Texas Tech University
TTU HomeDepartment of English Technical Communication & Rhetoric PhD, Technical Communication and Rhetoric

Qualifying Exam

The Qualifying Exam Process

Within a year of completing your coursework, you must take the doctoral qualifying exams and prepare for the dissertation research. Knowledge of the literature of the field is one of the qualifications for conducting research in the field. Your dissertation will have to engage with this literature. Thus, your “qualifying exam” helps to establish and determine your qualifications to proceed to dissertation research. These qualifications involve knowledge of the issues that interest the fields of rhetoric, composition, and technical communication, including achievements and gaps in knowledge. These qualifications also point to a direction for your own research, including mastery of research methods. One of the purposes of preparation for the exams is to launch you into your dissertation research. Thus, you will be examined, in part, over materials related to your dissertation, as well as the materials on your approved reading list.


The typical process follows this timeline:



Reading Lists

Develop and submit to the committee a reading list of 100 books or the equivalent in articles (four articles equal one book), including materials for TCR broadly defined and materials for your area of interest within the field. You may group the items by themes or issues, such as composition pedagogy, history of rhetoric, audience, and visual communication. Some of these books and articles you will have read already in your classes, and some--especially those relating to your dissertation--will likely be new. The topics of these books and articles should include technical communication and rhetoric broadly but also items related to your intended dissertation research and research methods. Your list may incorporate material from your minor, if your minor department does not require its own examination. To make studying for the exams easier, begin compiling your reading list during your coursework, and write a summary of each book or article as you read it for class to study for the qualifying exams.

The committee will discuss with you possible additions and deletions. When the proposal and list are finalized, the chair of the committee will report to the Director of Graduate Studies in Technical Communication and Rhetoric (DGS-TCR). Your reading list needs to be approved by your dissertation committee and the DGS-TCR at least four months before the scheduled exam.

You need to register in advance to take the exam with the Director of Graduate Studies in TCRH.


Preliminary Dissertation Proposal

Although you will refine your dissertation topic as you read for your exams, you should have an idea of the topic and methods when you prepare your reading lists. Consult with your dissertation committee members to define your areas of interest. Note that if you have a minor in another department, that department may require a qualifying exam in the minor area. Based on these discussions with your committee, write a preliminary dissertation proposal of approximately 2500 words. This proposal will identify the problem requiring research, review some of the basic literature regarding the problem, outline goals and methods of research for adding to the knowledge regarding the problem, and include a tentative outline of chapters. The proposal will also explain how the materials on your reading lists relate to your dissertation research and serve as a rationale for the definition of examination fields.

Your preliminary proposal needs to be approved by your dissertation committee and the DGS-TCR at least two months before your exam.


Examination Policy

You must complete all coursework before attempting exams.

Scheduling your Exam

Effective spring 2009, the program will schedule exams on a flexible schedule, which means that instead of rushing to complete milestones as you work towards a date for your quals, your quals will be scheduled as you complete your milestones.  In other words, once your reading list is approved, you can look at a date no earlier than 4 months away for your exam. During these 4 months, you need to work on your preliminary dissertation proposal, which needs to be accepted by your committee no later than 2 months before your exam. If this stage takes a little longer, we will shift your date later. 

Examination Procedures

Examinations will consist of three or four take-home questions to be answered over a four-day period. For example, if you receive your list of take-home exam questions on Thursday at noon, you will be expected to turn in your answers the following Monday at noon. You are encouraged to spend approximately 8-12 hours writing the entire exam, which should have a word count of at least 6000 words for the entire exam.

Your answer to each question should include a works-cited list. Formal citation style applies. Of the questions, two will typically relate specifically to your proposed dissertation topic and might eventually serve as dissertation content: one of these might ask you to theorize your methodology plans, and the other might ask you to elaborate on some theoretical issue that would relate to the literature you hope to command. The other questions may not be as directly related to your dissertation topic: typically you may receive a general question that asks you to demonstrate a broad understanding of the field of technical communication and rhetoric and one that will address an area of the field unrelated to your dissertation topic. (For instance, if your dissertation is in rhetoric of science, you might be asked a question about computers and writing.)

Your advisor will solicit possible exam questions from all committee members and will base the exam questions on this list of suggestions. You might be given a choice of questions in one or more of the areas. You should see the DGS-TCR for sample exams.

In keeping with the standards of the TCR program and the university's policies regarding academic honesty, you are expected to maintain the highest standard of integrity. Any attempt to present as your own any work not honestly performed will be regarded by the faculty and administration as a most serious offense. You may not have your exam copyedited or proofread by a third party. We expect this exam to be composed of original responses to questions written during your exam time.

Post-Exam Meeting

Two weeks after the date of the qualifying exams, a meeting between you and your dissertation committee will be scheduled by the DGS-TCR. At that meeting, you and your committee will discuss your dissertation, including the problem statement, methods of research, and scope.


Satisfactory Performance. When you have passed the qualifying exams and have completed the post-exam meeting with your dissertation committee, the DGS-TCR will recommend to the Graduate Dean that you be admitted to candidacy for the doctorate. You must be admitted to candidacy for the doctorate at least four months prior to the proposed graduation date. Your final dissertation proposal will be due four weeks after this meeting.


Unsatisfactory Performance. If the qualifying exam is not satisfactory, the DGS-TCR will relay this information in writing to the Graduate Dean. Two weeks after the exams, you will meet with your dissertation committee to discuss your performance and to establish a plan for re-taking the exam. You may be permitted to repeat the exam once after a time lapse of at least four months and not more than 12 months from the date of the unsatisfactory examination. Failure to pass the qualifying exam within the specified time will result in dismissal from the program irrespective of performance in other aspects of doctoral study.

Final Dissertation Proposal

Four weeks after your post-exam meeting, your final dissertation proposal will be due to your committee. This proposal, 10,000 words or more, provides a problem statement, literature review, and outline of chapters as well as an overview of research methods. The final proposal serves as the draft for one or more chapters of the dissertation. It also serves as a roadmap that you and your committee should use to track the direction and progress of your developing dissertation.