The Curriculum

Programs of Study

Doctor of Jurisprudence

To be recommended for the J.D. degree by the faculty, a student must successfully complete a minimum of 90 semester hours, normally accomplished in six semesters or five semesters and two summer sessions. A cumulative average of 2.0 is required for graduation. Other academic requirements for graduation and for maintaining good standing are contained in the "Rules and Regulations of the School of Law,'' which is given to students upon their initial registration and is available upon request.

The grading scale is as follows: A=4.00, B+=3.50, B=3.00, C+=2.50, C=2.00, D+=1.50, D=1.00, and F=0.0.

Average academic attrition rate for first-year students over the past five years is approximately 9 percent.

The bar passage rate of graduates was 91.89 percent for the February 1995 Texas bar exam and 91.77 percent for the July 1995 Texas bar exam--ranking second among the state's eight accredited and one provisionally accredited law schools.

The Law School offers a full-time program only. Part-time enrollment is not permitted. Classes are offered only during the day. A student may not take more than 17 or less than 13 hours in any semester without special permission. Twelve hours is considered to be full time. There is no minimum course load requirement for students during a summer session; however, 8 hours is considered full time and students may not be registered for more than 10 hours.

The J.D. program provides a general background in law, but the curriculum is broad enough that students may, through their choice of electives, emphasize a particular area of the law such as tax, estate planning, environmental, criminal, international, litigation, public, property, or business.

Normally students must complete six semesters in residence as a full-time student to meet graduation requirements. A student may graduate a semester early--at the end of the fall semester of the third year--by taking at least 12 hours over two summers (the equivalent of the sixth semester of residency).

Regular attendance and preparation by students are required. Students should be aware that the Law School must certify to the various boards of state bar examiners that each student has regularly attended classes.

A professor may exclude a student from the course or from the final examination in the course if that student has accumulated an unreasonably large number of absences or instances of unpreparedness.

The Law School faculty reserves the right to change the schedule of classes, the program of instruction, the requirements for degrees, and any other similar rules or regulations. This right will not be exercised, however, to impose substantial detriment upon students enrolled at the time of the change.

Doctor of Jurisprudence--Master of Business Administration

The Law School and the Graduate School of Texas Tech University offer a joint program leading to the degrees of Doctor of Jurisprudence (J.D.) and Master of Business Administration (M.B.A.). The joint degree allows a student to complete the requirements for both degrees in three or four years, depending upon the extent of leveling in business courses required. A student must apply to both the Law School and the Graduate School and be accepted by both schools.

The program is designed principally for the student with nonbusiness undergraduate training who wishes to acquire a broad business knowledge to complement legal training. For this student, up to 22 hours of leveling may be required before commencing the graduate business courses, resulting in a total of 124 hours of law and business courses. For the student with an appropriate business background, however, the degree may be secured without leveling and by completing a total of 102 hours of law and business courses. To satisfy the 90 hours of law for the J.D. degree and the 36 hours of business for the M.B.A. degree, 12 hours of approved law courses are transferred as elective credit to the M.B.A. degree and 12 hours of approved graduate business courses are transferred as elective credit toward the J.D. degree.

The first year of study consists entirely of law courses. During the second and third years, the remaining required law courses are to be completed together with selected law electives and an appropriate number of graduate business core courses.

An acceptable score on the Graduate Management Admission Test (GMAT) is required for the M.B.A. portion of the program. The College of Business Administration is willing to accept a student from the Texas Tech University School of Law into the JDMBA program if the student has taken the Law School Admission Test (LSAT). That student will not be required to take the Graduate Management Admission Test (GMAT).

Doctor of Jurisprudence--Master of Science in Agricultural and Applied Economics

This joint degree program follows generally the outline of the J.D.-M.B.A. and involves the cooperative efforts of the Law School, the Graduate School, and the Department of Agricultural and Applied Economics. To fulfill the 90-hour requirement for the J.D. degree and the 36-hour requirement for the M.S. degree, 12 hours of approved courses from the Graduate School and the Law School are applied to the degree earned in the other school. Thus, to complete the joint degree program, the student will take 78 hours of law and 24 hours of graduate agricultural and applied economics. A comprehensive examination over the 18 hours of core course material for the M.S. degree must be passed as a requirement for the degree. The first year of study in the combined degree program is devoted exclusively to the study of law. After the first year, courses in both the graduate division of the Department of Agricultural and Applied Economics and the Law School may be taken concurrently.

An acceptable LSAT score will be sufficient for admission to the Graduate School for the M.S. portion of the program.

Doctor of Jurisprudence--Master of Public Administration

A student may complete the requirements for a J.D. and a Master of Public Administration (M.P.A.) degree in approximately four years if the student is enrolled in the Center for Public Service and the Law School for the combined degree program. Each school accepts 12 hours of credit for approved course work completed in the other school to fulfill the requirements for its degree, thereby reducing the total number of hours required for both degrees. Thus, 78 hours of law and 33 hours of graduate courses in the M.P.A. program must be completed. Included in the 33 hours for the M.P.A. portion is an internship assignment in a government office (6 hours credit) together with courses selected from one of the seven specific fields of concentration. The first year of study consists entirely of law courses. The student may elect to take the required year of resident study at the Center for Public Service in the second or third year of the program. The remaining period of study may involve both schools.

The Graduate Record Examination (GRE) must be taken and the score reported to the Graduate School as part of the admission procedure to the M.P.A. portion of the program.

The joint degree program is of particular benefit to law students who have career interests in administrative positions at all levels of government and in public agencies and institutions.

Doctor of Jurisprudence--Master of Science in Accounting (Taxation)

The Law School and the Graduate School of Texas Tech University offer a joint program leading to the degrees of Doctor of Jurisprudence (J.D.) and Master of Science in Accounting-Taxation (M.S.). The joint degree allows a student to complete the requirements for both degrees in three or four years, depending upon the extent of leveling in business courses required. A student must apply to both the Law School and the Graduate School and be accepted by both schools.

Up to 51 hours of leveling may be required; 18 hours of core courses; and from 3 to 15 hours of graduate electives plus a capstone course requirement of 3 hours. The student must obtain a grade of B or better and must have a GPA greater than 3.0 in order to graduate.

The Application Procedure for Joint Programs

Applications for admission to joint degree programs should be made to both the Law School and the Graduate School of Texas Tech University. Applications to the Graduate School can be obtained by writing directly to that school. Applicants must meet the regular admission requirements of each school and must be accepted by each to be eligible for the program. If a student is undecided about whether to pursue one of the joint programs, application to the Graduate School can be delayed until the beginning of the third semester in law school.

Summer Law Institute in Guanajuato, Mexico

The Law School, in cooperation with Southwestern University and the University of New Mexico Law Schools, offers a summer institute in Guanajuato, Mexico. The program features an introduction to Mexican law and international law subjects related to Latin America. All courses are taught in English by American and Mexican law professors. The Institute has been approved by the Accreditation Committee of the ABA Section on Legal

The Institute is organized in cooperation with the Universidad de Guanajuato Facultad de Derecho, one of Mexico's leading law centers. This cooperative effort results in a thorough introduction of non-Mexican students to Mexico's legal and cultural systems.


Scheduling of courses in any semester depends upon the decisions of the faculty and the dean. Courses commonly offered are described below.

First year courses are required. In addition to the advanced required courses listed, there is an advanced legal research and writing requirement that students may meet during their second or third year by completing a paper involving scholarly or problem-solving legal research.

First Year Courses

CIVIL PROCEDURE--5005. 4 hrs.
A general survey using federal court procedure as a model, including jurisdiction of courts, pleading, disposition without trial, joinder of claims and parties, effects of judgments, and appellate review.

A study of the federal judiciary's doctrine and practice of judicial review, judicial power, and jurisdiction of the courts, the power of Congress to regulate commerce, the power of the states to regulate commerce, and the protection of private rights, privileges, and immunities under the Constitution which includes the substantive rights of freedom of enterprise, freedom of expression, freedom of religion, and freedom from discrimination.

CONTRACTS--5002.--4 hrs.
A study of the enforceability of promises, the creation of contractual obligations, performance and breach, the impact of the contract on the legal relationships of nonparties, and the examination of contract doctrine in three settings: personal service, sales of goods, and construction contracts.

CRIMINAL LAW--5310.--3 hrs.
Inquiry into the sources and goals of the criminal law, limitations on the State's power to define criminal liability, general principles of liability and defenses, and the characteristics of particular crimes.

Instruction in dispute resolution processes other than litigation. Includes description of a variety of processes, including counseling, negotiation, mediation, and arbitration, with an emphasis on the lawyer's role in those processes.

LEGAL PRACTICE I--5006.--2 hrs.
An introduction to the legal system covering case briefing, case synthesis, and statutory analysis, as well as principles and practice of legal writing, client interviewing, and legal bibliography and research.

LEGAL PRACTICE II--5007.--2 hrs.
Instruction in legal method, including case and statutory analysis, through objective and persuasive legal writing and oral argument. Instruction in the sources and use of materials for legal research, including computer-assisted research, and in legal citation. Written assignments include letters, memoranda, and briefs.

PROPERTY--5003.--4 hrs.
An introduction to the law of personal property and real property, including estates and other interests in land, real property marketing and conveyancing, and landlord and tenant problems.

TORTS--5004.--4 hrs.
Standards and principles governing legal liability for intentional and unintentional invasions of interests of personality and property.

Advanced Required Courses*

*Students must take 16 hours of these courses during their second year.

BUSINESS ENTITIES--6035.--4 hrs.
A study of business organizations including partnership, limited partnership, and other unincorporated business forms, and business corporations; the factors affecting the selection of the form of a business enterprise; the nature of corporate entities; the promotion, organization, activities, financing, management, and dissolution of business corporations.

COMMERCIAL LAW--6020.--4 hrs.
A study of the financing and distribution of goods from manufacturer to ultimate consumer, with special emphasis given to the financing of sales transactions (Article 9 of the Uniform Commercial Code) and to the processes for payment of sales-generated obligations (Articles 3, 4, and 5 of the Uniform Commercial Code).

Survey of procedures applicable in the criminal justice system from arrest through post-conviction remedies.

EVIDENCE--6016.--4 hrs.
An examination of the problems of proof, including study of the admission and exclusion of information on the basis of relevancy, economy, policy and protection of the individual or the state, the examination of witnesses, substitutes for evidence, and procedural considerations.

INCOME TAXATION--6034.--4 hrs.
A basic understanding of federal income taxation relating to individuals, trusts, partnerships and corporations, and the use of complex statutes and regulations.

The role of the legal system and the lawyer in American society, with special emphasis on professional responsibilities that a lawyer has as private practitioner, corporate attorney, criminal prosecutor, government agency lawyer, judge, and legislator. Close attention is given to both the Code of Professional Responsibility and the Model Rules of Professional Conduct.

WILLS AND TRUSTS--6015.--4 hrs.
A study of the transfer of property by descent, wills, testamentary substitutes, and trusts including a study of construction problems.

Advanced Elective Courses

A study of accounting and accounting concepts, particularly as dealt with in statutory law, judicial decisions, and administrative law. Designed to provide a background for advanced study in corporate finance and taxation.

Examines the role of the administrative process in our society, formal and informal, and emphasizes the powers and procedures common to all administrative agencies and the relationships among the legislative, judicial, and executive branches in the development of public policy.

ADVANCED BANKRUPTCY LAW--6062.--2 or 3 hrs.
Advanced study of federal bankruptcy law, including jurisdiction, consumer plans, family farmer plans, and business reorganizations. Prerequisite: Creditors' Rights.

A study of Article 2 of the Uniform Commercial Code which covers the law of sales. Included are the requirements for formation of a sales contract, problems in enforcement, and determination of remedies for breach of contract.

ADVANCED CRIMINAL LAW--6045.--2 or 3 hrs.
An advanced critical study dealing with selected issues in substantive criminal law, criminal procedure, and the administration of criminal justice. The course format (e.g., seminar), topics to be included, and credit (two or three semester hours), will be determined and announced in advance of registration by the instructor.

Advanced dispute resolution course. Focus on negotiation, mediation, and arbitration as methods of dispute resolution, in simulated exercises and in writing assignments.

A study of taxation principles applicable to formation, management, reorganization, and dissolution of business entities with particular emphasis upon the corporation-shareholder relationship in both closely held and publicly owned corporations.

ADVANCED LEGAL RESEARCH--6078.--2 or 3 hrs.
This course builds on the principles and techniques of legal research. Technical areas of legislative history, state and federal administrative law, publications of the federal government, and nonlegal research sources will be presented.

This course will encourage critical thinking about history using both primary sources analytical essays on important topics in American legal and constitutional history. Emphasis will be on the founding and the Civil War and its aftermath, and such themes as laissez-faire, capitalism, cold war, and civil liberties, etc.

Research and writing of briefs and participation in competitive rounds of oral arguments in appellate cases, designed to develop writing and advocacy skills, and to increase the student's understanding of the relationship between precedent and policy in the resolution of legal controversies.

BANKING LAW--6017.--2 or 3 hrs.
A survey of the history, structure, and regulatory scheme of the American banking system, with emphasis on regulation of bank activities, traditional and nontraditional bank holding companies and bank failure.


BUSINESS TORTS--6052.--2 or 3 hrs.
An examination of interferences with intangible business and economic interests, including misrepresentation of competitor's products (trade libel), interference with contractual relations, false and misleading advertising, appropriation of trade values, copyright and trademark infringement.

CONFLICT OF LAWS--6022.--2 or 3 hrs.
The law relating to transactions or occurrences when some or all of the operative facts arise in more than one state; jurisdiction of court's enforcement of foreign judgments and decrees; choice of conflicting law in situations involving torts, contracts, property, marriage, divorce, and procedural problems.

A study of selected problems in constitutional law.

CONSTITUTIONAL TORTS--6041.--2 or 3 hrs.
A study of public officials' and entities' tort liability for unconstitutional conduct, including the remedies' sources, various defenses, pertinent procedural issues, and current legislative proposals.

CONSUMER LAW--6026.--2 or 3 hrs.
A consideration of the law relating to merchant-consumer transactions, with special emphasis on the place and operation of consumer credit in our society, existing and proposed legislation affecting consumers, and judicial and extrajudicial self-help methods available to aggrieved merchants and consumers.

Topics, which are to be announced, will emphasize current issues and problems in law. May be repeated for credit. Topics taught recently or scheduled to be taught include: advanced bankruptcy, international commercial arbitration, nonprofit organization, patent law, pension and medical planning, public land law, and transactional practice.

COPYRIGHT LAW--6063.--2 or 3 hrs.
A detailed analysis of the Copyright Act of 1976 and amending statutes. Issues included are copyrightability, fair use, educational exemption, public performance rights, ownership renewal and transfer, and infringement.

CORPORATE GOVERNANCE--6056.-- 2 or 3 hrs.
An advanced study of corporate regulation under the Securities Exchange Act. Examines the role of the corporation in society; the role of officers, directors, and shareholders within the corporation; the role of the securities market; abuse of the securities market through insider trading, short-swing profits, and churning; and the duties of directors in mergers, acquisitions, proxy fights, and tender offers.

CREDITORS' RIGHTS--6001.--2 or 3 hrs.
Creditors' remedies and debtors' rights under state and federal law, including exempt property, remedies of unsecured creditors to collect debts, and the law of fraudulent conveyances. A study of issues common to both consumer and business bankruptcies under the Federal Bankruptcy Code.

CRIMINAL PRACTICE SKILLS--6070.--2 or 3 hrs.
This course is analogous to Pretrial Litigation. Role-playing on simulated cases covering interviewing, counseling, criminal defendant, fact investigation, and witness interviewing, etc.

A study of the constitutional, statutory, and regulatory standards for eliminating and prohibiting discrimination on the basis of the individual's race, color, religion, sex, or national origin in hiring, discharging, classifying, or promoting employees, or changing their conditions of employment. It covers the procedures necessary for filing an action for discrimination, the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission and how it operates, the standards set out by the major cases; and EEOC regulations for determining discrimination and what obligations employers (public and private), labor unions, and employment agencies are under including the requirement for affirmative action programs.

EMPLOYMENT LAW--6071.--2 or 3 hrs.
Course focuses on laws governing the employer-employee relationship, with respect to personnel issues that arise in nonunion settings.

ENTERTAINMENT LAW--6053.-- 2 or 3 hrs.
A discussion of the copyright aspects of entertainment law. The course involves an in-depth analysis of the Copyright Act as it affects creation, development, and marketing of copyright material.

ENVIRONMENTAL CRIMES--6067.--2 or 3 hrs.
Examines enforcement of environmental statutory programs by criminal or administrative sanctions or private citizen lawsuits. Differences--substantively and procedurally--between civil and criminal enforcement, personal liability of corporate officers, and new "knowing endangerment" crimes as well as constitutional issues of mandatory reporting.

ENVIRONMENTAL LAW--6023.--2 or 3 hrs.
The respective roles of the federal and state governments in handling such problems as air and water pollution, agricultural pollution, use of public lands, and land-use planning. Federal and state regulatory means to safeguard the environment will be considered in detail.

ESTATE AND GIFT TAXATION--6019.--2 or 3 hrs.
An estate planning course that examines the impact of federal transfer taxes (gift tax, estate tax, and generation-skipping transfer tax) on various types of dispositions of property during life and at death, the administrative and judicial process in resolving federal estate and gift tax controversies, and the social and economic implications of taxation of distributions of wealth.

ESTATE PLANNING--6227.--2 hrs.
Techniques of planning and implementing dispositive arrangements, including both inter vivos and testamentary dispositions; factors influencing the choice of one technique over another, including the income and estate and gift tax consequences of a particular course of action.

FAMILY LAW--6024.--2 or 3 hrs.
Legal problems related to the establishment, dissolution, and reorganization of family relationships, including marriage, divorce, parental responsibility, alimony and child support, adoption, and injuries to family relations.

FEDERAL CRIMINAL LAW--6069.--2 or 3 hrs.
A study of the special features of federal enforcement and the federal-state relationship in the criminal law area.

A study of the jurisdiction of the federal courts and of the procedural rules related to jurisdictional matters, including the law applied by the federal courts, federal question and diversity jurisdiction, removal jurisdiction, jurisdictional amount, appellate jurisdiction, and conflicts between the state and national judicial systems.

FIRST AMENDMENT--6068.--2 or 3 hrs.
Study of the principal lines of historical, philosophical, and doctrinal first amendment development and the primary first amendment case law of the Supreme Court.

GENDER DISCRIMINATION--6074.--2 or 3 hrs.
This course addresses the many and various ways in which gender issues and the law intersect and interact. Topics range from reproductive rights to sexual harassment.

HEALTH CARE LAW--6066.--2 or 3 hrs.
Provides an overview of aspects of health law including access, financing, quality of care, human reproduction, and death and dying issues. Relationships between patient, family, provider, regulators, and other interested third parties. Impact of public policy and technology on these relationships.

INSURANCE LAW--6009.--2 or 3 hrs.
The law applicable to the formation, construction, and enforcement of contracts for life, casualty, and property insurance; government regulation of the insurance industry.

INTERNSHIP PROGRAM--6075.--1 or 2 hrs.
Students may take an internship for credit in which they work under the supervision of a lawyer or a judge. The internship course includes a classroom component and students meet together with faculty members to discuss their work experiences in their internship placement.

Study theory and function of client interviewing and counseling; demonstration of approaches and techniques; student role playing with discussion and critiques.

Introduction to federal bankruptcy law, including consumer and business bankruptcies.

JEWISH LAW--6283.-- 2 hrs.
A study of biblical jurisprudence, rabbinic exegesis, and comparative law spanning approximately 4000 years.

JURISPRUDENCE--6208.--2 hrs.
An introduction to legal philosophy. The major jurisprudential issues, the definition of law, the concept of justice, and the relation of law and morality will be considered. From time to time, as announced in advance of registration by the instructor, major emphasis will be given to a particular topic or group of topics in this course, e.g., law as an instrument of social policy, law and theology as related to problems of moral accountability, or the ethics of various types of law practice.

JUVENILE JUSTICE--6080.--2 or 3 hrs.
Topics covered will include the purposes of the juvenile justice system, jurisdiction and the process of the juvenile court, differences between the juvenile and adult justice process, and the relevant constitutional issues.

LABOR LAW--6042.--2 or 3 hrs.
A study of state and federal laws governing the employer-union relationship, organizational rights, the establishment of the collective bargaining relationship, and the legality of various types of concerted activity.

LAND-USE PLANNING--6025.--2 or 3 hrs.
A study of both private and public means of controlling the use of land. Emphasis will be placed on the areas of planning and zoning, including the emerging problem of exclusionary land-use controls. Further topics that will be discussed include subdivision controls, restrictive deed covenants, eminent domain proceedings, and urban renewal.

An examination of the rationale for permitting or restricting communications in language other than English.

LAW AND THE ELDERLY--6061.--3 hrs.
Surveys various areas of the law that are particularly applicable to those over 65, with an emphasis on health care issues.

LAW AND LITERATURE--6081.--2 or 3 hrs.
Focus on reading, writing, and speaking the professional language of the law. Speaking as counselor, advocate, legislator, and judge. Comparison with other forms of literary and intellectual activity (literature and philosophy).

LAW AND PSYCHIATRY--6272.--2 hrs.
A study of various practical and theoretical aspects of law and psychiatry in the context of the insanity defense, rights of the mentally ill, civil commitment proceedings, involuntary behavior modification programs, and related topics.

A study of the Constitution, federal statutes, regulations, case law, and administrative decisions relating to citizenship, aliens, and admission into and deportation from the United States.

An applicatory study of basic principles of being in business, location and organization of a law firm, office and law practice management functions and systems, technology and support services, and performing legal work efficiently and effectively.

LAW REVIEW--7002.--1 or 2 hrs.

LEGAL MALPRACTICE--6058.--2 or 3 hrs.
Designed to communicate that lawyers can significantly reduce the likelihood of being sued by simply satisfying the "reasonable expectations" of clients and of nonclients.

MARITAL PROPERTY--6008.--2 or 3 hrs.
Property rights of husband and wife under the Texas community property system, including coverage of the law relating to homestead.

MASS MEDIA LAW--6051.--2 or 3 hrs.
Constitutional and legal issues pertaining to print and electronic media, including defamation, privacy, prior restraints, access to information, and government regulation of the electronic media.

MEDICAL MALPRACTICE--6054.--2 or 3 hrs.
A study of the civil liabilities of physicians and other health care providers for professional negligence, with attention to standard of care, analysis of hospital and medical records, pretrial and trial tactics, examination of the medical witness, and settlement negotiation.

MUSEUM AND ART LAW--6050.--2 or 3 hrs.
Comprehensive study of the law and legal problems, including tax considerations, relating to museums. Includes copyright law, art law, historical preservation, wildlife regulation, and laws relating to cultural properties.

NATIVE AMERICAN LAW--6082.--2 or 3 hrs.
A survey of Native American law with emphasis upon the treaty, statutory, and jurisprudential relationships of federal, state, and tribal legal systems.

Development of negotiating skills used in settling litigation and negotiating transactions; use of negotiation skills, strategies, and techniques through simulation exercises.

OIL AND GAS LAW--6011.--2 or 3 hrs.
A study of the law of oil and gas with emphasis upon the interests that may be created in oil and gas, the rights of the landowner, provisions in the oil and gas lease, the rights of assignees, and legislation dealing with production and conservation.

OIL AND GAS PROBLEMS--6274.--2 hrs.
An advanced course dealing with particular areas of oil and gas. The course will have a varying content which will be announced. Areas of study may include federal taxation of oil and gas transactions; detailed study of pooling, unitization, and regulation of oil and gas; and drafting problems associated with oil and gas conveyancing and operations.

PRETRIAL LITIGATION--6076.--2 or 3 hrs.
This course concerns civil pretrial litigation according to Federal Rules of Civil Procedure. Assignments will include drafting of pretrial documents, taking depositions, and arguing motions.

PRIVACY IN AMERICAN LAW--6083.--2 or 3 hrs.
This course will focus on the protection afforded by law to different privacy interests that people possess: information, personality, identity, reputation. Protection for reproductive, familial, and other forms of personal autonomy.

A comprehensive study of the civil action for harm resulting from defective and dangerous products, including the historical development of this theory of liability and its component parts, the problems concerning vertical and horizontal privity, defectiveness, proof, available defenses, damages, and remedies.

PUBLIC EDUCATION LAW--6032.--2 or 3 hrs.
A comprehensive study of the impact of law upon public education in America, emphasizing the diverse relationships existing between students, teachers, administrators, governing bodies, legislature, and the public, and how these relationships are affected by law expressed in regulations, statutes, judicial decisions, state constitutions, and the United States Constitution.

PUBLIC INTERNATIONAL LAW--6040.-- 2 or 3 hrs.
An introductory course in international legal studies, with attention given to recognizing, analyzing, and solving international law problems in the areas of international military intervention, socio-political rights, economic development and well-being, and environmental protection. Special emphasis is focused on the sources of international law and the manner in which it is changing to meet the demands of the future.

RACE AND RACISM--6073.--2 or 3 hrs.
This course addresses the many and various ways in which race and the law intersect and interact. Topics range from affirmative action to interracial adoption.

A study of residential and commercial real estate transactions. Topics of discussion will include: negotiating the purchase and sale contract, methods of title assurance; the secondary mortgage market; land acquisition and development loans; various mortgage instruments and alternatives such as adjustable rate mortgages, wrap around mortgages, leasehold mortgages, purchase money mortgages, sale and lease backs, and contracts for deed; tax considerations in real estate transactions; shopping centers; condominiums; and cooperatives.

REMEDIES--6007.--2 or 3 hrs.
Forms of legal and equitable relief a court is equipped to grant by way of redress to those who have been or may be injured, including alternative choices and the tactical advantages of each.

RESEARCH--7001.--1 or 2 hrs.

SECURITIES REGULATION--6028.--2 or 3 hrs.
A study of federal and state regulation of the public distribution of securities. Covers initial public offerings, the corporate decision to "go public," the sale of registered and unregistered securities, resales of securities, disclosure required in a prospectus and offering curricular, civil and criminal liability, and enforcement of statute's anti-fraud provision under the Federal and Texas Securities Act.

SKILLS DEVELOPMENT--7004.--1 or 3 hrs.

SPORTS LAW--6055.--2 or 3 hrs.
--A study of the law as it affects professional and amateur sports. It probes the relationships among the leagues, the individual clubs, the players' unions, and the athletes. Topics covered are players' contracts, arbitration, remedies, antitrust issues, labor exemptions, discipline of players and clubs, collective bargaining, liability for injuries, amateur athletics, and NCAA problems.

STATE AND LOCAL GOVERNMENT--6036.-- 2 or 3 hrs.
A study of the law relating to the creation of local government units, their legislative, fiscal, proprietary, and administrative powers and functions, tort and contract liability. The relationship between state and local government and inter-governmental conflicts will be discussed. Special emphasis is placed on Texas law.

TEXAS CRIMINAL PROCEDURE--6010.-- 2 or 3 hrs.
The law regulating the Texas criminal process from arrest through post-conviction review with an emphasis on its unique characteristics.

TEXAS LAND TITLES--6250.--2 hrs.
Contracts for sale of land; forms of deeds; descriptions; warranty and other covenants of title; escrows; recording statutes; practice in drafting; acquisition of title to land through adverse possession.

TEXAS PRETRIAL PROCEDURE--6037.--2 or 3 hrs.
A study of the Texas law in civil cases pertaining to subject matter jurisdiction within the state system, jurisdiction of persons and property, pleadings, venue, parties, effects of prior adjudications, attacks on final judgments, discovery, and disposition without trial.

A study of the Texas law in civil cases pertaining to trial and appellate procedure concerning the jury, presentation of the case, motions for instructed verdict, the court's charge, the verdict, trial before the court, post-trial motions and procedures, final and appealable judgments, appellate jurisdiction, perfection of appeal, the courts of appeals, the Supreme Court of Texas, and original proceedings in appellate courts.

TRIAL ADVOCACY--6228.--2 hrs.
A practical course involving demonstrations and student practice in all aspects of the trial of civil and criminal cases which provide significant opportunities for jury persuasion, instructor analysis and commentary respecting student performance and evaluation of trial tactics.

WATER LAW--6027.--2 or 3 hrs.
A study of private law systems for allocating water among users, the public law systems of allocation, groundwater management, development of new water supplies, interstate disputes, and water pollution.

A study of the origin and substance of workers' compensation law and procedures before administrative tribunals and courts. Special emphasis on Texas statutes and procedure.

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Apr 27, 2017