Texas Tech University

Architectural Design + Research Studio I

Arch 5501 · 1 Hybrid, 1 Online

Instructor: Peter Raab + Dr. Peng Du

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This research-based design studio will posit on the future of architecture. Through investigation, interrogation and iteration you will develop the design for a vertical tower, within a horizontal city. Set in the Hub City, this design project seeks to explore alternative design approaches for tall buildings; to create high-rise buildings that are inspired by the cultural, physical and environmental aspects of place. Not to ascribe to a singular, object-centric approach to architectural design, but to promote the need to build more efficient, dense cities, reducing our current desire for sprawl, which builds on arable land, and increases our dependence on roads.

The site for your interventions will focus on the repurposing of large-scale parking slots, the “space between” buildings in Downtown Lubbock along the north-south corridor of Avenue L and Avenue K between the Marsha Sharp Freeway and 15th Street. (see map). Students will work in pairs to develop the design of a tall building, or a cluster of tall buildings, plus the supporting infrastructure and landscape within the site. Ideations of an ‘augmented landscape', as Thom Mayne calls it, goes beyond the ‘modern' notion of single-use, separation of programs within a single plot, to begin to posit a more ‘post-modern' and layered notion of differentiated space that thickens space and use from the single, flat plane into a complex hybrid of ‘mixed-use'. Students will be free to determine the size, height, function, accommodation and responsibilities of the building(s), according to their urban mapping, neighborhood studies, and programmatic research. It is likely that the building(s) will be mixed-use in nature. Possible influential factors on detailed program (in no particular hierarchy) might be site area, urban grain, neighboring buildings, city requirements, community requirements, the commercial market, social responsibility, sustainability, aesthetics, proportions, plot ratios etc. Students should devise design solutions to respond to the local climatic, social, cultural and financial conditions.

A series of guest lectures on tall buildings and sustainability will be added to support this studio (see the Course Schedule for detail). Each project is encouraged to be forward-thinking, embracing the very latest technologies (including future technologies) to allow advancement in structural design, formal strategies, productive skins, multi-valent functionality and design for adaptability, integrated systems and an expression.

CONCEPTUAL URBANISM FOR SOUTHERN SPAIN

Arch 5502 · Hybrid

Instructor: José Aragüez

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This studio will explore in depth what it means to think architecturally at an urban scale—from block groupings and neighborhoods to the territory at large. Many valuable initiatives, whether discursive or built around data-driven techniques, analyze the actors and forces determining the boundary conditions for the formation of urban milieus. Other insightful explorations employ metaphors and tropes to describe the nature of cities in relation to domains outside of architecture. Still others concentrate around questions concerning resources and the environment. Alternatively, this studio will probe the specifically architectural dimension of urban design, with a focus on conceptual approaches. In order to do so, we will first examine a number of groundbreaking urban schemes and texts from the early 1960s to the present. These will revolve around topics including density, order vs. differentiation, public vs. private, typology, topology, spatial infrastructure, program, form, time, and context, among others. We will then use knowledge gained from this research to develop an urban proposal for a prominent site in the Andalusian city of Málaga, Spain.

In 2006, this site—located West of Málaga's train station, near the beach—was set as the target of the most ambitious urbanistic operation within the so-called “Costa del Sol” region (literally “Coast of the Sun” or “Sun Coast”) in the twenty-first century. Involving high-profile architects along the way, such as David Chipperfield, the controversial nature of the operation has sparked antagonism among the various interests groups involved, which has made it difficult for the urban development to move forward. Fourteen years and several projects and investors later, the operation is still halted. However, Málaga's tenacious mayor (he was behind the idea in 2006) is determined to develop the site, so currently he is renegotiating the terms of the operation to be able to realize it. Just as those terms are being agreed upon—and therefore prior to any final urban design project being approved—we will advance projects for the site. With a total surface area of approximately 1.9 M square feet, the site is to accommodate office space, retail, housing, and an urban park. In implementing this program within a consolidated area of Western Málaga, proposals will address the urban implications for the coastline and the city at large, as well as more specifically the connections with the city center and the train station.

The main of goal of this studio will be to grow a sensibility for undertaking urban design the way we would conceptual architecture.

DELIVERABLES

The semester will be roughly divided into three phases, the first two shorter than the third. For the research & analysis portion of the semester (phases one and two) deliverables will include mostly analytical drawing. For the proposal phase, a combination of concept diagrams; plans, sections, and elevations at several scales; perspective drawings; and images will be expected.

CLASS MODALITY

We will have face-to-face sessions and those will take place on Fridays. Monday and Wednesday we will meet virtually.

We will alternate between sessions involving the whole group, small groups, and one-to-one discussions.

Fabrication of The Ordinary

Arch 5501 · Online

Instructor: Sora Key

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Ordinary things have surprisingly interesting forms. A fence made of metal rods is found so commonly that we usually don't even care how they are made. Metal rods are kind of strings with no significant volume in space. When weaved and bent in a particular form, the strings become a meshed surface. The surface is malleable in the same manner as fabric or paper, though stiffer, so that it can wrap around some form of space. We can roll, fold, stack, stretch, cut in pieces, or even crumble it to make different forms. Understanding how to make to challenge the existing is an integral part of the design process. We identify the essential elements and the material, organize them in certain forms, and use it to define spaces in various contexts.

Students will design a surface that defines three-dimensional space, then propose a plan to make it in real life using real materials. During the process - from casting of the conceptual idea to the concrete planning of a fabrication project - students will learn 1) how to relate artistic/aesthetic concepts and engineering strategies that enable the actual construction, 2) necessary technical/computational skills such as scripting, indexing, algorithms, or simulation using physics engines, 3) the design workflow in the position of a project manager to understand the constant challenges during the architectural/artistic production as a designer to find the right balance between the conceptual and the reality.

The expected outcome of the studio will include the following:

  • A full design proposal of an architectural/artistic installation project
  • Detailed drawings and digital files of the design that will enable the actual fabrication/construction (up to 1:1 scale)
  • Project plan: Fully planned documentation of the project execution, including the project schedule (timeline), estimates of material and cost, the work plan of parts and assembly, and specific requirements for the project if there exists any (workspace volume, necessary tools, etc.)

Advanced Architectural Design Studio

Arch 5502 · Hybrid

Instructor: Kuhn Park

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This graduate advanced architectural design studio is invited to 2021 Seoul Biennale of Architecture and Urbanism – under Global Studio. The Seoul Biennale of Architecture and Urbanism was established in 2017 as an event that focuses on cities and gathers their representatives to discuss the challenges linked to the urban condition and share their potential solutions. With ten million inhabitants, Seoul is one of the most representative examples of contemporary metropolises and, as such, a particularly relevant context to frame this Biennale. Following the two editions entitled “Imminent Commons” (2017) and “Collective City” (2019), the third edition entitled “CROSSROADS Building the Resilient City” will explore the evolution of the world's cities and metropolises under the General Director, Dominique Perrault.

In the aftermath of the pandemic that is altering and questioning the foundations of our civilization, the Biennale acknowledges the crucial moment humanity is facing and aims to reflect on the city of the future as a more sustainable, resilient and comfortable place for its inhabitants. The Biennale and studio ask students to reflect on temporary emergency housing, answering to the challenges of many populations around the world. The goal is to show society that architects are capable and continue to respond efficiently to extreme situations, in connection to the Biennale's main five topics: Above/Below, Heritage/Modern, Craft/Digital, Natural/Artificial, and Safe/Risk.

Two types of resulting proposals will be submitted to the Biennale: Exhibition Material (studio contents) and Refuge (venue / scenography). Exhibition Material is from research-based agendas to design proposals regarding the notion of ‘refuge', and in order to share the work with the public, Refuges will be designed, built, and temporarily installed throughout the city of Seoul. Most of contributions will be developed during the Fall 2020 semester: midterm review and progress report in October and final submission in December. Upon selection of Refuge by the Biennale in January 2021, the construction of Refuge at a designated location in Seoul will be occurred in July and August 2021.

This is a hybrid studio with Wednesday F2F session. Also, in order to obtain and facilitate the magnitude, participating students will be co-registered into the studio and a three-credits seminar (ARCH 5301), total eight-credits.

Seoul Biennale of Architecture and Urbanism Announcement by Dominique Perrault

Crossroads

Arch 5301 · Hybrid

Instructor: Kuhn Park

This seminar is linked to ARCH 5502 Advanced Architectural Design Studio – 2021 Seoul Biennale of Architecture and Urbanism _Global Studio. Following the call of SBAU Global Studio, the whole semester will be dedicated to the architectural research into the notion of refuge and refugee, its implications to architecture, urban, landscape, design, and city, and its speculative future after the pandemic.

Heroines, wet walls, and light wells: A Latin American Housing Extrastudio

Arch 5503 · Online

Instructor: Kristine Stiphany, PhD, AIA, APA

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The growth of cities has led to a conceptual resurgence in the study of housing as a critical mode of urban transformation, with a focus on global southern urbanisms. Southern urbanism seeks to challenge the knowledge hegemony of canonical, gendered, and racialized city making with design modalities that account for the everyday: the informal, extra-legal, statecrafted, and meso or ‘in-between' spaces that are often overlooked by conventional design practice and western forms of urbanism. Centering design practice around southern urbanisms reorients the axis of design to the social agencies, boundaries, and territories that are unsettling and reformatting urban built environments across urban peripheries in the global north and south.

To examine the lived and represented experience of southern urbanism, this studio approaches housing as a system, typology, and narrative in São Paulo, Brazil. In doing so, it will create a representational context that decouples housing from a singular typological form and re-constructs housing through the social agencies and archetypes that characterize southern urban production. We will focus on circulation, illumination and infrastructural elements of informal housing: their relationship to modernism, transformation amid rapid urbanization, and foundation for the rise in informal rental housing, the predominant mode of informal dwelling in the global south. To situate the ontological roots of rental housing between modernism and the sphere of southern urbanism, we will read from postcolonial and poststructural literature around the topics of insurgency, social justice, and decolonized spatial histories in cities.

We will analyze the relationships among modernism, southern urbanism, and everyday life by constructing drawings through three epistemological lenses. The first set of drawings [modern systems] will trace the overlapping boundaries that sequence the infrastructures, ecologies, and morphologies of housing as it has been designed and produced by architects, and disseminated from global north to global southern contexts. The second set of drawings [constructed typology] involves the abstract transformation of an informal infill building from an atlas of 236 that exist in two of São Paulo's largest favelas, relative to five social archetypes of informal rental housing: the heroine builders, the tenant resisters, the clockwork regulators, the shadow entrepreneurs, and the senhorio slumlord. The third set of drawings [emergent narrative] involves the synthesis of constructs one and two into a proposal for infill housing within São Paulo's eastern industrial Tamanduateí crescent, in the Heliópolis favela.

This studio is an Extrastudio, replicating all elements of the conventional design studio (lectures and discussion on Monday, desk critiques on Wednesday, and collective pin ups on Friday) but also facilitating review by Latin American architects or architects working in Latin America over the course of the semester and at midterm and final reviews. All studio work will be undertaken individually.

LAND ARTS 2020 ADAPTATION - RIO MEANDER MAP

Arch 5501/5301 · Hybrid

Instructor: Chris Taylor

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Land Arts 2020 ADAPTATION will conduct an interdisciplinary deep research studio and seminar to construct a meander map of the Rio Bravo / Rio Grande as it marks the border from El Paso/Juarez to the Gulf of Mexico. We will collectively research, study draw the history and traces of the ever-changing living river. The work produced will be part a publication being developed by the artist Zoe Leonard, a former Land Arts field guest, and poet Tim Johnson to build knowledge around terrain of past (and future) field operations. The 2020 Adaption seeks to responsibly honor the ethos, aspirations, and complexities of the Land Arts program that is dedicated to teaching greater awareness and understanding of how we as humans build and operate on the planet.

Land Arts 2020 ADAPTATION will operate as an immersive non-traveling studio and seminar to conduct the research necessary to collectively produce a meander map of the Rio Bravo / Rio Grande from Ciudad Juarez / El Paso to the Gulf of Mexico that will describe the undulating and shifting course of the river over time and provide a significant resource for Leonard's publication that will accompany her exhibition Al Rio / To the River at Mudam, the Contemporary Art Museum of Luxembourg in 2021, then traveling to the Musée d'Art Moderne in Paris before coming to the United States and Mexico. The map, inspired by those produced by Harold Fisk and team in 1944 of The Alluvial Valley of the Lower Mississippi, will require extensive binational and multilingual research into the history of river geometry and mapping as a manifestation of dynamic ecosystems modified over time by wide ranges of human construction.

The rio meander map will be a living map, a dynamic portrait of persistently shifting geographic, social, and political conditions. The map will have an after life beyond the semester in two ways. In the near term during Spring 2021 it will be the subject of the 2020 Land Arts Adaptation Exhibition at the Museum of Texas Tech University. Over the long term it will live on at the new Border Consortium being established by POST (Project for Operative Spatial Technologies) at the Texas Tech College of Architecture in El Paso.

Contributing faculty and advisors will include: Curtis Bauer, poet, translator and Texas Tech faculty; Judith Birdsong, architect, photographer, researcher of geo-political histories, and UT Austin faculty; Erin Charpentier and Travis Neel, social practice artists and new faculty at Texas Tech; John Davis, environmental and architectural historian and Ohio State faculty; Noemie Despland-Lichtert, historian, curator and educator teaching at Texas Tech; Elisandra Garcia, architect and activist teaching at Texas Tech; Tim Johnson, poet, editor, publisher and owner of Marfa Book Company; Nick Keys: writer and program director based in Sydney, Australia; Ersela Kripa, architect and interim director of the Texas Tech El Paso program; Zoe Leonard, artist; Caleb Lightfoot, architecture and archeology designer; Cesar Lopez, architect and representation guru starting tenure track at University of New Mexico; Stephen Mueller, architect and director of POST: Project for Operative Spatial Technologies at the Texas Tech El Paso program; Patrick Casey O'Shea, artist and technologies with freshly minted MFA from the Art & Tech program at the School of the Art Institute of Chicago; Jesse Vogler, architect with background in surveying and landscape, head of new architecture program at the Free University in Tbilisi, Georgia; and Nichole Wiedemann, architect and researcher on faculty at UT Austin.

DELIVERABLES

The primary deliverable is the collective creation of the rio meander map. To complete it participants from the studio, the associated seminar and affiliated guests will divide across four primary working groups: Researchers - Spanish language, Researchers - English language, GeoSpatial Synthesizers, and Graphic Producers. The working groups will facilitate independent research action and collective production that will be aggregated and managed through digital communication and file sharing. Weekly activity will be logged through production posting and feedback cycles supported by common discussion sections. There will be guest sessions with project advisors and affiliates to expand the range of dialog and production. Participation is possible through the studio (CRN 37048 ARCH 5501.301), seminar (CRN 34002 ARCH 5301.007), or both.

CLASS MODALITY

Technically hybrid, however given the amount of remote participants all activity will be coordinated online.

Spatial Crimes: Architectures of Control

Arch 5301 · Online

Instructor: Galo Canizares + Stephanie Sang Delgado

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The prison is one of the most complex architectural mechanisms in human history. It is perhaps the ultimate architecture of control. From Daedalus's mythical prison-labyrinth to Bentham's Panopticon the construction of prisons exists as both a fictional-imaginary trope as well as a very real social justice issue. Together with the protean conception of “crime,” the carceral system has evolved into a mechanism for urban-scale control that affects the built environment, perceptions of race, economic development, and our own concepts of justice.

This seminar will focus on architecture's role in spatial crimes, crimes that are committed by architects, or are created by spatial conditions. We will study fiction and non-fiction representations of prisons and other crimes such as burglary, slavery, and redlining. In this class, students will analyze architecture of control from castles to plantations to urban design and reflect on architecture's role in the development and perception of the contemporary carceral system.

Health and Wellness in the Designed Environment

Arch 5301 · Hybrid

Instructor: Saif Haq

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This seminar will hold the premise that the designed environment has a profound influence in the health and wellbeing of all human inhabitants and will explore the interrelationships at various scales and settings. While discrete environmental factors interact with one another to create health effects, this class will study them separately and understand their consequences.

Directed readings, focused discussions, case studies and student projects will be the tools of this class. Completion will shift the attitude from ‘pathogenic' to a ‘salutogenic' approach where factors that enhance health and wellbeing becomes the basis of design decision making.

Research Methods

Arch 5301 · Hybrid

Instructor: Robert Perl

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Research Methods, addresses methods of research through multiple experiences of reading, discussing, and writing. This course positions research methods within the discipline of architecture, explores the role of research within the profession of architecture, and considers research as a component of design process. The course will make students more conscious of their current research methods and communications skills and assist them in developing new abilities in these areas.

Spatial Morphology & Typology

Arch 5301 · Online

Instructor: Julie Zook

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Interconnected and inhabitable space is a key distinguishing feature of architecture as compared to other arts and other design fields. As a discipline and profession, we stand to benefit from a better ability to describe space, beyond typical standards like square footages and adjacencies.

Intuition, precedent, and folk theory are often used to make projections about designed space. In this course, we will take an approach to the description of space that is theoretical, empirical, and sometimes quantitative, focusing on how society and space mutually construct one another. You will learn theories, methods, and software tools that can check, refine, and enhance your intuitions about how space works.

Simulation for Building Performance and Urban Sustainability

Arch 5304 · Hybrid

Instructor: Peng Du

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This course aims to provide students with an understanding of principles, methods and applications of environmental performance analysis at both the building and urban scales, through weekly lectures and hands-on simulation software tutorials. The course will also explore building and urban sustainability in terms of new trends, design strategies, technologies, and materials. Specifically, the simulation for environmental performance will include energy consumption / generation, carbon emission, solar radiation, daylighting, outdoor thermal comfort, urban heat island, etc. This course will lean heavily on digital modeling within the Rhinoceros 3D modeling environment, mainly using Grasshopper, Ladybug, Honeybee, Dragonfly and DIVA-for-Rhino, among other tools, to perform simulations and analyses.

SYSTEMS OF ARCHITECTURAL INQUIRY

Arch 5315 · Hybrid

Instructor: Saif Haq

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ARCH 5315 provides an overview of numerous research methodologies used in studies of the built environment and their intellectual bases. The class focuses on the individual research/scholarly agendas of enrolled students. Through lectures on selected topics, class discussions, and written papers of several lengths, this class highlights the many faceted possibilities that exist in architectural inquiry and provide a foundation for students to understand their research directions and organize their research interests into specific proposals that might lead to their theses or dissertations.

Introduction to Historic Preservation: History and Theory of Historic Preservation

Arch 5324 · Online

Instructor: Providencia Velázquez

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This course in historic preservation provides an overview of an interdisciplinary field. Historic preservation brings together a broad spectrum of disciplines – historical research, interpretation, and writing; architecture and architectural history; conservation – the study of building materials; design; urban planning; real estate and business development; and public policy – to document, protect, and interpret historic buildings, districts and sites. Over the course of this semester we will cover four tracks in the field: history, conservation, design, and planning. Additionally, we will discuss some of the ethical and philosophical considerations involved with preservation, public history and policy.

CONSERVATION POLICIES (El Paso)

Arch 5325 · Hybrid

Instructor: Mahyar Hadighi

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As a core course in the Historic Preservation and Design graduate program, ARCH 5325 provides an overview of the rules, regulations, and policies governing the preservation and conservation of historic properties, including buildings, sites, landscapes, neighborhoods, and districts. In the context of discussions of federal, state, and local policies on historic preservation, students will explore the ways in which building additions and new constructions can be designed with the use of materials appropriate to the history and culture of given neighborhoods and in harmony with the buildings already in existence there.

Earth Based Construction Systems

Arch 5334 · Hybrid

Instructor: Ben Shacklette

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Earth Based Construction Systems will study the historical development of earth architecture from ancient through modern times. Differing from region to region, and culture to culture, earthen construction is a material used of necessity and by choice. Earth or mud-based architecture can be classified in several basic construction types consisting of both pure and hybrid forms that vary in means, methods, and materials. Identifying and understanding the fundamental properties and tectonic capabilities of earthen construction systems is a focus of this course. Emphasis will be given to learning about how earth-based materials are made, why they are used in various construction systems in diverse cultures, how their use supports the conservation of the natural environment, and how contemporary earth-based building systems can improve the quality of life and raise the living standards of various peoples in the developing regions of the world. This course is designed to strengthen the student's knowledge about the various forms of earth construction technology used in architecture and settlement building across the globe and encourages students to effectively disseminate this information through the creative and artistic presentation of research findings in written, verbal, and graphic exposition.

Eyes That Do Not See…

Arch 5362 · Hybrid

Instructor: Armando Rigau

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In this introductory course, students trace how different systems of ideas have transformed architectural production throughout time. While theory addresses an array of topics – including aesthetics and human experience, technological and economic progress, as well as social and political events – this course focuses on how ideas drive design decisions. A general aim to understand what is architecture underlies the following questions:

  • What do architectural ideas entail, considering both their potentials and limits?
  • Where do ideas come from and how are they generated?
  • How can they manifest – and to what extent – in built form?
  • How do buildings express ideas and how can these be construed?

Urban Theory

Arch 5382 · Hybrid

Instructor: David A. Driskill

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An extensive writing course exploring a comprehensive investigation from selected conceptual and philosophical topics based upon the critical relationship between culture and the urban environment.

Professional Practice

Arch 5392 · Online

Instructors: MaryAlice Torress-MacDonald + Lesley Nall Washington

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This 3-hr distance education course addresses the principles and practices of the business of architecture, including stakeholder roles, business practices, project management, legal responsibilities and professional conduct, including ethics. Taught in Blackboard, the course provides online delivery of course material through lectures followed by quizzes; guest speakers; readings for discussion; and a major ‘Mock Firm Development Project' which includes Mock Firm Assignments.