TEKS Correlations

The lessons contained on this web site incorporate some of the knowledge and skills requirements as recommended in the Texas Essential Knowledge and Skills (TEKS) for grades four through seven in science, social studies, mathematics, and language arts.

Lessons may easily be adapted to cover additional grade levels.

TEKS are listed on the left hand side of the page for each lesson.




Archaeology is the study of humans and their relationship to changing environments. A sub-discipline of anthropology, archaeology is a social science that uses scientific methodologies to gather data and form conclusions.

History Underfoot examines how archaeological investigation and excavation can be used to establish, reaffirm, and relate the story of our collective past. This curriculum and its electronic component is designed to take students beyond the excavation into the world of the archaeologist, posing questions and using scientific and historical research to answer them, building the histories of the many peoples and diverse cultures of the past and present.

The lessons detailed here are targeted for grades four through seven, but may be easily adapted for younger or older students.

The following lessons may be used together or as individual units. We strongly suggest that the lessons in the section on Archaeological Processes be incorporated together, as they represent the full scope of research, and each component is necessary to fully understand the science of archaeology.

Archaeological Processes

Step 1: Question/Hypothesize Lesson
Step 2: Survey Lesson
Step 3: Excavation Lesson
Step 4: Screening Lesson
Step 5: Object and Artifact Preservation Lesson
Step 6: Cataloging Lesson
Step 7: Analysis Lesson
Step 8: Reporting Lesson

Archaeological Ethics Lesson


Sediments & Soils Lesson

Cultural History

Folk Arts Lesson
Natural Resources Use Lesson
Technology Lesson
Communication Lesson
Travel and Trade Lesson