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July 2019

Tinsley Studies Intermittent Fasting

TTU exercise physiologist Grant Tinsley

Grant Tinsley, an assistant professor of exercise physiology in the Department of Kinesiology & Sport Management, is conducting ongoing studies on intermittent fasting, a diet phenomenon that is attracting popular attention. Tinsley first became interested in intermittent fasting as a doctoral student at Baylor University in 2013 and conducted his first trial on time-restricted feeding (TRF) there. Because the study was one of the first of its kind, it received substantial attention. The paper publishing its results was awarded the 2018 Best Paper Award by the European Journal of Sport Science. Tinsley then collaborated with a colleague, Antonio Paoli at the University of Padova in Italy, for a second study, which received even more attention than the first—showing there was a need for, and an interest in, continued research on intermittent fasting in active individuals. That led to Tinsley's most recent research, which differed from the prior studies in several ways. For one, it examined TRF in active women instead of active men. Another difference is that this trial added a TRF group that was taking a dietary supplement called beta-hydroxy beta-methylbutyrate (HMB) when they were fasting. For Grant Tinsley's research findings on intermittent fasting, follow this link.

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Lehman's Dinosaur Fossil Gets Classified

illustration of Aquilarhinus palimentus dinosaur discovered by TTU professor Tom Lehman

Thomas Lehman, a professor in the Department of Geosciences, was a master's student in 1985 when he discovered some badly weathered bones in the rock layers of southwestern Big Bend National Park. He and his fellow grad students collected the fossils, but they couldn't immediately be studied because they were stuck together. Later research in the 1990s revealed two arched nasal crests, so scientists believed the fossilized animal might have been a member of the Gryposaurus genus, which includes three different species of duck-billed dinosaurs, more formally known as hadrosaurids. But new research has shown Lehman's specimen was more primitive than Gryposaurus. On July 12, 2019, the fossil was announced in the Journal of Systematic Paleontology as representing a new genus and species, Aquilarhinus palimentus. Lehman said, "This new species is particularly interesting because it is among the earlier representatives of the duck-billed dinosaurs, and it shows us what the narial crest, or nose, of these animals looked like before the wide variety of distinctive noses evolved in later species of duck-billed dinosaurs." To read more about Thomas Lehman's Aquilarhinus palimentus, follow this link.

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Nagihara Builds Moon Probe for NASA

TTU geosciences professor Seiichi Nagihara with moon

Seiichi Nagihara, an associate professor in the Department of Geosciences, has been working for more than a decade to design an instrument that could sit on the surface of the moon and accurately measure the amount of heat coming out from its interior. Now, thanks to a nod from NASA, Nagihara will actually get to build his instrument and watch it in action, according to a July 2 report in Texas Tech Today. Through a program called Commercial Lunar Payload Services (CLPS), NASA is selecting instruments for future missions. Nagihara's lunar heat flow probe was announced July 1 as one of these instruments. "Each CLPS landing mission is expected to have only 8-10 Earth days of work time on the moon, so each of the payload instruments must complete its work very quickly," explained Nagihara. "For the last couple of years, my team has been developing a lunar heat flow probe that can be deployed quickly in order to meet the CLPS landers' requirements." A complete report of Seiichi Nagihara's lunar probe may be found by following this link.

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Guengerich Receives Travel Grant for Bolivia

TTU professor of Spanish language Sara GuengerichSara V. Guengerich, an associate professor of Spanish in the Department of Classical & Modern Languages & Literatures, received a research travel grant from TTU Office of Research & Innovation to conduct archival research at the Bolivian National Archive in Sucre, Bolivia, in July 2019. She also received the Publication Subvention Award from the Texas Tech Humanities Center. That award is earmarked toward publication expenses for her upcoming book, "The Cacicas of Colonial Latin America, 1492-1825."

 

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Casadonte Named ACS Fellow

TTU chemistry professor Dominick CasadonteDom Casadonte, the Minnie Stevens Piper Professor in the Department of Chemistry & Biochemistry, was named a Fellow of the American Chemical Society (ACS) in the July 15, 2019, issue of the Society's magazine, He will be honored at the ACS National Meeting this fall in San Diego. Yehia Mechref, Horn Professor and department chair, said the ACS Fellows Program was created by the ACS Board of Directors in December 2008 to recognize members for outstanding achievements in and contributions to science, the profession and the Society.

 

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Cozzolino Receives NSF CAREER Award

TTU chemistry professor Anthony Cozzolino in his lab

Anthony Cozzolino, an assistant professor in the Department of Chemistry & Biochemistry, recently received a five-year, $655,710 CAREER Award from the National Science Foundation (NSF) to further his research into the design and synthesis of molecules containing the elements antimony and bismuth. Imagine picking up a box of LEGOs, shaking it and watching as the bricks assemble themselves, creating the object they're supposed to comprise—that's a good analogy of Cozzolono's research, but with molecules. "We design these for molecular recognition, the ability of these molecules to specifically recognize other molecules in solution and self-assemble into more complex structures," he said in a Texas Tech Today article dated July 10. "We design different pieces so they will fit together in a specific way to make something more complex, but they do it on their own." For a more detailed description of Anthony Cozzolino's research, follow this link.

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Korzeniewski Receives NSF Grant

TTU chemistry professor Carol KorzeniewskiCarol Korzeniewski, a professor in the Department of Chemistry & Biochemistry, is Principal Investigator (PI) on a new National Science Foundation (NSF) grant. Shelley Minteer of the University of Utah is a co-PI. The grant project, entitled "Advancing Strategies for In-Situ Determination and Spatial Mapping of Components within Membrane Systems for Energy Conversion," represents a total award of $558,362 for three years, with $302,300 of that amount coming to Texas Tech. Yehia Mechref, Horn Professor and department chair, said the project supports the construction a confocal Raman microscope with oil-immersion optics to enable high spatial resolution imaging and measurements on single, micron-scale particles in Korzeniewski's lab.

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June 2019

Carr & Harris Study Frogs to Help Humans

TTU biologists James Carr and Breanna Harris with a frog

James Carr, a professor of endocrinology, and Breanna Harris, a research assistant professor, both in the Department of Biological Sciences, are studying fear and stress in animals to learn how those factors influence feeding and behavior. In turn, they hope to use this information to develop better diagnostic tools and medications for humans, according to a Texas Tech Today article published June 28. The two researchers say there are few times when animals in the wild are not surrounded by predators. The mechanisms by which prey survive are still present in humans, but can lead to anxiety, fear and stress that result in real health problems. Prey animals can detect predators using the same senses humans use, including vision, smell and sound. But Carr and Harris are particularly interested in frogs. A frog's vision uses feature-detecting cells that are sensitive to key attributes of both their prey and their predators, including size, shape, contrast and movement. "Frogs only have one visual system. Humans have two, and we can't separate those research-wise," Carr said. "It's very difficult, because both of those visual systems interact. We're interested in the subconscious visual system, which you have, but you don't know you're using." Harris made it clear that when a frog sees movement and size that indicates there is a snake, it makes no conscious decisions on how to act on that information. The way the cues are interpreted in the brain trigger a behavior, and humans share some of those innate abilities to identify certain dangers.
For an in-depth account of Carr and Harris's research, follow this link.

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Hayhoe Named to National Museum Board

TTU political science professor Katharine Hayhoe

Katharine Hayhoe, a professor in the Department of Political Science and co-director of the Texas Tech University Climate Center, has been named by the Smithsonian Institute's Board of Regents to the advisory board of the National Museum of Natural History in Washington, D.C. the announcement was published June 27 at Texas Tech Today. "Museums convey the wonder and beauty of science in a unique way that appeals to all of us, from young to old," Hayhoe said. "I'm delighted to be serving as an adviser to the Smithsonian Natural History Museum and look forward to contributing to their mission, to promote understanding of the natural world and our place in it." Hayhoe is considered one of the world's leading experts on climate science. Her research focuses on evaluating future impacts of climate change on human society and the natural environment by developing and applying high-resolution climate projections. This year, she has been named one of the World's 100 Most Influential People in Climate Policy by Apolitical and to the annual list of Global Thinkers by Foreign Policy Magazine, one of the world's leading publications focused on global affairs.

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Edwards to Attend Leadership Institute

TTU French professor Carole EdwardsCarole Edwards, an associate professor of French in the Department of Classical & Modern Languages & Literatures, has been chosen to attend the President's Leadership Institute 2019-2020. The purpose of the institute is to empower faculty and staff with a leadership foundation guided by principles of engagement, innovation, inclusiveness and impact. In previous years, those chosen attended classes on network development, personal development, professional development, leadership development and institutional development. Collectively, the strategies, skills, and knowledge presented during the President's Leadership Institute are meant to help attendees become high-performers and in return, lead their teams to a higher level of productivity.

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Recent Books

"Moments of Joy and Heartbreak: 66 Significant Episodes in the History of the Pittsburgh Pirates"

Book by TTU's Jorge Iber, Moments of Joy and Heartbreak about the Pittsburgh PiratesJorge Iber, Associate Dean of the College of Arts & Sciences and Professor in the Department of History, leads as author and editor in this 208-page paperback, "Moments of Joy and Heartbreak: 66 Significant Episodes in the History of the Pittsburgh Pirates." The Pittsburgh Pirates have a long history, peppered with moments significant both to Pirates fans and Major League Baseball. While the Pirates are recognized as fielding the first all-black lineup in 1971, the 66 games in this book include one of the first matchups in the majors to involve two non-white opening hurlers (Native American and Cuban) in June 1921. We relive no-hitters, World Series-winning homers, and encounter the story of the last tripleheader ever played in major-league baseball. Some of the games are wins; some are losses. All of these essays provide readers with a sense of the totality of the Pirates' experiences: the joy, the heartbreak, and other aspects of baseball (and life) in between. This book is the work of 37 members of the Society for American Baseball Research (SABR), SABR Digital Library, Vol. 46, paperback. (Society for American Baseball Research, March 2018)

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"True Sex: the Lives of Trans Men at the Turn of the Twentieth Century"

True Sex: the Lives of Trans Men at the Turn of the Twentieth Century, by Emily Skidmore, TTUEmily Skidmore, Assistant Professor in the Department of History, uncovers the stories of 18 trans men who lived in the United States between 1876 and 1936 in "True Sex, the Lives of Trans Men at the Turn of the Twentieth Century." At the turn of the 20th century, trans men were not necessarily urban rebels seeking to overturn stifling gender roles. In fact, they often sought to pass as conventional men, choosing to live in small towns where they led ordinary lives, aligning themselves with the expectations of their communities. They were, in a word, unexceptional. Despite the "unexceptional" quality of their lives, their stories are nonetheless surprising and moving, challenging much of what we think we know about queer history. By tracing the narratives surrounding the moments of "discovery" in these communities—from reports in local newspapers to medical journals and beyond—this book challenges the assumption that the full story of modern American sexuality is told by cosmopolitan radicals. Rather, "True Sex" reveals complex narratives concerning rural geography and community, persecution and tolerance, and how these factors intersect with the history of race, identity and sexuality in America. (NYU Press, September 2017)

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"The Restless Indian Plate and Its Epic Voyage from Gondwana to Asia"

Sankar Chatterjee Book "The Restless Indian Plate"Sankar Chatterjee, Horn Professor in the Department of Geosciences, writes that the fossil history of animal life in India is central to our understanding of the tectonic evolution of Gondwana, the dispersal of India, its northward journey, and its collision with Asia in "The Restless Indian Plate and Its Epic Voyage from Gondwana to Asia" . According to a review in Phys.org, "This beautifully illustrated volume provides the only detailed overview of the paleobiogeographic, tectonic, and paleoclimatic evolution of the Indian plate from Gondwana to Asia," and quotes Chatterjee and his colleagues as saying, "The tectonic evolution of the Indian plate represents one of the most dramatic and epic voyages of all drifting continents: 9,000 kilometers in 160 million years. ... The extensive reshuffling of the Indian plate was accompanied by multiple temporary filter bridges, resulting in the cosmopolitan nature of tetrapod fauna." The review goes on to conclude that "This thorough, up-to-date volume is a must-have reference for researchers and students in Indian geology, paleontology, plate tectonics, and collision of continents." (The Geological Society of America, July 2017)

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"Modern Sport Ethics: A Reference Handbook, 2nd Edition"

Angel Lumpkin Modern Sport EthicsAngela Lumpkin, Professor and Chair of the Department of Exercise & Sport Science, offers, in "Modern Sport Ethics: A Reference Handbook, 2nd Edition," descriptions and examples of unethical behaviors in sport that will challenge readers to think about how they view sport and question whether participating in sport builds character—especially at the youth and amateur levels. Sport potentially can teach character as well as social and moral values, but only when these positive concepts are consistently taught, modeled, and reinforced by sport leaders with the moral courage to do so. The seeming moral crisis threatening amateur and youth sport—evidenced by athletes, coaches, and parents alike making poor ethical choices—and ongoing scandals regarding performance-enhancing drug use by professional athletes make sports ethics a topic of great concern. This work enables readers to better understand the ethical challenges facing competitive sport by addressing issues such as gamesmanship, doping, cheating, sportsmanship, fair play, and respect for the game. A compelling read for coaches, sport administrators, players, parents, and sport fans, the book examines specific examples of unethical behaviors—many cases of which occur in amateur and educational sports—to illustrate how these incidents threaten the perception that sport builds character. It identifies and investigates the multiple reasons for cheating in sport, such as the fact that the rewards for succeeding are so high, and the feeling of athletes that they must behave as they do to "level the playing field" because everyone else is cheating, being violent, taking performance-enhancing drugs, or doing whatever it takes to win. Readers will gain insight into how coaches and sport administrators can achieve the goals for youth, interscholastic, intercollegiate, and Olympic sport by stressing moral values and character development as well as see how specific recommendations can help ensure that sport can serve to build character rather than teach bad behavior in the pursuit of victory. (ABC-CLIO, December 2016)

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"Introduction to Physical Education, Exercise Science, and Sport" 10th Edition

“INTRODUCTION TO PHYSICAL EDUCATION, EXERCISE SCIENCE, AND SPORT” 10th Edition

Angela Lumpkin, Professor and Chair of the Department of Exercise & Sport Science, gives college students a wide-angle view of physical education, exercise science, sport, and the wealth of careers available in these fields in the 10th Edition of "Introduction to Physical Education, Exercise Science, and Sport." The textbook provides the principles, history, and future of physical education, exercise science, and sport. Lumpkin's clear writing style engages the reader while covering the most important introductory topics in this updated introduction to the world of physical education. (McGraw-Hill, July 2016)

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"God's Foolishness"

God's Foolishness William Wenthe TTUWilliam Wenthe, Professor in the Department Of English, explores painful and fleeting emotions within the 96 pages of "God's Foolishness." Here, he mines the feelings of human uncertainty in matters of love and desire, time and death, and uncovers difficult truths with transformative insights. These are poems of crisis. Wenthe examines our conflicting urges to see nature as sustenance and to foolishly destroy it. His poems shift from close observation to panorama with cinematic fluidity, from a tea mug to an ancient monument, from a warbler on an elm branch to the specter of imminent natural disaster. Offering passion and intellect balanced with a careful concern for poetic craft, Wenthe's "God's Foolishness" gives us fine poems to savor and admire. Watch the YouTube video here. (LSU, May 2016)

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"Before the Gregorian Reform: The Latin Church at the Turn of the First Millennium"

Before the Gregorian Reform, John Howe TTUJohn Howe, Professor in the Department of History, challenges the familiar narrative that the era from about 1050 to 1150 was the pivotal moment in the history of the Latin Church. The status quo states it was then that the Gregorian Reform movement established the ecclesiastical structure that would ensure Rome's dominance throughout the Middle Ages and beyond. In "Before the Gregorian Reform," Howe examines earlier, "pre-Gregorian" reform efforts within the Church—and finds that they were more extensive and widespread than previously thought and that they actually established a foundation for the subsequent Gregorian Reform movement. The low point in the history of Christendom came in the late ninth and early tenth centuries—a period when much of Europe was overwhelmed by barbarian raids and widespread civil disorder, which left the Church in a state of disarray. As Howe shows, however, the destruction gave rise to creativity. Aristocrats and churchmen rebuilt churches and constructed new ones, competing against each other so that church building, like castle building, acquired its own momentum. Patrons strove to improve ecclesiastical furnishings, liturgy, and spirituality. Schools were constructed to staff the new churches. Moreover, Howe shows that these reform efforts paralleled broader economic, social, and cultural trends in Western Europe including the revival of long-distance trade, the rise of technology, and the emergence of feudal lordship. The result was that by the mid-eleventh century a wealthy, unified, better-organized, better-educated, more spiritually sensitive Latin Church was assuming a leading place in the broader Christian world. "Before the Gregorian Reform" challenges us to rethink the history of the Church and its place in the broader narrative of European history. Compellingly written and generously illustrated, it is a book for all medievalists as well as general readers interested in the Middle Ages and Church history. (Cornell University Press, March 2016)

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"New Developments in Biological and Chemical Terrorism Countermeasures"

New Developments in Biological and Chemical Terrorism Counter Measures

Ronald J. Kendal, Professor of Environmental Toxicology; Steven Presley, Professor of Immuno-toxicology; and Seshadri Ramkumar, Professor of Countermeasures to Biological Threats, all from the Department of Environmental Toxicology, have co-edited the newly published textbook, “New Developments in Biological and Chemical Terrorism Countermeasures.” The volume compiles a decade's worth of research through TTU's Admiral Elmo R. Zumwalt, Jr. National Program for Countermeasures to Biological and Chemical Threats, and updated many changes in the field since an earlier book, “Advances in Biological and Chemical Terrorism Countermeasures,” came out in 2008. “It's not just for college students,” Ramkumar said. “It's a tool for people in the field, from first responders all the way to policy makers.” (CRC Press, February 2016)

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"Psychoanalytic Treatment in Adults: A Longitudinal Study of Change"

Rosemary Cogan Psychoanalytic Treatment of AdultsRosemary Cogan, Adjunct Professor in the Department of Psychological Sciences, is co-author of "Psychonalytic Treatment in Adults: A longitudinal study of change." The book draws from 60 first-hand case studies to explore the outcomes of psychoanalytic treatment, providing examples of the long-term effectiveness of psychoanalytic and psychodynamic work as it delineates negative therapeutic treatment and discusses crucial changes in care. Outcomes of psychoanalysis, as with other psychotherapies, vary considerably. Cogan and her co-author, J.H. Porcerelli, used the Shedler-Westen Assessment Procedure to describe a patient at the beginning of psychoanalysis and every six months until the analysis ended. This allowed the authors to learn about changes over analysis and, in turn, improved treatment planning and practice for the well-being of other patients. Findings will be of interest to researchers and academics in the fields of psychoanalysis, psychotherapy, psychodynamic therapy, psychoanalytic education, psychiatry and psychology, and should also help clinicians recognize potential problems early in analytic treatments in order to work more effectively with patients. (Routeledge, February 2016)

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