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Foeniculum vulgare

Classification Scientific Name: Foeniculum vulgare
  Common Name: Fennel
  Family: Apiaceae
  Location Index: HG15
  Suggested Use: herbs
Plant Plant Type: perennial
  Plant Form: upright
  Height: 3 - 4 feet
  Spread: 2 feet
  Bloom Period: summer
  Flower Color: yellow
  Flower: flowers are large umbels
  Foliage Texture: fine
  Foliage: fern-like leaves are bright green with solid stems
Environment USDA Zone: zones 5 - 7
  Native Range: Europe


North Africa

naturalized in US
  Sun Requirement: full sun
  Water Requirement: medium
  Soil: adaptable


  Heat Tolerance: medium
Care Maintenance: deadhead flowers after completion
  Liabilities: decline in summer heat
  Tolerances: few pest problems
  Propagation: seed
More Additional Notes: perennial usually treated as an annual

black licorice taste

seeds used in Italian sausage
  Cultivars/Varieties: Foeniculum vulgare 'Purpereum' has bronze to purple-ish foliage
  Similar Plants: shares similar appearance with dill
Foeniculum vulgare

Foeniculum vulgare Photo Gallery