Encyclopedia of Farm Animal Behavior  Information

Reason for encyclopedia
Who is creating this project?
Where did the definitions came from?
What species are being shown?
How are images selected? NCR-131
What can you do if you do not agree with a behavior?
How to submit images for the encyclopedia?
Permissions for use of images in other presentations
Suggested format for publication citation
System requirements
Past Versions of EFAB
Acknowledgements

Reason for encyclopedia

This encyclopedia is intended for research and teaching. Within the field of applied animal ethology, the study of farm animal behavior, there are widely differing views of what actions constitute a given behavior. The duration of a given behavior might prevent it's inclusion into an ethogram. This encyclopedia will provide a standard for what actions compose a given behavior. 

Who is creating this project?

The Encyclopedia of Farm Animal Behavior is being undertaken by the United States Department of Agriculture, Agriculture Research Service, Southern Plains Area, Livestock Issues Research Unit, Multimedia Division.

Where did the definitions came from?

Reprinted or adapted by permission from Dictionary of Farm Animal Behavior, second edition, by J. F. Hurnik, A. B. Webster, and P.B. Siegel, 1995 by Iowa State University Press, Ames. 

Dr. Frank Hurnik and Iowa State University Press have granted permission for the use of terms from the book Dictionary of Farm Animal Behavior, second edition to be used in this encyclopedia. Without this permission this project would not be at it's present stage.

What species are being shown?

We have started with cattle and pig behavior. Dr. Jack Albright has most kindly provided the raw footage from the video tape "Normal and Abnormal Behavior in Domestic Livestock Used for Research" to use as a starting point in this project.. This footage was funded by National Agricultural Library's Animal Welfare Information Center and done at Purdue University. Images from this source contain a reference. Additional images have been collected by the staff of the USDA-ARS Livestock Issues Research Unit.

How are images selected?

Dr. Julie Morrow, Jeff Dailey and Adam Lewis will select the images to be used for a given behavior and then submit them to the review panel.  Members of NCR-131 Animal Care and Behavior will vote on a given image until the video clip representing the behavior is acceptable. Once a majority of the review panel has agreed to a video clip it will be listed as an approved definition.

Dr. Ted Friend at Texas A&M used the project for a class he taught during the Fall of 2000. His students voted and commented on the behaviors. Hopefully this preliminary review will make the work of the NCR-131 committee easier. 

If an image was accepted by the review panel but not by the authors of Dictionary of Farm Animal Behavior then the definition of the behavior will be changed from that given in Dictionary of Farm Animal Behavior and the reason for the change will be noted.

What can you do if you do not agree with a behavior?

A comment form will be provided. Your comments will be used by the review panel to evaluate images on at least a yearly basis.

How to submit images for the encyclopedia?

We welcome any group or individual to submit images to the project. Please contact Jeff Dailey if you feel you have any examples that might able to be included in the project. A title shot indicating the source of any video footage is included in the video entry. We are currently able to use any format VHS tapes (PAL/NTSC) and NTSC S-VHS tapes. If you feel your format might be a problem please contact us. We will return all tapes submitted to us for use in this project.

Permissions for use of images

The images are in the public domain and are therefore freely available for use. It's suggested that you download any images that you plan to use during a presentation to your computer. 

Suggested format for publication citation

A suggested credit would be: USDA-ARS-Livestock Issues Research Unit. 

A suggested format for publication citation would be: <author's name> <title of document> <<URL>> <date of document> (Accessed <date accessed>). See CITING ONLINE SOURCES: Advice on online citations formats  for more information on this topic. An example would be <http://www.liru.asft.ttu.edu/EFAB/EFABVideo/L10112S.mpg> (Accessed <Feb. 14, 2001>).

System Requirements

The video files presented in this database are in *.MPG format. You will need a web browser that is configured to playback this type of file format. We are presenting files in MPEG format as this is a video standard.

We recommend a Pentium, PowerMac or equivalent system to view the files in the database. A minimum of 16 megabyte of RAM should be present in the system. A direct high speed connection to the Internet is also recommended. An ISDN or greater speed connection is suggested to those browsing the video section of the database.

Every effort will be made to limit the size of the image files. Video files are very large even when compressed. Ten seconds of video can quickly take up over 1 megabyte of space. Please be aware of this. File size will be given beside the video icon for each entry.

All video have been captured at 30 frames per second (FPS). Playback on you system should be at this rate. If your system is not able to playback MPEG files at 30 FPS, be aware that the behavior that you are viewing is not the same as what is taking place in real time. Digital video (DV) quality sound and video is used for most entries. DV allows for high quality images without generation loss.

Some MPEG players have a diagnostics tool. By experimenting with the setting you can ensure that your system is playing the clip back at real speed. Newer systems can play back video in excess of 30 FPS. If you are lucky enough to have this problem turn your MPEG viewer rate control to the ON position.

The speed of your internet connection will play a significant role in how fast a given image will be downloaded. The Internet Connection Speedometer link will calculate your connection speed.

Past Versions of the EFAB Project

Past versions of the EFAB project are not updated or maintained. They are still available for use for a look at the evolution of the project.

Version 3 Notes: The site features a new design, and the addition of search capabilities for both behaviors and definitions. The new database driven site allows for easier correction, and updates of the information presented. The site is now hosted on a faster server and our connection to the Internet has been increased from 10MB/sec to 155MB/sec.

Acknowledgements

The definitions provided by Drs. Hurnik, Webster and Siegel with permission from the Iowa State University Press have provided a needed starting point for the project. Technical assistance for the design and layout has been provided by Dr. Haitao Jiang, Glen Gowen and Yvonne Dailey. 

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EFAB Version 3.0.1  Revised: April 18, 2008


Definitions are from Dictionary of Farm Animal Behavior, second edition,
by J. F. Hurnik, A.B. Webster, and P.B. Siegel, 1995, Iowa State University Press.