Texas Tech University

William L. Gardner, DBA

Jerry S. Rawls Chair in Leadership; Director of the Institute for Leadership Research
Management

Email: william.gardner@ttu.edu

Phone: 806.834.1055

Office Hours: By Appointment

Room Number: E334

Education: DBA, MBA, Florida State University; B.A., Susquehanna University

Area of Expertise:
 
Leadership, Business Ethics, Social Influence Processes Within Organizations

Website:
http://scholar.google.com/citations?user=dEDjnvAAAAAJ&hl=en    

William Gardner

About William

William (Bill) Gardner is the Jerry S. Rawls Chair in Leadership and Director of the Institute for Leadership Research.  Additionally, he serves as the Editor-in-Chief for Group & Organization Management and an Associate Editor for The Leadership Quarterly. Dr. Gardner received both his Doctorate of Business Administration (DBA) and Masters of Business Administration (MBA) from The Florida State University, and his Bachelor of Science (BS) in Business Administration from Susquehanna University.  His teaching includes undergraduate, graduate and honors courses in organizational behavior, leadership and ethics, research methods, group dynamics and management history, and his research focuses on leadership, business ethics and social influence processes within organizations.  Dr. Gardner's work has been published in numerous scholarly outlets, including the Academy of Management Review, Academy of Management Journal, Group & Organization Management, The Leadership Quarterly, Journal of Management, Journal of Management Studies, Journal of Leadership & Organizational Studies, and the Journal of Organizational Behavior

Extremely active in the Southern Management Association, Dr. Gardner served as the President from 2006-2007. He has served as a guest editor for three special issues of The Leadership Quarterly and has served on the editorial review boards for the Academy of Management Journal (2000-2004), The Leadership Quarterly (2000-present), and the Journal of Leadership and Organizational Studies (2002-present). In 2011, he received the Distinguished Doctoral Alumni Award from the College of Business at Florida State University. The Rawls College of Business recognized his research contributions in 2013 with the Outstanding Researcher Award and in 2014 with the Distinguished Faculty Research Award. In 2015, Texas Tech recognized him as an “Integrated Scholar”, and in 2016 he received the President's Academic Achievement Award.

Publications

  • Hinojosa, A. S., Gardner, W. L., Cogliser, C. C., Walker, H. J. & Gullifor, D. (in press). A review of cognitive dissonance theory in management research: Opportunities for further development.
  • Banks, G. C., McCauley, K. D., Gardner, W. L., & Guler, C. (2016). A meta-analytic review of authentic leadership and transformational leadership: A test of redundancy. The Leadership Quarterly, 27, 634-652. 
  • Meuser, J. D., Gardner, W. L., Dinh, J. E., Hu, J. Liden, R. C., & Lord, R. G. (2016). A network analysis of leadership theory: The infancy of integration. Journal of Management, 42, 1374-1403.
  • Leroy, H., Anseel, F., Gardner, W. L., & Sels, L. (2015). Authentic leadership, authentic followership, basic need satisfaction, and work role performance: A cross-level study. Journal of Management, 41, 1677-1697.
  • Hinojosa, A. S., McCauley, K. D., Randolph-Seng, B., & Gardner, W.L. (2014). Leader and follower attachment styles: Implications for authentic leader-follower relationships. The Leadership Quarterly,25, 595-610.
  • Dinh, J. E., Lord, R. G., Gardner, W. L., Meuser, J. D., Liden, R. C., & Hu, J. (2014). Leadership theory and research in the new millennium: Current theoretical trends and changing perspectives. The Leadership Quarterly25, 36-62. Most downloaded LQ article for 2014. http://top25.sciencedirect.com/subject/psychology/22/journal/the-leadership-quarterly/10489843/archive/59/
  • Cogliser, C. C., Gardner, W. L., Quinn Trank, C., Gavin, M. B., Halbesleben, J., & Seers, A. (2013). Not all group exchange structures are created equal: Effects of forms and levels of exchange on work outcomes in virtual teams. Journal of Leadership & Organizational Studies20, 242-251.
  • Randolph-Seng, B., & Gardner, W. L. (2013). Validating measures of leader authenticity: Relations between implicit/explicit self-esteem, situational cues, and leader authenticity. Journal of Leadership & Organizational Studies20, 212-229.
  • Cogliser, C. C., Gardner, W. L., Gavin, M. B., & Broberg, J. C. (2012). Big Five personality factors and leader emergence in virtual teams: Relationships with team trustworthiness, member performance contributions and team performance. Group & Organization Management, 37, 752-784.
  • Gardner, W. L., Reithel, B. J., Cogliser, C. C., Walumbwa, F. O., & Foley, R. T. (2012). Matching personality and organizational culture: Effects of recruitment strategy and the five-factor model on subjective person-organization fit. Management Communication Quarterly, 26, 585-622.
  • Davis, K. M., & Gardner, W. L. (2012). Charisma under crisis revisited: Presidential leadership, long-term follower effects and contextual influences. The Leadership Quarterly23, 918-933.
  • Gardner, W. L., Cogliser, C. C., Davis, K. M., & Dickens, M. (2011). Authentic leadership: A review of the literature and research agenda. The Leadership Quarterly, 22, 1120-1145.
  • Gardner, W. L., Lowe, K. B., Moss, T. W., Mahoney, K. T., & Cogliser, C. C. (2010). Scholarly leadership of the study of leadership: A review of The Leadership Quarterly's Second Decade, 2000-2009. The Leadership Quarterly, 21, 922-958.  Used by Elsevier to create the Business Management prototype for the “Article of the Future” (http://www.articleofthefuture.com/business_management). “Article of the Future” features include research highlights, supplementary videos, interactive tables (i.e., drop down access to the data bases used to compile article tables), and other novel attributes.
  • van Emmerik, H., Gardner, W. L., Wendt, H., & Fischer, D. (2010). Associations of culture and personality with McClelland's motives: A cross-cultural study of       managers in 24 countries. Group & Organization Management, 35, 329-367. Recipient of the Group & Organization Management, “Best Paper” (Micro) Award for 2010.
  • Gardner, W. L., & Cogliser, C. C. (2009). Meso-modeling of leadership: Following James G. (Jerry) Hunt's lead in integrating micro- and macro-perspectives of leadership. The Leadership Quarterly, 20, 493-500.
  • Cogliser, C. C., Schriesheim, C. A., Scandura, T. A., & Gardner, W. L. (2009). Balance in leader and follower perceptions of leader-member exchange: Relationships with performance and work attitudes. The Leadership Quarterly, 20, 452-465.
  • Gardner, W. L., Fischer, D., & Hunt, J. G. (2009). Emotional labor and leadership: A threat to authenticity? The Leadership Quarterly, 20,466-482.
  • Gardner, W. L., Reithel, B. J., Foley, R. T., Cogliser, C. C., & Walumbwa, F. O. (2009). Attraction to organizational culture profiles: Effects of realistic recruitment and vertical and horizontal individualism-collectivism. Management Communication Quarterly, 22, 437-472.
  • Walumbwa, F. O., Avolio, B.J., Gardner, W. L., Wernsing, T. S., & Peterson, S. J. (2008). Authentic leadership: Development and validation of a theory-based measure. Journal of Management, 34, 89-126. Recipient of the 2013 JOM Scholarly Impact Award.
  • Cleavenger, D., Gardner, W. L., & Mhatre, K. H. (2007). Help-seeking: Testing the effects of task interdependence and normativeness on employees' propensity to seek help. Journal of Business and Psychology, 21(3), 331-359.
  • Harvey, P., Martinko, M. J., & Gardner, W. L. (2006). Promoting authentic behavior in organizations: An attributional perspective. Journal of Leadership & Organizational Studies, 12(3), 1-11.
  • Avolio, B. J., & Gardner, W. L. (2005). Authentic leadership development: Getting to theroot of positive forms of leadership. The Leadership Quarterly16, 315-338. Most downloaded LQ article, 2010, 2011 & 2012: http://top25.sciencedirect.com/subject/psychology/22/journal/the-leadership-quarterly/10489843/archive/42/
  • Gardner, W. L., Avolio. B. J., Luthans, F., May, D. R., & Walumbwa, F. O. (2005). “Can you see the real me?” A self-based model of authentic leader and follower development. The Leadership Quarterly,16, 343-372.  Reprinted in M. F. R. Kets de Vries & K. Korotov, Leadership Development, Edgar Elgar Publishing.
  • Avolio, B. J., Gardner, W. L., Walumbwa, F. O., Luthans, F., & May, D. R. (2004). Unlocking the mask: A look at the process by which authentic leaders impact follower attitudes and behaviors. The Leadership Quarterly, 15,801-823.
  • Ammeter, A. P., Douglas, C., Hochwarter, W. A., Ferris, G. R., & Gardner, W. L. (2004). Introduction to: The Leadership Quarterly special issue on political perspectives in leadership. The Leadership Quarterly15, 433-435.
  • Davis, W. D., & Gardner, W. L. (2004). Organizational cynicism and perceptions of politics: A leader-member exchange and attributional perspective. The Leadership Quarterly, 15, 439-465.
  • Gardner, W. L., & Schermerhorn, J. R., Jr. (2004). Unleashing individual potential: Performance gains through positive organizational behavior and authentic leadership. Organizational Dynamics, 33(3), 270-281.
  • Douglas, C., & Gardner, W. L. (2004). Transition to Self-Directed Work Teams (SDWTS): Implications for managerial influence tactics, self-monitoring, and team member attitudes toward related issues. Journal of Organizational Behavior, 25, 47-65.
  • Gardner, W. L. (2003). Perceptions of leader charisma, effectiveness and integrity: Effects of exemplification, delivery and ethical reputation. Management Communication Quarterly, 16, 502-527.
  • Ammeter, A. P., Douglas, C., Gardner, W. L., Hochwarter, W. A., & Ferris, G. R. (2002). Toward a political theory of leadership. The Leadership Quarterly, 13, 751-796.
  • Awamleh, R., & Gardner, W. L. (1999). Charismatic leadership: The effects of vision content, vision delivery, and organizational performance on perceptions of charisma. The Leadership Quarterly, 10, 345-373.
  • Gardner, W. L., & Avolio, B. J. (1998). The charismatic relationship: A dramaturgical       perspective. Academy of Management Review, 23, 32-58.
  • Gardner, W. L., & Martinko, M. J. (1996). Using the Myers-Briggs Type Indicator tostudy managers: A literature review and research agenda. Journal of Management, 22, 45-83.
  • Gardner, W. L. (1992). The art of impression management: Lessons in organizational dramaturgy. Organizational Dynamics, 21(1), 33-46; excerpts of this article were reprinted with permission in Business Edge, October 1992, 17-19.
  • Martinko, M. J., & Gardner, W. L. (1990). Structured observation of managerial work: Areplication and synthesis. Journal of Management Studies, 27, 329-357.
  • Gardner, W. L., & Martinko, M. J. (1988). Impression management in organizations. Journal of Management, 14, 345-362.
  • Gardner, W. L., & Martinko, M. J. (1988). Impression management: An observationalstudy linking audience characteristics with verbal  self-presentations. Academy of Management Journal, 31, 42-65.
  • Martinko, M. J., and Gardner, W. L. (1987). The leader/member attribution process.Academy of Management Review, 12, 235-249; reprinted in J. T. McMahon (Ed.),  Leadership classics, Waveland Press: Long Grove, IL, 2010.
  • Martinko, M. J., & Gardner, W. L. (1985). Beyond structured observation: Methodological issues and new directions.  Academy of Management Review, 10, 676-695.
  • Martinko, M. J., & Gardner, W. L. (1982). Learned helplessness: An alternative explanation for performance deficits. Academy of Management Review, 7, 195-204; reprinted in K. Davis and J.W. Newstrom (Eds.), Organizational behavior: Readings and exercises, New York: McGraw-Hill, 1985.

Current Research

  • Gardner, W. L., Smith, R. C., Mhatre, K. H., Karam, E., Avolio, B. J., Chan, A., Hughes, L. W., & Zachary, M. Leader exemplification and ethical conduct: Effects of perceived authenticity, trust, and organizational advocacy.
  • Gardner, W. L., Carlson, J. D., & Cogliser, C. C. Boundaries of authentic leadership.
  • Gardner, W. L., Zagenczyk, Moore, C. B., Rinaldo, S., Rinaldo, R., Laverie, D., & Cogliser, C. C. The influence of the physical work environment on social networks: A quasi-experimental study.
  • Guenter, H., Gardner, W. L., Randolph-Seng, B., Prabhu, V., McCauley, K. D., van Emmerik, H. Shared authentic leadership in scientific research teams.
  • Swain, A. K., Qing, C., Gardner, W. L. Six Sigma success: A view through authentic leadership and behavioral integrity theoretical lenses.

Current Research

  • Gardner, W. L., Smith, R. C., Mhatre, K. H., Karam, E., Avolio, B. J., Chan, A., Hughes, L. W., & Zachary, M. Leader exemplification and ethical conduct: Effects of perceived authenticity, trust, and organizational advocacy.
  • Gardner, W. L., Carlson, J. D., & Cogliser, C. C. Boundaries of authentic leadership.
  • Gardner, W. L., Zagenczyk, Moore, C. B., Rinaldo, S., Rinaldo, R., Laverie, D., & Cogliser, C. C. The influence of the physical work environment on social networks: A quasi-experimental study.
  • Guenter, H., Gardner, W. L., Randolph-Seng, B., Prabhu, V., McCauley, K. D., van Emmerik, H. Shared authentic leadership in scientific research teams.
  • Swain, A. K., Qing, C., Gardner, W. L. Six Sigma success: A view through authentic leadership and behavioral integrity theoretical lenses.

Awards and Honors

  • 2016 President's Academic Achievement Award.
  • 2015 Texas Tech University Integrated Scholar.
  • 2014 Rawls College of Distinguished Faculty Research Award
  • 2013 Rawls College of Business Outstanding Researcher Award
  • Recipient of the 2013 JOM Scholarly Impact Award. Walumbwa, F. O., Avolio, B.J., Gardner, W. L., Wernsing, T. S., & Peterson, S. J. (2008). Authentic leadership: Development and validation of a theory-based measure. Journal of Management, 34, 89-126.
  • 2011 Distinguished Doctoral Alumni Award Recipient, College of Business, Florida State University.
  • Recipient, Group & Organization Management, Best Paper Award: Micro Category, 2011. van Emmerick, H., Gardner, W. L., Wendt, H., & Fischer, D. (2010). Associations of culture and personality with McClelland's motives: A cross-cultural study of managers in 24 countries. Group and Organization Management, 35, 329-367.
  • Recipient of the “Bernie” Best Reviewer Award, Leadership Quarterly, 2003.
  • Fellow of the Southern Management Association, inducted Fall 2002.
  • Recipient of the Leadership Quarterly Volume 11 “Best Paper” Award, Sponsored by the Center for Creative Leadership, Greensboro, North Carolina. Lowe, Kevin, and Gardner, William L. “Ten Years of Leadership Quarterly: Contributions and Challenges for the Future.” Leadership Quarterly, 2000, 11(4), 2000, 459-514.
  • "Best Reviewer” for the Organizational Behavior/Organizational Theory/Organizational Development Track, Southern Management Association Meeting, November 2000.
  • Management and Marketing recipient of the Ole Miss School of Business
  • Administration's Outstanding Research Article Award for the 1997-1998 Academic Year.  The citation for the article is: Gardner, W. L.,  & Avolio, B. J. (1998). The charismatic relationship: A dramaturgical perspective. Academy of Management Review, 1998, 23(1), 32-58.
  • Management and Marketing recipient of the Ole Miss School of Business
  • Administration's Outstanding Research Article Award for the 1995-1996 Academic Year.  The citation for the article is: Gardner, W. L., & Martinko, M. J. (1996). Using the Myers-Briggs Type Indicator to study managers: A conceptual model and research agenda. Journal of Management, 1996, 22(1), 45-83.
  • Dual recipient of the Decision Science Institute's 1991 Best Theoretical/Empirical Research Paper Award.  The citation for the selected article is: Ramnarayanan, R., & Gardner, W. L. (1991, November). Interactions among presentation formats, cognitive styles and time constraints: An experimental study. Proceedings of the  Annual Meeting of the Decision Sciences Institute.
  • Dual recipient of the Ole Miss School of Business Administration's Outstanding Research Article Award for the 1990-1991 Academic Year. The citation for the article is: Martinko, M. J., & Gardner, W. L. (1990). Structured observation of managerial work: A replication and synthesis. Journal of Management Studies, 3, 329-357.