the state of knowing: knowledge as distinguished from ignorance
or misunderstanding. 2a: a department of systematized knowledge
as an object of study. 2b: something that may be studied
or learned like systematized knowledge.
science of humanity, a social science.
branch of Anthropology. It is the study of human cultures
by analyzing material remains - artifacts and sites.
ultimate goal of the archaeologist is to understand the relationship
between a particular culture and its environment through time.
It takes many pieces of archaeological data to shape this picture.
Methods used to reach these goals is the process of science: observation
and questioning, hypothesis formulation, description and recording
of data, sorting and classifying data, analysis, and formulating
conclusions. It encourages the use of problem-solving and critical
thinking skills and strategies.
is also an integral part of the process. The preciseness of archaeology
demands the skills of measuring, computation, setting up grids,
plotting coordinates, graphing, mapping, and knowledge and use
of the metric system.
more precise the data collection, the better able we are to tell
the stories of who we are.
Lake contains an archaeological record unique in North America,
recording the entire span of human occupation from the earliest
(Clovis) hunters and gatherers up to and including Anglo-European
settlers and the modern economic development of the area. Moreover,
this cultural record is stratified, well-dated, and has similarly
complete and complementary geologic and natural history records.
The geologic and natural history data record both local and regional
environmental changes beginning with the cooler, wetter, less
seasonal contrasts of the latest Pleistocene that evolved into
the drier and warmer continental conditions of the Holocene. The
interdisciplinary nature of the data gathered from Lubbock Lake
permits the coordination of these environmental changes with the
cultural record so that man's adaptation to the environment can
be monitored throughout the record.