The Lubbock Lake Landmark is an archaeological preserve
containing evidence of peoples on the Southern High Plains for almost
12,000 years. Due to its nearly complete record of human activity
within well-stratified and well-dated geological deposits, the Lubbock
Lake Landmark is one of the most important archaeological sites
in North America.
An archaeological site is any area that has an indication of activity
by peoples of the past.
An archaeological site represents a piece of cultural
and natural heritage of a region and the nation. Through survey
and excavation, researchers attempt to reconstruct the ways in which
people lived and adapted to their surroundings. Researchers study
artifacts (objects made and modified for use by people) as well
as plant, animal, and geologic specimens from excavations that might
reveal information about the ways past peoples lived within the
past landscapes and natural history.
Archaeology is important for the knowledge it unearths
of societies and peoples unknown to today's population, past climates,
and the natural history of a region. The placement, or context,
in which archaeological evidence is found is very important for
interpretation. When archaeological context is disturbed by people
or natural means, information becomes irretrievable for scholars
and ultimately for everyone.
As an archaeological preserve, the Landmark is government-protected
from destruction due to widespread population growth, urbanization,
and vandalism. According to the Office of the Texas State Archaeologist,
over 6,000 Texas sites fall victim to some sort of disturbance every
year, and only a handful receive professional attention.