NCR-131 Animal Care and Behavior EFAB video inclusion selection form # 4

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1 of 107 ELIMINATIVE BEHAVIOR - Behavior involved in the expulsion of feces or urine from the body or dwelling place. E05919. KeepDelete
2 EMBRYONIC BEHAVIOR - See Prenatal Behavior. E05922. KeepDelete  
3 EMESIS - An act of vomiting E06004. KeepDelete  
4 EMOTION - A state of arousal, referred to as fear, anger, pleasure, joy, etc., associated with specific cognitive processes and characterized by specific behavioral and physiological symptoms E06008. KeepDelete  
5 EMOTIONAL BEHAVIOR - Any behavior that expresses a strong emotion. An animal may become incoherent in its ability to cope with the situation if it experiences a strong emotion. E06009. KeepDelete  
6 ENURESIS - Involuntary urination during extreme emotional experiences or during sleep E06111. KeepDelete  
7 ENVIRONMENT - The total sum of nongenetic factors which interact with the genotype of an organism. Also see specific environment - BARREN; EXTERNAL; INTERNAL. E06112. KeepDelete  
8 ENVIRONMENTAL COMPLEXITY - The diversity and intensity of environmental stimuli relevant to a given organism, age group, species, etc. Environmental complexity may range from very low to very high, and thus be characterized as insufficient, adequate, or excessive. E06113. KeepDelete  
9 ENVIRONMENTAL COMPLEXITY DEPENDENCE - A phenomenon in which the expression of a behavior is affected by environmental complexity, e.g., manifestation of stereotypy, response to novel stimuli E06114. KeepDelete  
10 ENVIRONMENTAL ENRICHMENT - The process or factor which increases the complexity of the environment. E06115. KeepDelete  
11 EPIMELETIC BEHAVIOR - Behavioral activities associated with the provision of attention, care, or help to other individuals. Synonym Care-giving Behavior. E06203. KeepDelete  
12 EPIPHORA - An overflow of tears down the cheek, often due to blockage of the tear ducts that normally direct the flow of tears from the eye down into the nasal cavity. E06207. KeepDelete  
13 EQUILIBRIUM - A state of balance in which opposing forces or tendencies counteract each other. E06214. KeepDelete  
14 ERECTION - A process or state of becoming rigid or elevated. This term commonly refers to swelling of erectile tissues such as the clitoris, nipples, and penis. E06303. KeepDelete  
15 ESCAPE - Speedy departure from a place of aversive or potentially aversive stimulation E06312. KeepDelete  
16 ESTROUS BEHAVIOR - See Estrus. E06316. KeepDelete  
17 ESTROUS PERIOD - The part of the estrous cycle during which sexual behavior is manifested. E06402. KeepDelete  
18 ESTRUS - A temporary state of sexual receptivity in female mammals occurring in coordination with ovulation. Behavioral signs of estrus, which may vary between species, typically include increased motor activity, higher excitability, reduction in feeding time, more frequent urination, presenting toward males or sexually cooperative females, tolerance of bodily contacts, and mounting. The most reliable sign of estrus is standing when mounted. The usual duration of estrus is 2 - 7 days in mares, 8 - 18 hours in cows, 1 - 2 days in ewes, and 1 - 3 days in sows. Also see specific estrus - FALSE; PSYCHOLOGICAL; QUIET; SILENT; SPILT; STANDING; TRUE E06404. KeepDelete  
19 ET-EPIMELETIC BEHAVIOR - A variety of behavioral activities manifested to solicit attention, care, or help from other individuals. Synonym: Care-soliciting Behavior. E06406. KeepDelete  
20 ETHOGRAM - A record of behavioral activities. E06410. KeepDelete  
21 EXCITEMENT - A behavioral state characterized by an elevated level of arousal. Signs of excitement vary among species and different age groups and may include sensory focusing (orienting response), alteration of body posture, immobility, increased respiratory rate and heart beat, approach toward or retreat from the cause of excitement, emission or suppression of vocal signals and, in some circumstances, threat, attack or display of frustration. E06511. KeepDelete  
22 EXCRETA - Residue of digestive and metabolic processes excreted from the body. E06513. KeepDelete  
23 EXERCISE - Activity, often repetitive, that provides a psychophysiological challenge to an animal and promotes its maintenance and development. The activity may be rewarding to the animal in itself. E06515. KeepDelete  
24 EXHALATION - Expiration of air together with airborne substances. Antonym: Inhalation. E06601. KeepDelete  
25 EXHAUSTION - A state of extreme fatigue. E06602. KeepDelete  
26 EXOGENOUS STIMULATION - Stimulation arising from events occurring outside an organism's body. E06605. KeepDelete  
27 of 107 EXPIRATION - A segment of the respiration cycle characterized by contraction of the chest and lungs causing expulsion of air. E06613. KeepDelete  
28 EXPLORATORY BEHAVIOR - Behavior characteristically manifested during exposure to novel environments. The activities involved are usually increased overall alertness, sensory focusing, and locomotion accompanied by investigation. E06701. KeepDelete  
29 EXPRESSIVE MOVEMENT - See Expression. E06703. KeepDelete  
30 EXPRESSION - An observable sign(s) indicative of some ongoing internal process. E06702. KeepDelete  
31 EXTENDING, NECK - See Neck Extending. E06705. KeepDelete  
32 EXTENSION - In a behavioral sense, straightening movement of an organism (or limb of an organism) which increases the angle between two segments of a joint. Antonym: Flexion. E06706. KeepDelete  
33 EXTENSION (horse) - Exaggerated forward movement of the legs in horse gaits. E06707. KeepDelete  
34 EXTERIOR - Situated on the outside, or toward the outside. E06711. KeepDelete  
35 EXTINCTION - Suppression of a conditioned response by dissociation of reinforcement with the response, replacement of positive reinforcement with negative reinforcement (or vice versa) or establishment of an alternate conditioning regime in the same stimulus context. E06717. KeepDelete  
36 EXTRINSIC BEHAVIOR - Behavior which does not have a specific response mechanism and can be performed in various ways. E06801. KeepDelete  
37 EYE - A sensory organ specialized to receive and process light waves and transmit visual signals to the brain. The principal receptors are rods for scotopic vision and cones for photopic vision. E06803. KeepDelete  
38 FACILITATION - A process or action by which something is made easier or more convenient. F06806. KeepDelete  
39 FAINTING - A temporary loss of consciousness. Fainting can occasionally occur in young stallions during initial copulatory experiences. F06810. KeepDelete  
40 FARROWING (swine) - The process of parturition F06815. KeepDelete  
41 FARROWING CRATE - See Crate. F06901. KeepDelete  
42 FARROWING HYSTERIA - Parturient psychosis in swine. F06902. KeepDelete  
43 FATIGUE - The condition of being very tired and having reduced ability as a result of exertion or lack of rest. Also see specific fatigue, AGE LAYER MUSCLE. F06905. KeepDelete  
44 FEAR - An emotion caused by perception of danger. Behavioral symptoms of fear may include temporary immobility, hiding, escape, attack, urination, defecation, increased heart rate, etc. Also see specific fear - CONDITIONED. F06908. KeepDelete  
45 FEATHER PECKING (poultry) - Any pecking of the plumage, regardless of whether it is conducted by the bird itself or by another bird(s). Excessive feather pecking can cause structural damage to the plumage, and may be an indication of frustration or inadequacy of flock management. F06909. KeepDelete  
46 FEEDING - Delivery of feed to animals. Also see specific feeding - CONTROLLED; FORCED; INTRAVENOUS; LIMITED; RESTRICTED. F06915. KeepDelete  
47 FEIGNING BEHAVIOR - Behavior performed in an attempt to deceive (e.g., feigning of injury by a bird to distract a predator from its nest), F06917. KeepDelete  
48 FEMALE TENDING - See Guarding. F06921. KeepDelete  
49 FEMINIZATION - Acquisition of female behavioral or body conformational characteristics by a male. F07001. KeepDelete  
50 FETICIDE - Killing of fetuses; induced abortion. Male harassment of pregnant females that have been inseminated by other males, apparently to cause abortion (natural feticide) and thus reduce the genetic fitness of rival sires, has been observed. Natural feticide has been suggested to occur fairly commonly in wild or feral horses. F07009. KeepDelete  
51 FETLOCK - The area around the joint between the metatarsal hone and the first phalanx. F07010. KeepDelete  
52 FIGHT - An aggressive social interaction involving interchange of forceful or potentially harmful actions, generally through some means of physical contact. Habitual fighting is considered to be a dangerous vice. F07015. KeepDelete  
53 FIGHTING STANCE (chicken) - A postural display indicative of readiness to attack and characterized by lowered head, extended neck, raised hackles, slightly spread wings in trailing position, and body positioned for a leap. F07016. KeepDelete  
54 of 107 FIGURE EIGHT (horse) - A dressage maneuver in which the horse follows two joint voltes or two circles, changing the direction of the circular path at the point where the voltes or circles join. F07017. KeepDelete  
55 FILIAL - Pertaining to offspring or to the generation of offspring as a whole. F07018. KeepDelete  
56 FILIAL BEHAVIOR - Behavior characteristic of the relationship of offspring to parents, particularly behavior that induces parental assistance and cooperation, or requires parental leadership or parental training of offspring. F07019. KeepDelete  
57 FILLY (horse) - A young female horse. F07102. KeepDelete  
58 FIVE-GAITED - A horse trained to execute five gaits (walk, trot, canter, slow gait, and rack) mainly for showing. In the American Saddlebred horse, five-gaited horses can be distinguished from three-gaited horses by their flowing manes. Compare: Three-gaited. F07110. KeepDelete  
59 FIXED ACTION PATTERN - Any action pattern typical of a given species or breed that is performed in a very similar way by its individual members. In contemporary ethology, the term fixed action pattern often is replaced by modal action pattern because of inevitable individual variations in behavior. F07112. KeepDelete  
60 FLAPPING, EAR - See Ear Flapping. F07201. KeepDelete  
61 FLEECE PULLING (sheep) - An abnormal form of ingestive behavior manifested as pulling, tearing, and swallowing of the fleece of peers. F07205. KeepDelete  
62 FLEHMEN - See Lip-curling. F07206. KeepDelete  
63 FLEXION - Bending movement of an organism (or limb of an organism) that reduces the angle between the segments of a joint. Antonym : Extension. F07208. KeepDelete  
64 FLICKING, EAR - See Ear Flicking. F07211. KeepDelete  
65 FLIGHT DISTANCE - The critical distance at which an organism will make an escape response upon the approach of another organism or object. F07213. KeepDelete  
66 FLIGHT REACTION - Swift escape when an object perceived to be dangerous emerges within the limit of critical distance to the reacting organism. F07214. KeepDelete  
67 FLIP-OVER (chicken) - Sudden death syndrome in broilers apparently caused by heart failure. It occurs usually after the third week of life and most often affects fast growing individuals. Dead birds typically are found lying on their backs. (colloquial term) F07215. KeepDelete  
68 FLOCK - A socially coordinated group of birds or sheep. F07216. KeepDelete  
69 FLOCKING - The formation and maintenance of socially coordinated groups in birds and sheep. Compare: Aggregation. F07217. KeepDelete  
70 FLYING - Locomotion of an airborn organism in which lift and thrust derive from the action of wings. F07221. KeepDelete  
71 FOALING (horse) - Natural parturition in horses. F07301. KeepDelete  
72 FOCAL ANIMAL - An animal that is chosen as the subject of behavioral observation while it remains in its group. The behavior of group members other than the focal animal is not recorded F07302. KeepDelete  
73 FOLLOWERSHIP - A tendency by group members to accept control of their actions and direction of their behavior by others. F07304. KeepDelete  
74 FOLLOWING RESPONSE - A response of an organism to the movement of another organism or object whereby the former travels at some relatively proximate distance behind the latter. F07305. KeepDelete  
75 FOOD CALLING (chicken) - See Tidbitting. F07307. KeepDelete  
76 FOOD-RUNNING (poultry) - Distinctive rapid locomotion most frequently displayed by young birds in the presence of their peers after grasping worms or worm-shaped objects with their beaks. A bird running with such an object in its beak is followed by peers who attempt to steal the object. F07308. KeepDelete  
77 FOOD SELECTION - Preferential (and often species-specific) consumption of certain foods. Animals can be subdivided into herbivores, carnivores, and omnivores, according to the type of food consumed, and into specialists and generalists, according to the range of food consumed. F07309. KeepDelete  
78 FOOTROT - A disease occurring most often in sheep, hut also in cattle and pigs. Behavioral symptoms are progressive lameness and swelling above the coronet followed by an odorous discharge from the affected areas. F07311. KeepDelete  
79 FORAGING BEHAVIOR - Behavior involving search for and intake of food. F07314. KeepDelete  
80 FORCED COPULATION - Copulation after an unsuccessful attempt by a female to avoid mounting and intromission. In feral horses a stallion performing a forced copulation is occasionally aided by female members of his harem who actively prevent the avoidance or escape of the target female. F07315. KeepDelete  
81 of 107 FORCED FEEDING - Any artificially induced delivery of feed into an organism's digestive tract. F07316. KeepDelete  
82 FORGING (horse) - Defective leg action when the hoof of the hindleg hits the foreleg on the same side of the body. F07402. KeepDelete  
83 FOSTERING - Promotion of growth and development In a behavioral sense, the term refers to epimeletic behavior toward alien young, enabling their survival. F07407. KeepDelete  
84 FOUNDER - To go lame or become unable to walk due to some physical disorder, such as laminitis. (colloquial term). F07408. KeepDelete  
85 FOWL - Poultry and related wild species of birds. F07410. KeepDelete  
86 FOX HUNTING (horse) - A popular cross-country horseback recreational activity. F07413. KeepDelete  
87 FOX-TROT (horse) - A medium speed (8 - 11 km((hr)) four-beat gait comfortable for the rider. The diagonal legs are raised at the same time, but the forehoof contacts the ground before the hindhoof. F07414. KeepDelete  
88 FREE-CHOICE - A type of feeding in which an animal is free to choose among two or more alternatives. F07419. KeepDelete  
89 FREE GOING (horse) - A horse that performs a gait in an easy and seemingly effortless manner. F07502. KeepDelete  
90 FREE-LEGGED PACER (horse) - See Natural Pacer. F07503. KeepDelete  
91 FREE STALL - A stall within a housing unit which animals can enter and exit freely. Free stalls are commonly part of loose housing systems for dairy cows. F07507. KeepDelete  
92 FREEZING BEHAVIOR - Adoption of a fixed, immobile stance. Freezing may be manifested by animals that perceive dangers and may be related to this. It also may be shown by predators hunting prey. In either case, the behavior is thought to render an animal less susceptible to detection. F07508. KeepDelete  
93 FRESH - Referring to a postpartum cow. (colloquial term) F07509. KeepDelete  
94 FRESHEN (cattle) - Parturition and commencement of lactation. (colloquial term) F07510. KeepDelete  
95 FROG POSTURE - Full or partial extension of both hind legs forward along the sides of the recumbent body. In cattle and horses, frog posture is an indicator of hip dislocation, rupture of the adductor muscles, or paralysis of the obturator nerve. F07511. KeepDelete  
96 FROLICKING - A form of play behavior, observed particularly in young animals and often in a social context. F07512. KeepDelete  
97 FRONTAL - Referring to or located in the forehead. F07513. KeepDelete  
98 FRUSTRATION - A theoretical concept referring to a condition that is produced hen an organism is blocked in its attempts to achieve a goal. Behavioral symptoms of frustration vary among species and may include elevated levels of pacing, grooming, preening, pawing, vocalization, and aggression. Sustained frustration promotes development of stereotypy or apathy. F07515. KeepDelete  
99 FULL-PASS (horse) - An artificial maneuver in which the horse moves sideways in a direction 90 degrees from its median plane. Compare: Half-pass. F07516. KeepDelete  
100 FUNCTION - In a behavioral context, that which is accomplished by a given action. In a statistical sense, a function mathematically defines the relationship between two or more variables. F07517. KeepDelete  
101 FUNCTIONAL UNIT - A molar category subsuming behavioral actions that serve a common purpose, but may be performed in a different way. For example, a functional unit identified as "eating" may include intake of roughage, chopped roughage, mixed diet, concentrates etc., each such form of feed being consumed in a slightly different way. F07601. KeepDelete  
102 GABBLING (geese) - One of the vocalizations of geese, consisting of repeated short, cackling sounds and most typically produced when encountering familiar peers. G07603. KeepDelete  
103 GAIT - Action of the legs during locomotion. Also see specific gait - DIAGONAL; LATERAL. G07605. KeepDelete  
104 GALLOP - The fastest naturally developed gait. The leg movement is similar to the canter, except the diagonal beat is extended so the forehoof hits the ground slightly later than the hindhoof and the phase of total suspension in the air is longer (a fast gallop is a distinctly four-heat gait). G07606. KeepDelete  
105 GAMBOLING - Bouncing and turning, seemingly stiff-legged, in the air. Gamboling can be observed mainly in the young playing sheep and to a lesser degree in goats. G07608. KeepDelete  
106 GANDER - A mature male goose G07610. KeepDelete  
107 GASPING - Difficult breathing characterized by abrupt and often great effort in drawing breath. G07614. KeepDelete