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Pre-Professional Health Careers

 

Pre-Engineering

To gain admission into the Whitacre College of Engineering, students must have the academic preparation necessary to begin an engineering degree program. Whitacre College of Engineering has partnered with Texas Tech University Advising to create the TTU Pre-Engineering Program. The program is a student retention and success initiative that provides intense academic advising and support for students as they build the requisite math skills and college-required GPA to be successful in an engineering degree program. Pre-Engineering students will enroll in normal university core curriculum and foundational math courses. For students who determine that engineering is not an appropriate choice, the advisors in University Advising are uniquely qualified to assist them in finding a course of study that is best suited to their unique talents and interests. The ultimate goal is for every student to graduate successfully from a best-fit major.

 

Pre-Law Studies

Students who are interested in attending law school should begin preparing long before graduation. The discipline of law is for students who are interested in combining precision in thinking, researching, and writing with a desire to work with people. While many law school graduates choose to practice in the courtroom, others leverage their newly developed skills to excel in other fields. A law education equips students for success in a law practice, public service, teaching, and business.

Through a structured four-year process, the TTU Pre-Law Program cultivates the undergraduate to become a confident and articulate law school applicant bearing exceptional qualifications. Participants focus on the three essential areas identified by law school professionals nationwide:

  • Writing and speaking with comprehension and clarity.
  • Understanding social institutions and human nature.
  • Thinking creatively and analytically.

To aid students in their law school preparations, the Pre-Law Program functions through a four-part model:

  • Advising. Through access to the pre-law advisor, program assistants and ambassadors, students are easily able to ask questions and voice concerns about their decision to attend law school and receive help with the application process.
  • Roundtables and Events. Monthly events aim to familiarize students with the essential aspects of the law school application process, including LSAT, GPA, letters of recommendation, personal statement, and resume. Additionally these events strive to educate students on best practices and tips for doing well in law school (both personally and academically) and to broaden the understanding of legal fields and specialties.
  • Learning Community. The Pre-Law Learning Community provides a unique experience for future law students to live together in an environment supporting their academic, personal, and professional success.
  • Legal Studies Minor. The interdisciplinary minor in legal studies formally guides and encourages the exploration of law and its influence in society. The curriculum blends challenging course options in students’ home disciplines with relevant interdisciplinary electives to facilitate an interest in and an appreciation for the beneficial application of theory and research through the vehicle of law.

Prospective law students need a four-year bachelor’s degree in the academic discipline of their choice. Law schools are generally most interested in applicants who exhibit intellectual maturity and have the foundation of a broad-based liberal arts education. They consider exceptional applicants from diverse disciplines and backgrounds, often providing programs for early admission to qualified applicants. The Texas Tech University School of Law offers four such early admission programs for qualified students. For more information about early admission see www.prelaw.ttu.edu/earlyadmit.

Contact: Texas Tech University Advising, 79 Holden Hall, 806.742.2189,
prelaw@ttu.edu, www.prelaw.ttu.edu

 

Legal Studies Minor

The 21-credit-hour minor consists of required courses plus three directed electives. The TTU Pre-Law Program is responsible for certifying completion of the requirements for the minor in conjunction with the standard graduation certification processes used in each college. Students must have a minimum 2.75 cumulative Texas Tech GPA to declare, and a grade of C or better is needed to complete minor requirements. In the event an approved course is only offered pass/fail, a grade of pass will fulfill the grade requirement for the minor, per university policy. A minimum of nine credits must be completed in residence at Texas Tech University. Service learning options are valued and recommended where available.

Required Coursework

Students are required to take the following:

  • COMS 3313 Persuasion1
  • ENGL 2311 Introduction to Technical Writing
  • PHIL 2310 Logic2

Three hours of seminars must be chosen from the following:

  • LIBR 1100 Introduction to Library Research
  • IS 1100/3100 Raider Ready Freshman Transition or Transfer Transition*+
  • IS 4100 Strengths-Based Senior Seminar
  • 1-hour Seminar in the Legal Profession
  • 1-hour upper-level independent study with prior approval from the Pre-Law Program

Elective Coursework

The remaining 9 credit hours will be divided among the three curricular learning objectives of the minor: social science, communication, and professional practice. Courses required explicitly and without alternative by a student’s declared major may not be used to fulfill elective coursework in the legal studies minor. Appropriate alternative courses will be considered. Students must select one course from each of the following areas:

Social Science

  • HDFS 4343 Family Law and Public Policy
  • HIST 4324 Courts and Capitalis2
  • PHIL 2320 Introduction to Ethics3
  • PHIL 3321 Philosophy of Law1
  • POLS 3351 The Judicial Process4
  • POLS 3352 Constitutional Law–Powers4
  • POLS 3353 Constitutional Law–Limitations4
  • PSY 4305 Abnormal Psychology
  • SOC 3327 Sociology of Law and Policing1

Communication

  • COMS 3314 Argumentation and Debate
  • COMS 3332 Intercultural Communication1,5
  • COMS 3356 Leadership and Communication1
  • ENGL 2391 Introduction to Critical Writing3
  • ENGL 3362 Rhetorical Criticism
  • ENGL 3365 Professional Report Writing
  • MCOM 3320 Mass Communications Law
  • THA 2301 Introduction to Acting6

Professional Practice

  • AAEC 4320 Agribusiness Law
  • AHCM 4314 Quality Assurance and Risk Management
  • AHCM 4318 Healthcare Law/Ethics
  • ARCH 5392 Professional Practice
  • BA 3302 Financial and Managerial Accounting
  • BLAW Business Law (3391, 3393, or 4392)
  • ECO 3326 Industrial Organization, Antitrust, and Regulation
  • EDLD 5340 Educational Law
  • ENGR 2392 Engineering Ethics and Its Impact on Society3
  • HONS 2311 Seminar in International Affairs3
  • PFP 3301 Introduction to Personal Finance1
  • PSY 4384 Forensic Psychology
  • RHIM 4313 Legal Aspects of Hospitality Industry
  • WE 4311 Wind Energy Law and Regulatory Issues

1Social and Behavioral Sciences core curriculum course option
2 Writing Intensive
3 Humanities core curriculum course option
4 Political Science core curriculum course option (with restrictions)
5 Multicultural requirement course option
6 Visual and Performing Arts core curriculum course option
* To apply, this course will always require a research-grounded, exam-quality paper that reflects upon
  the course while synthesizing and communicating the value of the course in facilitating the student’s
  transition to a school of law.
+ Applies only when taken as entering student; Pre-Law focused work is preferred. Freshmen may
  also apply BA 1101 or HUSC 1100.

Contact: Texas Tech University Advising, 79 Holden Hall, 806.742.2189, prelaw@ttu.edu, www.prelaw.ttu.edu


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Pre-Professional Health Careers

The Pre-Professional Health Careers office provides three major services to students interested in a health profession career: (1) course registration advice for students who have not yet declared a major; (2) career advice for students who are either undecided about or reconsidering which health profession career to pursue; and (3) application advice primarily to students applying to the full range of health career professional schools.

While the office maintains an extensive collection of information on a broad range of health careers and can provide support for a wide variety of health career interests, most students align themselves with one of 10 different programs: pre-clinical laboratory sciences; pre-dentistry; pre-medicine; pre-nursing; pre-occupational therapy; pre-optometry; pre-pharmacy; pre-physical therapy; pre-physician assistant; and pre-speech, language, and hearing sciences. Although the academic preparation required for admission to various health career professional schools varies greatly, most require successful completion of specific college-level science, mathematics/statistics, and general education courses.

None of the 10 programs administered by the Pre-Professional Health Careers office are majors and do not lead directly to an undergraduate degree. This distinction between programs and majors is critically important because a baccalaureate degree is required for admission to occupational therapy, physical therapy, and physician assistant programs and is almost always obtained for admission to dentistry, medicine, and optometry programs with a broad range of majors being accepted. Professional programs in clinical lab sciences; nursing; and speech, language, and hearing sciences confer baccalaureate degrees so they are not required for admission. Pharmacy programs occupy an intermediate position where a baccalaureate degree is not required for admission, but about 60 percent of pharmacy students in Texas hold the degree. Regardless of their health profession goals, students pursuing these careers are strongly encouraged to identify a major that is aligned with their talents and inclinations and can provide alternative career options. 

To begin receiving department-level course registration advice as early as possible, students pursuing a health profession career are strongly encouraged to declare a major as soon as they are comfortable with their choice.  By law, all students at a state university must file a degree plan before the end of the second regular semester after the student has earned a cumulative total, from all sources, of 45 or more semester credit hours. However, delaying the filing of a degree plan until the legal deadline could put completing the degree in four years at risk.  Even after a major has been declared students pursuing health careers will still find the Pre-Professional Health Careers office a valuable resource. The office provides the evaluation forms and coordinates assembling evaluation packets for applications to schools of dentistry, medicine, and optometry; sponsors the West Texas Health Career Fair each February; hosts personal statement workshops and health professional admission forums; coordinates shadowing and volunteering opportunities; and sponsors 10 different health career student organizations.

Contact: Pre-Professional Health Careers office, 340A Chemistry Building, 806.742.3078, www.depts.ttu.edu/pphc

Professional School Requirements. Because changes in prerequisite course requirements are occasionally made by various health profession schools and requirements can sometimes differ among institutions, students are strongly encouraged to consult often with the Pre-Professional Health Careers Office and the health profession school of their choice to be sure they have the most up-to-date information. Nevertheless, some general required course guidelines can be outlined for the various health career programs. A four-semester model curriculum for each of the programs is provided for general guidance at www.depts.ttu.edu/pphc. However, many variations on the suggested course of study can equivalently prepare a student for health professional school admission. Students should not feel constrained by these model curriculums, and variations may be required by college credit awarded through transfer, AP examination, and/or dual-credit high school courses. Students should always have alternate curriculum plans evaluated by the Pre-Professional Health Careers advisors.

Pre-Dentistry

The minimum admission requirements for most dental schools in the United States include 14 semester hours of biology, 6 semester hours of English, 8 semester hours of general chemistry, 8 hours semester hours of organic chemistry, 8 semester hours of physics, and 3 semester hours of statistics. Applicants to dental schools are required to take the Dental Admission Test and submit their application approximately one year prior to the planned matriculation. To learn the admission requirements of a specific dental school, students should consult the website of the dental school. While it is possible to be admitted to dental school after completing only 90 semester hours, this is unusual, and students should plan to complete a baccalaureate degree before entering dental school.

Pre-Medicine

The minimum admission requirements for most medical schools in the United States include 3 hours of biochemistry, 14 hours of biology, 3 hours of calculus or statistics, 6 hours of English, 8 hours of general chemistry, 8 hours of organic chemistry, and 8 hours of physics. Applicants to medical schools are required to take the Medical College Admission Test and submit their application approximately one year prior to the date of the planned matriculation. For the most up-to-date admission requirements, students should consult the most recent edition of Medical School Admission Requirements or the website of a particular medical school of interest. While it is possible to be admitted to medical school after completing only 90 semester hours, this is unusual, and students should plan to complete a baccalaureate degree before entering medical school.

Pre-Nursing

Specific admission requirements vary depending on the nursing school, but the requirements generally include 4 hours of chemistry, 6 hours of English, 8 hours of human anatomy and physiology, 3 hours of humanities, 3 hours of lifespan growth and development, 4 hours of microbiology, 3 hours of nutritional sciences, 6 hours of political science, 3 hours of psychology, 3 hours of statistics, 6 hours of U.S. history, and 3 hours of creative arts. An introduction to nursing course and a pathophysiology course are also often required. Some nursing schools require applicants to take the Test of Essential Academic Skills. Students need to consult the website of particular nursing schools to learn detailed specific application requirements and follow through with the submission of all required information and documents.

Pre-Optometry

Specific admission requirements vary depending on the optometry school, but the requirements generally include 8 hours of biology, 3 hours of biochemistry, 3 hours of calculus, 8 hours of general chemistry, 3 hours of general psychology, 4 hours of human anatomy, 4 hours of microbiology, 4 hours of organic chemistry, 8 hours of physics, 4 hours of physiology, and 3 hours of statistical methods. The website of a particular optometry school should be consulted to learn the detailed specific application requirements. Completing a baccalaureate degree is not always required. Applicants to optometry school are required to take the Optometry Admission Test and submit all admission related documents in accordance with the timeline available on the website of the optometry school.

Pre-Pharmacy

Specific admission requirements vary depending on the pharmacy school, but the requirements generally include 8 hours of biology, 3 hours of calculus, 3 hours of economics, 6 hours of English, 8 hours of general chemistry, 15 hours of humanities/social science, 3 hours of literature, 4 hours of microbiology, 8 hours of organic chemistry, 4 hours of physics, 3 hours of public speaking, and 3 hours of statistical methods. Applicants to pharmacy school are required to take the Pharmacy College Admission Test, and students are strongly encouraged to consult the website of a particular pharmacy school to learn detailed specific application requirements.

Allied Health Sciences

Schools of allied health sciences include programs in clinical laboratory science; speech, language, and hearing sciences; occupational therapy; physical therapy; and physician assistant. Students are awarded degrees upon completion of these programs. Some allied health professional schools require a baccalaureate degree while other professional programs require only 60 to 90 hours of college-level courses. Additionally, some allied health programs require an admission test. This variability makes it essential for a student to consult carefully the website of the particular program at a specific school to learn all the application requirements. Application deadlines also vary, but are usually required six to 12 months prior to the planned start date.


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