JTMTCVPA Guidelines for Tenure and Promotion
For recent changes not posted, contact Brian Steele
- General Criteria
- Standards for Academic Rank
- Standards for Tenure
- Procedures at the School Level
- Procedures at the College Level
- Declaration Form
- Curriculum Vitae Format
The "Talkington Talkington College of Visual and Performing Arts Guidelines for Tenure and Promotion" is one of four documents governing the granting of tenure and promotion of Visual and Performing Arts faculty. The other three documents are:
- the Texas Tech University Tenure Policy, which is currently a supplement to the Faculty Handbook,
- O.P. 32.01, and
- the individual tenure and promotion guidelines and criteria.
- General Procedural Issues.
Promotion and tenure determinations are separate and distinct, but similar standards and procedures apply to both. The only significant difference is the qualifications of unit faculty members voting. For promotions, only those faculty members in a school who hold rank equal to or higher than that of the contemplated promotion may vote. For tenure, only those faculty members holding tenure may vote. These rank and tenure stipulations do not apply to school directors and deans.
Unit guidelines must be consistent with those of the Talkington College of Visual and Performing Arts, and any revisions must be submitted for the approval of the Dean by July 1 with approval complete by September 1 of the year in which they are to be put into effect. Any last-minute amendments to issues of form and presentation will originate in the office of the Provost.
Basic academic unit procedures should identify the nature, composition, and voting status of promotion and tenure committees. Each academic unit shall determine in advance its voting criteria. Procedures must allow for a formal vote of appropriate faculty members in a given promotion and/or tenure decision; faculty votes are unsigned. Voting faculty should be made aware that the ballots and written ballot comments will become part of the dossier. The director and one other individual shall count the ballots and certify in writing as to the vote. School guidelines shall include, for each of the unit's divisions having distinctive means of evaluation, guidelines for ranking creative/research activity which correlate to the 5-point scale in the attachment to OP32.01. Each basic academic unit will also develop specific written standards for promotion to each professorial rank that reflect its mission and, at the same time, meet university criteria.
After the school and the dean have ratified written procedures and standards, the primary responsibility for evaluating individual promotion and tenure requests in terms of those standards will be assigned to the faculty in the academic unit in which the request is made.
A school may be so constituted as to provide insufficient review. In such cases, the director, in consultation with the dean, should seek the advice of an executive committee or other college-wide body, or may appoint an appropriate advisory committee for review of specific cases. If this is done, the composition of the committee and its recommendations must be reported in the dean's recommendation to the Provost / Senior Vice President.
Directors must provide access to relevant documents to any candidate for tenure and promotion. A signed Statement of Access by the candidate stating that he or she has seen these documents or received a copy of the dossier must accompany the promotion and/or tenure dossier.
- General Procedural Issues.
The College and the University view the probationary period for tenure-track faculty as an essential time for determining whether the faculty member will be able to sustain a strong and continuous record of effective teaching, significant research and creative activity, and service to the unit and the profession. Thus, the Talkington College of Visual and Performing Arts normally will not recommend candidates for tenure and promotion to Associate Professor prior to their sixth year of service unless a compelling reason for doing so is advanced by the school and/or the candidate. If a candidate wishes to be considered prior to the end of the normal probationary period, he or she should notify the director, and the director should consult with the Dean. See also, OP32.17, Faculty Appointments and Titles.Faculty members who seek promotion or tenure at a time other than the mandatory (6th) year must declare an intent to do so during the spring semester of the preceding year in order to arrange for responsible preparation and to allow scheduling of committees.
Back to top
Teaching includes an up-to-date knowledge of one's discipline. Evaluation of teaching shall include effectiveness of course content and delivery, student learning outcomes, and demonstration of an up-to-date knowledge of one's the candidate's discipline. In some instances, teaching may be indirect, primarily in support of student learning activities. Faculty members also influence teaching by designing courses and curricula. Textbooks, articles and other contributions to creative pedagogy, and innovative instructional material, including documentation related to service-learning outcomes, may be considered contributions to teaching. Leading students on studies abroad is another contribution to teaching. In addition, faculty members influence teaching in less tangible, but no less decisive, ways through such activities as counseling students.
Detailed and specific evidence of effective teaching shall be included in the dossiers of faculty members being recommended for promotion and tenure. Each department is to apply its documented procedures for peer evaluations of teaching to each tenure-track faculty member at least annually. Candidates for promotion should also be provided peer evaluations of teaching in, at latest, the semester prior to application for promotion. Evidence in the dossier should be limited to a one-page summary of peer evaluations and student evaluations for each year of service since appointment or previous promotion. Depending on schools' individual practices, include only 5-year peer summary of teaching effectiveness, and provide a cross reference to the section containing annual peer evaluations of teaching (location varies according to school). The division head, in consultation with the candidate, shall provide the summary of teaching effectiveness, including involvement in graduate education, as applicable. Faculty colleagues should be asked to evaluate the objectives, methods, and materials of courses designed and/or taught by the individual as part of summative peer evaluation. Evaluation can also include evidence concerning the continuing performance of students taught by the candidate. Charts, graphs, portfolios, and other data may be included in appendices and subsequently removed by the dean before submission to the Provost / Senior Vice President.
- Scholarship: Research and Creative Activity
Faculty are expected to contribute directly to the enhancement and expansion of Texas Tech University's research and creative scholarship. Research and creative activity serve to advance the discipline or the state of the art. Evidence of research and creative activity includes, print or electronic publications, non-print presentations, funded grant applications and reports, patents and other intellectual property, curatorships, and artistic productions and performances. Textbooks and innovative instructional materials having significant value beyond this campus may be considered contributions to research and creative activity.
An individual's dossier should provide substantiating evidence of quality submitted by appropriate observers within and outside the university, such as appraisal of the candidate's books or artistic performances. Outside reviewers who work in the same or a closely related field, and who have an objective expertise to evaluate the faculty member, shall be selected by the director in consultation with the faculty member. Wherever appropriate, at least three of the reviewers should be from TTU's national or international peer institutions or aspirational peer institutions. Candidates must disclose which letters come from reviewers with whom they have a relationship that might raise a potential conflict of interest, such as collaborators, coauthors, former professors, or students. The total number of letters is not restricted.
- Professional Service and Outreach.
Faculty members are expected to make professional contributions through service to the school, college, university, discipline at large, and, as appropriate, to the broader community. These contributions to outreach and engagement may include discipline-related activities in service to the immediate community, to the state and region, and to society at large, as well as service in one's school and across the university as advisers, committee members, task force members, workshop and symposium participants, international development grant participants, and similar roles.
Participation in the activities of professional societies and organizations, especially through service in leadership roles, is a strong indication of professional commitment. Contributions through presentations and consultative services are regarded as further evidence of professional reputation. Such service and activities may include paid (compensated) as well as unpaid work on behalf of the profession.
Standards for Academic Rank
- Assistant Professor: For promotion from the rank of Instructor to Assistant Professor the candidate must have the ability to teach effectively and hold the terminal degree (or its equivalent) as defined by the academic unit as appropriate to the position to be held by the candidate. In addition, the candidate must show promise for growth in teaching, research and/or creative activity, and service.
- Associate Professor: Promotion from Assistant Professor to Associate Professor requires
that the candidate has demonstrated independent creative work and the willingness
to participate as a respected colleague in deliberations concerning the school, college,
and university. These qualities are embodied within
- a demonstrated record of effectiveness as a teacher;
- a record of peer-evaluated publication or creative activity which has contributed to the discipline or field of study, to the candidate's intellectual and artistic development, and to the quality of his or her academic division;
- a record of professional service appropriate to the discipline, the academic unit, and, where possible, the school, college, and/or university; and
- promise for growth in service.
- In addition, candidates are expected to provide significant contributions to the university's graduate programs through such activities as teaching of graduate courses, service on thesis or dissertation committees, or supervising graduate students. Explanation must be provided when circumstances of a candidate's position justify contributions likely to be judged less than "significant."
- Professor: For promotion to the highest academic rank, the candidate's academic achievement
and professional reputation must be superior, and should have resulted in national
recognition. Criteria for appointment of professor include maturity of thinking, demonstrated
ability to communicate and inspire students and less experienced colleagues, continued
respect of colleagues in their field of work, continued professional growth, and potential
for further growth. The candidate is expected to demonstrate a clear and continuing
record of significant involvement in the university's graduate programs through such
activities as teaching of graduate courses, service on thesis or dissertation committees,
or supervising graduate students. This rank can be earned only by a candidate who
has demonstrated continued growth in, and has a cumulative record of, teaching effectiveness,
substantial peer-reviewed publication or creative activity, and professional contributions
Back to top
Standards for Tenure
A favorable tenure decision requires that the candidate have
- a demonstrated record of effectiveness as a teacher;
- a record of peer-evaluated publication or creative activity which has contributed to the discipline or field of study, to the candidate's intellectual and artistic development, and to the quality of his or her academic unit; and
- a record of promise for growth in service.
- In addition, candidates are expected to provide significant contributions to the university's
graduate programs through such activities as teaching of graduate courses, service
on thesis or dissertation committees, or supervising graduate students. Explanation
must be provided when circumstances of a candidate's position justify contributions
likely to be judged less than "significant."
Back to top
Procedures at the School Level
Evaluation at the school level begins in the first year of a tenure-track faculty member's service at Texas Tech and continues annually through the year in which the candidate applies for tenure and/or promotion. The evaluation for tenure and/or promotion is conducted in accordance with the guidelines provided in Part III of this document and in the Talkington College of Visual and Performing Arts "Procedures for the Midterm Review of Faculty in Tenure-Acquiring Positions."
It is the responsibility of the director to notify the faculty of the school deadlines for applying for tenure and promotion. These deadlines must be sufficiently early to permit a thorough evaluation of each candidate's teaching, research, and service achievements and to enable the director to submit a well-organized dossier to the Dean's Office early in October (timing varies annually).
Dossiers for college and university use are submitted electronically in two formats with slight distinctions as described below. Means of dissemination may vary with short advance warning: current practice requires one flash drive with PDF of Provost's dossier and with PDF of TCVPA dossier, plus one hard copy of TCVPA dossier, and originals of external letters of evaluation and all other signatory documents submitted in a tabbed manila folder to be retained in college files. Copy originating from candidate should be presented in 11 or 12 point font; the dossier should be scanned no less than 150 dpi, with all pages reproduced at full scale.
The faculty member bears primary responsibility for preparation of the dossier, with
major assistance to be provided by the school's director. Once the dossier is submitted
for consideration in the academic unit, no further information should be added to
the dossier, other than that required by school and collegiate procedures with regard
to recommendations by review committees, director of the school, and dean.
The version of the dossier to be forwarded ultimately to the Provost should conform to O.P. 32.01. That is, it shall be limited to the format listed in the attachment and should consist of no more than 20 pages, exclusive of all letters, annual reports, and curriculum vitae.The basic form as given in the attachment to OP32.01, and as specified in downloadable TCVPA Section Title Pages, is as follows:
Declaration of OP version, p. 2 of Attachment B to OP 32.01
- Dean's letter (provost constitutes audience):
Describes college procedures for arriving at college committee votes and the dean's recommendation; provides similar elements as in director's letter (below), but with critical review from the dean's perspective and relative to college expectations; and includes citation of notable claims or observations from solicited external letters. Based on evidence, the letter explains any differences from faculty votes and/or director's recommendation.
- Director's letter (audience comprises dean's advisors, dean, and provost):
Describes departmental procedures for voting and states counts for, against, abstaining, and absent on tenure and on promotion votes. Includes explanation of procedures for selection of external letters (primarily selected by director, allowing for faculty member's input). Includes citation of notable claims or observations from solicited external letters, and verifies at least three letter writers' peer institution status. Explains recommendation based on critical review of evidence and referring to conditions of employment, including such factors as quality and outcomes of teaching assignments, outcomes and agenda for scholarship, contributions to professional service with emphasis on any academic engagement activity and outcomes, and summary of annual evaluations and third-year (Midterm) review.
- Vita (with director's ratings of publication or creative activities; these must duplicate ratings provided on annual reports and midterm review, with any discrepancies justified and explained).
- External letters of evaluation solicited on behalf of candidate; writers are selected primarily by the director, allowing for faculty member's input. Letters are preceded by concise biosketches indicating a writer's degree of relationship to the candidate and the writer's qualifications as evaluator. A field of study that tends to be gendered should be so designated in order to explain consequent concentration of letter-writers of a single gender. The usual stipulation is that one page should contain all biosketches; the section should not exceed two pages.
- Basic information (includes letter of appointment and parts 3a-3i, pp. 6-7 of attachment B to OP 32.01) “Nature of Initial Assignment” normally states the usual teaching, research, and service load, but may also describe special assignments such as coordinating a program or directing a center; it specifies any course load reductions instituted as part of the initial assignment.
- Teaching effectiveness.
Statement: one page narrative by faculty member. Student Ratings: Ratings, both qualitative and quantitative, are representative in selection and are limited (together) to one page per year under consideration; director initials or signs each page to verify representative nature of materials provided. NB: if annual peer evaluations are provided at the school level, only the five-year summary account should be presented in the Teaching Effectiveness section; provide cross reference to complete peer evaluations included in the Annual Faculty Reports section.
- Research and creative activities.
Statement: one page narrative by faculty member. Include statement of how startup has been recovered in scholarship activity (if applicable, use ORS % credit to document grant funding) and impact factors such as reviews of work, citation indices, etc. Do not duplicate research section from curriculum vitae.
NB: if annual peer evaluations are provided at the school level, only the five-year summary account should be presented in the Research and Creative Activities section; the complete peer evaluations are included in the Annual Faculty Reports section.
- Service activities.
Statement: one page narrative by faculty member.
NB: if annual peer evaluations of service are provided at the school level, only the five-year summary account should be presented in the Service Activities section; the complete peer evaluations are included in the Annual Faculty Reports section.
- Annual faculty Reports. In chronological order, first year through most recent year, provide Annual Faculty Reports with director's rating of items considered to constitute scholarship, director's Annual assessments, Midterm Review after corresponding year's annual report, and, if available, annual peer evaluations / guidance committee reports. (Midterm Review contains review report, director's letter, ballot report and commentary.)
- Ballot comments, (or statement indicating that no ballot comments were provided).
School and college guidelines will be submitted by the dean of the college and are not included in the individual dossier for the Provost's use: these will be edited into the document at the college.
Pages must be consecutively numbered within all sections (i.e., 1-1, 1-2, 1-3, etc.): correct and complete pagination is essential for the college committee members who must record citations to documents presented electronically in order to discuss issues at the meeting from their notes. The The Provost's version of the dossier can be considered to constitute the master copy. As an appendix to it the following material must be added toTCVPA dossier under a separate section cover sheet, with pages numbered consecutively within sections: Unit procedures governing Tenure and Promotion.
- Scholarship sent for External Review.
Include the best three examples of scholarship sent to external reviews in this appendix, providing clear identification and/or bibliographic information.
- Unit procedures governing Tenure and Promotion.
In addition to the regular sections that constitute the TCVPA dossier, additional numbered appendices can be added to provide any other documentation required by the candidate's school, e.g., copies of publications or creative scholarship. These materials are not provided to the TCVPA.
Table of Contents and section title pages are provided to ease the process and facilitate uniform submissions.
In working with the candidate in preparing the dossier, the chairperson or director should keep the following points in mind:
- A candidate who does not receive a majority vote from the school faculty and/or the support of the director may elect to have his or her dossier sent forward to the Dean's Office. However, in such circumstances the candidate should be made aware of the fundamental importance of peer evaluation and of the need for an exceptionally strong dossier and/or rationale to receive favorable recommendations at the higher levels of review.
- The candidate's dossier should contain a comprehensive summary of peer and student teaching evaluations. The director, who is responsible for compiling it, must sign or initial each page of the summary of student evaluations in order to verify the representative nature of material selected for presentation. If relevant, note any necessary explanatory factors (e.g., compression to cover more than six years' activity, provision of extra pages to document uneven performance ratings, etc.).
- The candidate's dossier should contain evidence of the comparative quality of the publications and/or creative activities of the candidate. This is to be done by the chair rating the outlets in accordance with the guidelines in O.P. 32.01. This rating is to be done on the vita and must duplicate ratings provided on annual reports and midterm review, with any discrepancies justified and explained. Directors and faculty should independently assess the candidate's publications and/or creative activities prior to voting rather than depending only on the reputation of the outlets.
- External letters of recommendation must be solicited by the unit director or designated representative on behalf of the candidate and included in the dossier. Outside reviewers who work in the same or a closely related field, and who have an objective expertise to evaluate the faculty member, shall be selected by the director in consultation with the faculty member. Wherever appropriate, at least three of the reviewers should be from Texas Tech University's national or international peer institutions or aspirational peer institutions (see Downloads for Peer Institution List). Candidates must disclose which letters come from reviewers with whom they have a relationship that might raise a potential conflict of interest, such as collaborators, coauthors, former professors, or students. The total number of letters is not restricted but five or six good letters provide adequate support.
- As OP32.01 implies, external letters that are evaluative in nature provide the strongest case for meaningful external review. Such persons should be asked to comment on the quality of published research or creative activity of a candidate, on service to professional or other organizations, on the candidate's teaching in a visiting capacity in another university, or on relevant matters within their competence to judge. They should not be asked simply "Does this individual merit promotion?" since the definition and application of standards at Texas Tech University are the responsibilities of this university. Respondents should be informed that the letters become a component of the dossier.
- Unit directors should prepare a summary of the qualifications and purpose for selection of each individual from whom a letter has been received. A field of study that tends to be gendered should be so designated in order to explain consequent concentration of letter-writers of a single gender. This information is placed preceding the external letters.
- Ballots should be submitted unsigned by the voting faculty to the director, who, in the presence of one other faculty member of the school, will tally them and record the tally on the form to be forwarded to the Dean's Office. The director will indicate in writing to the Dean the name of the other faculty member who witnessed or assisted in the counting.
- Faculty members should be encouraged to explain fully the reasons for their votes.
These unsigned comments should be typed, rather than handwritten. They are to be collected,
separate from the ballots, and forwarded by the director as an appendix to the TCVPA
Comments must focus on the candidate's professional actions and qualities in the areas of teaching, creative scholarship, and service. Ad hominem remarks are unethical. Venting, especially if aimed at persons other than the candidate, is irrelevant. Hearsay, in particular that involving students, must be treated with extreme caution unless commentary points toward underlying issues that can be examined objectively. Effective commentary, on the other hand, adheres to the school's standards and establishes both timing and context of events or issues. More-credible comments provide or refer to documentation or documentable fact. The college sub-committees examining tenure and promotion are charged to observe guidelines for effective ballot commentary in order to maintain both professional and legal decorum in the decision-making process.
- The Director's letter should clearly state his or her recommendation and the reasons for this recommendation. The letter must indicate who has been consulted, the form of the consultation, the vote of the appropriate faculty member group, and the vote of any unit committee charged with this responsibility. In addition, the director must provide his/her evaluation of the candidate's teaching effectiveness, research and creative activity, and professional service. It is the responsibility of the school to clarify, when appropriate, why the candidate is uniquely qualified for promotion or tenure, i.e., to explain extenuating or compensatory circumstances that are not readily apparent. A copy of this letter must be given to the candidate at the time the dossier is forwarded to the Dean's Office.
- The candidate must have access to the dossier in accordance with school procedures incorporating provisions of the Open Records Act; however, he or she does not have to approve it. Letters of rebuttal from candidates are not accepted as part of the dossier.
- The unit director or designated representative is responsible for ascertaining that
the dossier conforms to the formats required of the college's and provost's dossiers
prior to sending them forward, since no changes are permitted after the college formally
accepts the documents, except that the Provost may require the original ballot tally
sheet; in this case a copy is substituted within the college dossier.
For basic ESSENTIAL information on required forms of the dossier, contents, order, and types of appendices, see Format Checklists Compared. See also final checklists for Candidate, Format Checker, and Administrator of the school.
- The college serves as repository for all signatory documents in the tenure and promotion process. Provide the following original materials in a manila folder: unit evaluation committee report (if relevant), witness to vote count, ballot tally sheet, candidate's verification of having had access to the dossier, director's letter, external letters of reference, etc.
- Any exceptions to these procedures must be documented in writing and conveyed to the
Dean or his/her representative.
The recommendation of the school's director will be provided to the candidate at the time it is forwarded to the dean. Faculty members may request in writing that their dossiers be withdrawn from further consideration, in which case the dossiers will not be forwarded.
Procedures at the College Level
An independent review is conducted during the Talkington College of Visual and Performing Arts' own tenure and promotion deliberations. Directors should inform candidates that this review is not a mere formality. A favorable vote from the school and a favorable recommendation from the director do not guarantee that the ultimate recommendation from the TCVPA, and later from the Graduate Dean, the Provost, and the President to the Board of Regents, will be favorable. Likewise, unfavorable school votes are not always upheld.
At the College level, the Visual and Performing Arts Personnel Actions Committee (PAC) is responsible for making recommendations to the Dean on all tenure and promotion applications. Comprising two members from each of three units (one Associate Professor and one Professor), the Personnel Actions Committee is appointed by the Dean or his/her designee. Committee members do not vote on tenure and promotion applications from their own schools. A Tenure and Promotion sub-Committee is comprised of the four PAC members not from a candidate's home school. A non-voting witness from the home unit, ordinarily that school's most recent "alumnus" PAC member, attends the tenure and promotion meeting but exits prior to the committee's vote; the non-voting member, like voting members, is charged with maintaining complete confidentiality. In cases for promotion to the rank of Professor, the voting sub-Committee shall comprise the two PAC members not from the home unit who hold that rank together with one additional professor assigned ad hoc; all regular sub-Committee members, both Associate and Professor ranks, participate in discussion but those holding Associate rank exit prior to the professorial sub-committee's vote. Following careful deliberations, these sub-Committee take formal votes, which are recorded on the Consideration of Tenure and Promotion Form. The Dean does not vote at this stage.
Tenure and Promotion sub-Committee members rely primarily on the evidence contained in the applicant's dossier. For this reason it is important that the dossier be complete and compiled in a neat, professional manner. The Committee may, however, ask for additional information. Miscellaneous questions may be directed to the non-voting member from the home unit, or to the school's director, who shall remain on call for the duration of scheduled meetings. In all cases in which there is a serious question about the desirability of recommending tenure for a candidate in his or her mandatory year for consideration of tenure, the candidate and the school director will be asked to meet individually with the Committee. At the discretion of the Dean, other individuals may be asked to meet with the Committee as well.
Following the deliberations and decision of the Tenure and Promotion sub-Committee, the Dean makes his/her own independent recommendation. This review is not a mere formality. A favorable recommendation from the director and a favorable vote from the Tenure and Promotion sub-Committee do not guarantee that the Dean's recommendation will be favorable. Likewise, unfavorable votes or recommendations are not always upheld. The Dean of the college will at this point inform the candidate of his/her decision, permitting the candidate to decide whether or not he or she wishes to have the dossier sent on for further evaluation.
The Dean provides to the Provost and Senior Vice President a letter of recommendation for each candidate, including the school's vote, the vote of the college-wide review committee, and the nature of its report and/or a summary record of its deliberations. In addition, the Dean includes copies of unit and college procedures with dossiers sent forward to the office of the Provost.
Any deviations from these procedures must be documented in writing and conveyed to the Provost or his/her representative.
The college presents dossiers to the provost in the manner specified (may vary with short notice). As of June 2015:
- The college submits all dossiers on one flash drive.
- Dossiers are presented in a single, standard PDF.
- A folder for each School contains its faculty dossiers and one copy of its tenure and promotion procedures.
- The flash drive includes one copy of the College tenure and promotion guidelines.
Declaration FormDownload Declaration Form, T&P
Back to top
The TCVPA Tenure & Promotion committee, Provost, President, and Board of Regents know a candidate primarily through presentation of the curriculum vitae (“life's education” or “the course of one's life”). When going up for tenure and promotion, the c.v. must convey relative weights of responsibilities, changes over time, consistency of achievement, and so on.
- Provide a comprehensive record for the period under consideration (last 6 years or time since last promotion), using 11 or 12 point font (limited passages in 10 point font may be incorporated).
- In reverse chronology, provide all important information from annual faculty reports.
- Group like information, e.g., graduate students directed, together providing dates and duration as necessary.
- Summarize record of activity prior to the period under consideration.
- Provide dates and, if relevant, duration for activities, awards, and honors.
- Avoid duplication of items; cross-reference with a “see also...” note if entries might be considered to fall within two categories (e.g. activities related to teaching might be construed as service).
- Personal information, education, and employment history.
- List courses taught, by semester, with number of students
- Service on graduate thesis and/or dissertation committees: itemize and indicate status (in progress, completed, etc.)
- Activities that your school considers to be related to teaching
- Creative / Research.
- (Sub-categories vary according to discipline)
- Unit director will rank by number in accordance with those provided in Annual Faculty Evaluations
- If appropriate note citation indices and impact factors
- In cases of multiple authorship, provide a note or footnote that describes the meaning and weight of order of authorship. Highlight student authors
- Clearly itemize or tabulate any grant proposals and fellowship applications, whether PI or co-PI, whether funded, and amounts by total and percentage