Lake Landmark is an archaeological and natural history preserve
containing evidence of peoples on the Southern High Plains for almost
12,000 years. Due to its nearly complete record of human activity,
the Lubbock Lake Landmark is one of the most important archaeological
sites in North America.
an archaeological preserve, the Landmark is government-protected
from destruction due to widespread population growth, urbanization,
and vandalism. According to the Office of the Texas State Archaeologist,
over 6,000 Texas sites fall victim to some sort of disturbance every
year, and only a handful receive professional attention.
are archaeological sites important?
An archaeological site is any area that has an indication of activity
by peoples of the past. An archaeological site represents a piece
of cultural and natural heritage of a region and the nation. Through
survey and excavation, scientists attempt to reconstruct the ways
in which people lived and adapted to their surroundings. Archaeologists
study artifacts (objects made and modified for use by people) as
well as plant, animal, and geologic specimens from excavations that
might reveal information about the ways past peoples lived. Archaeology
is important for the knowledge it unearths of societies and peoples
unknown to today's population, past climates, and the natural history
of a region. The placement, or context, in which archaeological
evidence is found is very important for interpretation. When archaeological
context is disturbed by people or natural means, information becomes
irretrievable for scholars and ultimately for everyone.
Steps to Stewardship
Leave everything where you found it. Take only pictures or videos.
2. Make a map of your discovery and locate it on an official map.
3. Talk to elders, learning more history.
4. Call an archaeologist to officially record your discovery and
to protect it.
5. Visit the place often to keep a watchful eye on it and report
any damage. (Note: you should never approach someone you see collecting
artifacts or excavating sites. The best thing to do is record
information - their physical description, the license number of
their vehicle, and what they were seen doing, and report them
to law enforcement officials.