Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry

Horn Professor Richard A. Bartsch, Chairperson.

Horn Professors Dasgupta, Knaff, and Shine; Professors Gellene, Holwerda, Nes, Quitevis, Redington and Roundhill; Associate Professors Birney, Bornhop, Casadonte, Flowers, Harman, Headley, Korzeniewski, Marx, Shelly, and Whittlesey; Assistant Professors Blake, Li, Paré, Poirier, and Shaw; Joint Faculty: Karlsson, Menzel, and Reid

This department supervises the following degree programs: CHEMISTRY, Bachelor of Arts or Bachelor of Science, Master of Science, and Doctor of Philosophy; BIOCHEMISTRY, Bachelor of Arts or Bachelor of Science; and BIOTECHNOLOGY, Master of Science. Those students seeking graduate degrees may specialize in analytical, inorganic, organic, or physical chemistry, chemical education, chemical physics, or biochemistry.

The Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry offers four undergraduate degree programs in chemistry and biochemistry. The Bachelor of Science degree programs are most appropriate for students who plan to pursue a professional, research-based career in chemistry or biochemistry. The Bachelor of Arts options provide a strong undergraduate background in the central sciences of chemistry and biochemistry as preparation for other objectives such as health-related professional schools, teaching, or sales. The Undergraduate Advisor assists students in selecting courses, fulfilling degree requirements, and with career counseling. The Department offers honors-level courses to qualified students (admitted to the Honors College) in both general and organic chemistry. Highly motivated undergraduate chemistry or biochemistry majors are strongly encouraged to complete an individual research project under the supervision of a faculty member. Undergraduate research students gain a working knowledge of research methods in a specialized area and familiarity with a wide range of instrumentation and techniques. The Department has a very active chapter of the Student Affiliates of the American Chemical Society.

Chemistry Minor. Students interested in a chemistry minor should consult with the departmental minor advisor. The chemistry minor requires a minimum of 19 chemistry credit hours, including at least 4 laboratory hours. Core requirements include CHEM 1307, 1107, 1308, 1108, 2305 and 2105. Chemistry minors must also complete a minimum of 6 junior-senior level hours (chemistry or biochemistry) and one additional laboratory hour (sophomore-level or higher). Note that CHEM 2000, 2103, 2303, 3000, 3402 and 4100 may not be counted towards a chemistry minor.

Chemistry. The undergraduate student may take courses leading to a Bachelor of Arts or a Bachelor of Science degree in chemistry. Either program offers a wide choice of minor subjects in Arts and Sciences or other colleges. Consult the Undergraduate Advisor prior to registration for a particular minor program.

The Bachelor of Science degree prepares a student for graduate school or a career as a professional chemist. This degree program is technically oriented, requiring greater depth of mathematics, physics, and chemistry than does the Bachelor of Arts degree. With a heavier chemistry requirement in the B.S. degree program, the student has fewer elective courses for other interests. Completion of the B.S. curriculum leads to automatic American Chemical Society certification of a student as the recipient of a professional degree.

Chemistry Curriculum, B.S. Degree.

FIRST YEAR
Fall Spring
CHEM 1307, Prin. of Chem. I 3 CHEM 1308, Prin. of Chem. II 3
CHEM 1107, Prin. of Chem. I (Lab.) 1 CHEM 1108, Prin. of Chem. II (Lab.) 1
ENGL 1301, Ess. Coll. Rhetoric 3 ENGL 1302, Adv. Coll. Rhetoric 3
American History 3 American History 3
*MATH 1351, Calculus I 3 MATH 1352, Calculus II 3
Personal Fitness and Wellness 1 Personal Fitness and Wellness 1
Visual or Performing Arts Elective 3 Oral Communication 3
17 17
SECOND YEAR
Fall Spring
CHEM 2305, Org. Chem. I 3 CHEM 2306, Org. Chem. II 3
CHEM 2105, Org. Chem. Lab. I 1 CHEM 2106, Org. Chem. Lab. II 1
CHEM 3301, Desc. Inorg. Chem. 3 CHEM 3351, Analytical Chemistry 3
MATH 2350, Calculus III 3 CHEM 3251, Analytical Chem. Lab. 2
PHYS 1308, Prin. of Physics I 3 PHYS 2301, Prin. of Physics II 3
PHYS 1105, Prin. of Phys. I (Lab.) 1 PHYS 1106, Prin. of Phys. II (Lab.) 1
English 3 Minor 3-4
17 16-17
THIRD YEAR
Fall Spring
CHEM 3201, Adv. Org. Chem. Lab. 2 CHEM 3308, Phys. Chem. II 3
CHEM 3307, Phys. Chem. I 3 CHEM 3108, Phys. Chem. Lab. II 1
CHEM 3107, Phys. Chem. Lab. I 1 CHEM 4314, Instrumental Analysis 3
Foreign Language 5 CHEM 4114, Instrumental Laboratory 1
POLS 1301, Amer. Govt., Org. 3 Foreign Language 5
Minor 3-4 POLS 2302, Amer. Pub. Pol. 3
17-18 16
FOURTH YEAR
Fall Spring
CHEM 4303, Mol. Biochem. 3 CHEM 4309, Inorg. Chem. II 3
Minor 3 CHEM 4105, Inorg. Chem. Lab 1
English 3 Humanities Elective 3
+Senior Elective 3-6 Social or Behavioral Science Elective 3
Foreign Language 3 +Senior Elective 0-3
15-18 Foreign Language 3
Minor 0-3
13-19

*Adequate training in algebra, trigonometry, and analytic geometry is a prerequisite for calculus. The student in doubt about which mathematics courses to take in the first year should take the Mathematics Placement Examination.

+Six elective hours chosen from CHEM 4000 (3 hours), 4010 (3 hours), 4302, 4310 or with consent of the Undergraduate Advisor.

Select from Arts and Sciences General Degree Requirements.

Chemistry Curriculum, B.A. Degree.

This curriculum is primarily designed for the student who is interested in using an undergraduate major in chemistry as the background for a career in such fields as medicine, dentistry, environmental protection, clinical and pharmacological chemistry, technical sales, and chemical patent law, where extensive training in chemistry is either valuable or essential. It may also provide a sufficient background in chemistry for employment as a chemist in an industrial laboratory or to enter a graduate program leading to the M.S. or Ph.D. degree in chemistry.

CHEM 1307, 1308 (or 1301, 1307, 1308), 1107, 1108, -- 34 hours

MATH 1350 (if needed), 1351, 1352 -- 6 hours

PHYS 1306, 1307 (or 1308, 2301) and 1103, 1104 (or 1105, 1106)-- 8 hours

English -- 12 hours

American History -- 6 hours

POLS 1301, 2302 -- 6 hours

Social and Behavioral Sciences -- 6 hours

Humanities -- 6 hours

Oral Communication -- 3 hours

Visual and Performing Arts -- 6 hours

Foreign Language -- 6-16 hours

Personal Fitness and Wellness -- 2 hours

All students in the College of Arts and Sciences must complete 125-132 total credit hours for graduation, including minor and free elective courses not listed above.

Biochemistry. Both the Bachelor of Science and Bachelor of Arts degree programs in biochemistry have a common objective of providing general education and training in the chemical aspects of biological systems through a combination of course work in biochemistry, chemistry, and biology.

Biochemistry Curriculum, B.S. Degree. This degree program will prepare an undergraduate student for graduate study in biochemistry and related disciplines, for entry into medical or dental school, or for employment in industrial or governmental laboratories in which graduate training is not required. A biology minor may be earned by completing one biology course in addition to those required for the B.S. Biochemistry degree (see the biology undergraduate advisor for specific requirements).

FIRST YEAR
Fall Spring
CHEM 1307, Prin. of Chem. I 3 CHEM 1308, Prin. of Chem. II 3
CHEM 1107, Prin. of Chem. I (Lab.) 1 CHEM 1108, Prin. of Chem. II (Lab.) 1
BIOL 1403, Biology I 4 BIOL 1404, Biology II 4
ENGL 1301, Ess. Coll. Rhetoric 3 ENGL 1302, Adv. Coll. Rhetoric 3
American History 3 American History 3
*MATH 1351, Calculus I 3 MATH 1352, Calculus II 3
Physical Fitness and Wellness 1 Physical Fitness and Wellness 1
18 18
SECOND YEAR
Fall Spring
CHEM 2305, Org. Chem. I 3 CHEM 2306, Org. Chem. II 3
CHEM 2105, Org. Chem. Lab. I 1 CHEM 2106, Org. Chem. Lab. II 1
BIOL 3416, Genetics 4 CHEM 3351, Analytical Chemistry 3
PHYS 1308, Prin. of Physics I 3 CHEM 3251, Analytical Chem. Lab. 2
PHYS 1105, Prin. of Phys. I (Lab.) 1 PHYS 2301, Prin. of Phys. II 3
Foreign Language 5 PHYS 1106, Prin. of Phys. II (Lab.) 1
17 Foreign Language 5
18
THIRD YEAR
Fall Spring
CHEM 3311, Biol. Chem I 3 CHEM 3312, Biol. Chem. II 3
MBIO 3401, Prin. of Micro. 4 CHEM 3313, Biol. Chem. Lab. 3
English 3 CHEM 3314, Biol. Chem. III 3
POLS 1301, Amer. Govt., Org. 3 POLS 2302, Amer. Pub. Pol. 3
Foreign Language 3 Foreign Language 3
16 15
FOURTH YEAR
Fall Spring
CHEM 4311, Phys. Chem. Biol. Sci. 3 CHEM 4314, Instrumental Analysis 3
Social/Behavioral Science Elective 3 CHEM 4114, Instrumental Laboratory 1
Visual/Performing Arts Elective 3 CHEM 4312, Physical Biochemistry 3
Oral Communication 3 Humanities Elective 3
+Senior Elective 3-4 English 3
15-16 +Senior Elective 3-4
16-17

*Adequate training in algebra, trigonometry, and analytic geometry is a prerequisite for calculus. The student in doubt about which mathematics courses to take in the first year should take the Mathematics Placement Examination.

+Course chosen from CHEM 4000 (3 hours), 4010 (3 hours), MBIO 4402, BIOL 3320, 4320, ZOOL 3405 or with consent of the Undergraduate Advisor.

Select from Arts and Sciences General Degree Requirements.

Biochemistry Curriculum, B.A. Degree. This curriculum is primarily designed to prepare an undergraduate student for entry into medical school (admission requirements for Texas medical schools are satisfied) or other medically-related professional schools. B.A. Biochemistry graduates are also qualified for industrial employment in areas where a strong biochemistry background is an asset, such as technical sales or management. The B.A. degree provides sufficient background in biochemistry and chemistry for admission to a graduate program in biochemistry.

CHEM 1307, 1308 (or 1301, 1307, 1308), 1107, 1108, -- 39 hours

BIOL 1403, 1404, 3320, 3416 -- 15 hours

MATH 1350 (if needed), 1351, 1352 -- 6 hours

PHYS 1306, 1307 (or 1308, 2301) and 1103, 1104 (or 1105, -- 8 hours

1106)

English -- 12 hours

American History -- 6 hours

POLS 1301, 2302 -- 6 hours

Social and Behavioral Sciences -- 6 hours

Humanities -- 6 hours

Oral Communication -- 3 hours

Visual and Performing Arts -- 6 hours

Foreign Language -- 6-16 hours

Personal Fitness and Wellness -- 2 hours

All students in the College of Arts and Sciences must complete 125-132 total credit hours for graduation, including minor and free elective courses not listed above.

Residency Requirements. The Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry generally accepts transfer credits from other colleges and universities. However, to receive an undergraduate degree in either chemistry or biochemistry at least 25 percent of the hours in the major must be taken at Texas Tech. For a chemistry minor, at least one of the junior-senior level courses must be taken at Texas Tech.

Advanced Standing. The Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry will permit a student to receive credit for any courses in the curriculum if proficiency is demonstrated in that area by examination. Examinations for CHEM 1305, 1306, 1307, and 1308 are given at the Testing Center prior to each semester. Advance registration is recommended but not required for students entering Texas Tech for the first time. Students who are currently enrolled must apply to the Arts and Sciences Deans' Office for approval to take the examination. For all other courses, it will be the student's responsibility to obtain approval from the Arts and Sciences Deans' Office and to petition the Department Chairperson for such examination(s) well before normal enrollment in the course. There is a fee for the CLEP test.

Teacher Education. Students seeking a teaching certificate in chemistry are expected to earn a bachelor's degree (B.A. or B.S.) with a major in either chemistry or biochemistry. College of Education requirements for certification in chemistry and science are described in the "Teacher Education" section of this catalog.

Chemistry Placement Examination. Students wishing to enroll in first-semester, quantitative general chemistry (CHEM 1307) must first complete CHEM 1301 or pass the Chemistry Placement Examination, administered at the start of each semester. Please consult the Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry website <http://www.ttu.edu/~chem> for the schedule of examination dates, times and locations. A sample placement exam with key may be found at this site. Previous registration for this examination is not required. There is no fee for this examination. Students are strongly encouraged to thoroughly review high school-level chemistry concepts and skills prior to attempting the Chemistry Placement Examination.

Courses in Chemistry. (CHEM)

1105. Experimental General Chemistry I (Laboratory) (1:0:3). At the time of registration the student must be registered (or have credit) for CHEM 1305. This course is designed to introduce the student to a variety of laboratory techniques and to complement the lecture course CHEM 1305. [CHEM 1105]

1106. Experimental General Chemistry II (Laboratory) (1:0:3). Prerequisite: CHEM 1105 and CHEM 1305. At the time of registration, the student must be registered (or have credit) for CHEM 1306. CHEM 1106 is a continuation of CHEM 1105. [CHEM 1107]

1107. Principles of Chemistry I (Laboratory) (1:0:3). Prerequisite: Concurrent enrollment or credit in CHEM 1307. Introduction to a wide variety of experimental techniques. [CHEM 1111]

1108. Principles of Chemistry II (Laboratory) (1:0:3). Prerequisite: CHEM 1107 and 1307; concurrent enrollment or credit in CHEM 1308. A continuation of CHEM 1107 which serves as a prerequisite for all advanced laboratory courses in chemistry. [CHEM 1112]

1301. Introductory Chemistry (3:3:0). Basic vocabulary, concepts, and problem-solving skills required for CHEM 1307 and 1308. This course has no laboratory and will not satisfy a laboratory science requirement. [CHEM 1207]

1303. Science, Technology, and Chemistry (3:3:0). The threads of science are traced from seeds of beginnings to modern life. Emphasizes more healthful life and time-saving conveniences created by science. No laboratory. Satisfies the technology and applied science requirement.

1305. Chemistry and Society I (3:3:0). A non-mathematical survey of basic chemical concepts, properties, and applications within society. Along with CHEM 1105, 1106, and 1306, it satisfies the laboratory science requirement for non-majors and those who do not require CHEM 1307 and 1308. [CHEM 1305]

1306. Chemistry and Society II (3:3:0). Prerequisite: CHEM 1105, 1305 and concurrent enrollment or credit in CHEM 1106. This course consists of chemical applications within society and the modern chemical world. [CHEM 1307]

1307. Principles of Chemistry I (3:3:0). Prerequisite: CHEM 1301 or a passing grade on the Chemistry Placement Exam. A study of fundamental concepts of chemistry including nomenclature, states of matter, the periodic table and periodic trends, chemical reactions, atomic structure, chemical bonding, molecular structure, and the properties of gases, liquids, solutions and solids. This course is recommended for students who plan careers in the physical and biological sciences as well as medicine and engineering. [CHEM 1311]

1308. Principles of Chemistry II (3:3:0). Prerequisite: CHEM 1107, 1307 and concurrent enrollment or credit in CHEM 1108. A continuation of CHEM 1307 which covers solution chemistry, chemical kinetics, acid/base and ionic equilibria, thermodynamics, electrochemistry, nuclear chemistry and coordination chemistry. This course serves as a prerequisite to all advanced chemistry courses. [CHEM 1312]

2000. Introduction to Chemical Research (1:0:3). Prerequisite: One semester of college chemistry or consent of instructor. Selected research problems according to the needs of students, especially group or team projects. Includes an introduction to chemical research and mentorship by the staff. May not be repeated for credit.

2103. Introductory Organic Chemistry Laboratory (1:0:3). Prerequisite: CHEM 1105, 1106, or 1107, 1108 and concurrent enrollment in or credit for CHEM 2303. Introductory organic laboratory techniques for students in agriculture and human sciences.

2105, 2106. Organic Chemistry Laboratory (1:0:3 each). Prerequisite: CHEM 1107, 1108, 1307, 1308; parallel registration or credit in CHEM 2305, 2306 required. CHEM 2105 is prerequisite to CHEM 2106. Fundamental techniques of organic chemistry. [CHEM 2123, 2125]

2303. Introductory Organic Chemistry (3:3:0). Prerequisite: CHEM 1305, 1306 or 1307, 1308; parallel registration in CHEM 2103 is strongly recommended. A brief study of the chemistry of carbon compounds for students in agriculture and human sciences. Not for majors or minors. [CHEM 1419]

2305, 2306. Organic Chemistry (3:3:0 each). Prerequisite: CHEM 1107, 1108, 1307, 1308; parallel registration in CHEM 2105, 2106 is strongly recommended. CHEM 2305 is prerequisite to CHEM 2306. A thorough foundation course in organic chemistry, required for all courses in organic chemistry above the sophomore level. CHEM 2305 satisfies the General Education Requirement for technology and applied science. [CHEM 2323, 2325]

3000. Undergraduate Research (V1-6). Prerequisite: Consent of instructor. Individual research project under the guidance of a staff member. May be repeated for credit.

3107. Physical Chemistry Laboratory I (1:0:3). Prerequisite: Credit for or concurrent registration in CHEM 3307. An introduction to physical chemical experimental methods including calorimetry, phase equilibria, surface phenomena, and viscosity.

3108. Physical Chemistry Laboratory II (1:0:3). Prerequisite: CHEM 3307 and credit for or concurrent enrollment in CHEM 3308. CHEM 3107 and 3108 may be taken concurrently. An introduction to physical chemical methods including spectroscopy, high-vacuum techniques, electric and magnetic phenomena.

3141. Analytical Chemical Methods Laboratory (1:0:3). Corequisite: Concurrent enrollment or credit in CHEM 3341. Discovery and practice of analytical laboratory techniques important to the biological and medical sciences.

3201. Advanced Organic Chemistry Laboratory (2:0:6). Prerequisite: CHEM 2105, 2106, 2305, 2306. Advanced synthesis, purification, and analysis of organic compounds. Required for B.S. majors in chemistry.

3251. Analytical Chemistry Laboratory (2:0:6). Corequisite: Concurrent enrollment or credit in CHEM 3351. Discovery and practice of the major analytical laboratory techniques.

3301. Descriptive Inorganic Chemistry (3:3:0). Prerequisite: CHEM 1107, 1108, 1307, 1308. A descriptive survey of modern topics in inorganic chemistry, including coordination compounds, acid-base chemistry, periodicity, transition elements, and inorganic rings, cages, and chains. (Writing Intensive)

3307. Physical Chemistry I (3:3:0). Prerequisite: CHEM 1107, 1108, 1307, 1308; PHYS 1103, 1104, 1306, 1307 or 1105, 1106, 1308, 2301; MATH 1351, 1352, or equivalent; parallel registration in CHEM 3107 is strongly recommended. The study of gases, thermodynamics, chemical and phase equilibria, and solutions.

3308. Physical Chemistry II (3:3:0). Prerequisite: CHEM 3307; parallel registration in CHEM 3108 is strongly recommended. The study of kinetic theory, chemical kinetics, electrochemistry, transport properties, surface chemistry, quantum chemistry, and statistical mechanics.

3311. Biological Chemistry I (3:3:0). Prerequisite: CHEM 2105, 2106, 2305, 2306; BIOL 1401, 1402 or 1403, 1404. First semester of a three-semester course in general biochemistry.

3312. Biological Chemistry II (3:3:0). Prerequisite: CHEM 3311. Second semester of a three-semester course in general biochemistry.

3313. Biological Chemistry Laboratory (3:1:6). Prerequisite: CHEM 3311 or 4303. Techniques for the isolation, purification, and characterization of biomolecular species. (Writing Intensive)

3314. Biological Chemistry III (3:3:0). Prerequisite: CHEM 3311. Third semester of a three-semester course in general biochemistry. Emphasis on nucleotide metabolism and cellular processes involving nucleic acids.

3341. Analytical Chemical Methods (3:3:0). Prerequisite: CHEM 1107, 1108, 1307, 1308; parallel registration in CHEM 3141 is strongly recommended. A general lecture course in analytical chemical methods emphasizing practical applications, including techniques important to the biological and medical sciences.

3351. Analytical Chemistry (3:3:0). Prerequisite: CHEM 1107, 1108, 1307, 1308; parallel registration in CHEM 3251 is strongly recommended. Basic lecture course in the theories and techniques of analytical chemical methods. [CHEM 2401]

3402. Physiological Chemistry (4:3:3). Prerequisite: CHEM 2103, 2303 or 2105, 2305. An elementary course in physiological chemistry. Not open to majors in chemistry or chemical engineering for credit.

4000. Senior Research (V1-6). Prerequisite: Senior standing with 2.50 GPA or better in previous chemistry courses and consent of instructor. Individual research project under the guidance of a staff member. The project will be at a more advanced level than is involved in CHEM 3000. The student is required to make use of the chemical literature in the planning of the research and to submit a formal report at the end of 3 credit hours. May be repeated for credit. (Writing Intensive)

4010. Individual Studies in Chemistry (V1-6). Prerequisite: Consent of instructor. A structured independent studies course under the guidance of a faculty member. May be repeated for credit.

4100. Case Studies of Chemical Enterprises (1:0:3). Prerequisite: Senior standing and consent of instructor. A student seminar opportunity to study the structure and operation of chemical processes and/or enterprises.

4105. Inorganic Chemistry Laboratory (1:0:3). Prerequisite: Concurrent enrollment or credit in CHEM 4309. Techniques used in the synthesis and characterization of inorganic compounds: complex ions, vacuum-line techniques, chromatography, inert atmosphere methods, reactivity profiles, spectroscopy of inorganic compounds.

4114. Instrumental Analytical Methods Laboratory (1:0:3). Prerequisite: Concurrent enrollment or credit in CHEM 4314. Experience and practice with several important chemical instruments. (Writing Intensive)

4302. Structure and Mechanisms in Organic Chemistry (3:3:0). Prerequisite: CHEM 2105, 2106, 2305, 2306 and 3307. Organic chemistry at an advanced level. Emphasis on developments in theoretical organic chemistry.

4303. Molecular Biochemistry (3:3:0). Prerequisite: CHEM 2105, 2106, 2305, 2306. Molecular descriptions of biological materials and systems. A one-semester course covering molecular approaches to biochemistry and metabolism.

4309. Inorganic Chemistry II (3:3:0). Prerequisite: CHEM 3301 and 3308. A theoretical treatment of inorganic chemistry, including symmetry, group theory, bonding principles, spectroscopy, inorganic reaction mechanisms, transition metals, and organometallic chemistry. (Writing Intensive)

4310. Polymer Chemistry (3:3:0). Prerequisite: CHEM 4311 or 3307, and 2306. An introduction to the chemistry of macromolecules, including the synthesis, structures, properties, and applications of polymers.

4311. Physical Chemistry for the Biological Sciences (3:3:0). Prerequisite: CHEM 1107, 1108, 1307, 1308, 3311; PHYS 1105, 1106, 1308, 2301 or 1103, 1104, 1306, 1307; MATH 1351, 1352. A general physical chemistry course for majors in biochemistry and the biological sciences. Topics include quantum chemistry, thermodynamics, electrochemistry, and kinetics.

4312. Physical Biochemistry (3:3:0). Prerequisite: CHEM 3251, 3311, 3312, 3313, 3314, 3351 and 4311 or 3307; MATH 1351, 1352; PHYS 1105, 1106, 1308, 2301. Applications of physical chemical techniques to proteins, nucleic acids, and membranes.

4314. Instrumental Analytical Methods (3:3:0). Prerequisite: CHEM 3141, 3341 or 3251, 3351 and 3107, 3307 or 4311. Lecture course covering theories and application of instrumental chemical analysis methods. (Writing Intensive)


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