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Optimizing Production Systems, Market and Policy Analysis for Cotton and Other Natural Fibers

Purpose

To provide comprehensive, state-of-the-art, multidisciplinary and systems-oriented cotton research and education programs focusing on all aspects of the modern cotton industry, including genomics, genetics, production, processing from field to fabric, development of high value-added bioproducts from fibers and seed, marketing, and international trade. Recent technological advances in textile production and strong competition with a wide array of man-made fibers lead to an ever moving fiber quality profile target. This effort is aimed at:

Relevance

During the 2009-10 crop year, 55.6 percent of the cotton acreage planted in the United States was planted in Texas. This represented about 40 percent of the total U.S. upland cotton production. In the coming years at least 50 percent of U.S. cotton production will be in Texas, elevating Texas to an unprecedented level of national dominance. During the same crop year about 3 million bales were classified in the Lubbock and Lamesa classing offices, representing 24.6 percent of national production and 67 percent of the production in Texas. Collectively, Texas Tech and Texas A&M have the expertise to expand the program in market and policy analysis of natural fibers that will greatly benefit U.S. industries and policy makers by providing relevant information about the changing landscapes of the market. Research proposed is aimed at developing new information and technologies to increase cotton and textile production efficiencies, reduce costs through the processing chain, increase market share and transparency, and improve the U.S. industry’s global competitiveness.

Accomplishments/Impacts

Lead Agency: Texas Tech University

Partners: USDA National Institute of Food and Agriculture
Texas A&M University