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Faculty Member - Experimental Psychology

Martina Inge Klein, Ph.D.
Martina Inge Klein


Assistant Professor


Ph.D., 2008, University of Cincinnati (Experimental/Human Factors Psychology)

M.A., 2004, University of Cincinnati (Experimental/Human Factors Psychology)

B.A., 2001, Hawaii Pacific University (Major: Psychology, Minor: Mathematics)


Phone: (757) 834-4745

Fax: (806) 742-0818


Research Support:

  • Association for Surgical Education (ASE)
  • Intuitive Surgical, Inc.

Research Interests:

Stress and Workload: Subjective and physiological measures of stress and workload

Human Factors in Medicine: Laparoscopic and robotic surgery, errors in medicine

Selected Research:

  • Klein, M. I., Mouraviev, V., Craig, C., Salamone, L., Plerhoples, T. A., Wren, S. M., Gaitonde, K. (accepted). Mental stress experienced by first year residents and expert surgeons at the robotic and laparoscopic surgery interfaces. Journal of Robotic Surgery.
  • Klein, M. I., DeLucia, P. R., & Olmstead, R. (2013). The Impact of Visual Scanning in the Laparoscopic Environment After Engaging in Strain Coping. Human Factors, 55(3), 509-519. doi: 10.1177/0018720812467458
  • Klein, M. I., Warm, J. S., Riley, M. A., Matthews, G., Doarn, C., Donovan, J. F., et al. (2012). Mental workload and stress perceived by novice operators in the laparoscopic and robotic minimally invasive surgical interfaces. Journal of Endourology, 26(8), 1089-1094.
  • Craig, C., Klein, M. I., Griswold, J., Gaitonde, K., McGill, T., & Halldorsson, A. (2012). Using Cognitive Task Analysis to Identify Critical Decisions in the Laparoscopic Environment. Human Factors, 54(6), 1025-1039. doi: 10.1177/0018720812448393
  • Klein, M. I., Warm, J. S., Riley, M. A., Matthews, G., Gaitonde, K., & Donovan, J. F. (2008). Perceptual distortions produce multidimensional stress profiles in novice users of an endoscopic surgery simulator. Human Factors, 50(2), 291-300. doi: 10.1518/001872008x288312

Teaching Interests and Activities:

Graduate Courses:

  • Statistics (Focus: Analysis of Variance)

Undergraduate Courses:

  • Advanced Undergraduate Statistics
  • Biological Bases of Behavior