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Sexual Assault Pamphlet

By: Neetha Devdas, M.A.

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Sexual assaults are common in the United States, and probably more so than most people believe. Statistics indicate that approximately 1 in 4 women and 1 in 33 men will be sexually assaulted in their lifetime. It is commonly understood, however, that these statistics are only accurate when taking into account how many assaults are reported. So, in reality, the numbers may be much higher.

 

What is Sexual Assault?

The U.S. Department of Justice defines sexual assault as crimes that include sexually based felonies besides rape and attempted rape. Sexually based felonies are unwanted sexual contacts such as fondling and touching. It is also important to note that oral, anal, or vaginal penetration without consent is also considered sexual assault.

 

What is Rape?

Definitions vary from state to state. However, according to the Bureau of Justice Statistics in the United States Department of Justice, rape is defined as:

 “Forced sexual intercourse including both psychological coercion as well as physical force. Forced sexual intercourse means penetration by the offender(s). Includes attempted rapes, male as well as female victims, and both heterosexual and homosexual rape. Attempted rape includes verbal threats of rape.” 

 

Acquaintance Rape

The majority of victims know their perpetrator. It is very dangerous to think that a rapist is simply a stranger waiting in a dark alley for you. It is more likely that a rapist is an acquaintance of some sort.

 

Sexual Assault Statistics

 

How To Determine If You Have Been Assaulted

 

What To Do If You Have Been Assaulted

 

Common Reactions To Sexual Assault

It is common for victims to experience a range of physical and emotional symptoms following an assault and even for a while afterwards. Common problems include the following:

 

 

Facts About Sexual Assault and College Women

 

Common Myths About Rape

 

Drugs Facilitated Sexual Assault

Sometimes perpetrators will use drugs to cause the sexual assault victim to experience diminished capacity, meaning the victim passed out, became unconscious, fell asleep, or somehow became incapacitated. Drugs are also sometimes used to prevent victims from remembering the incident. Victims often blame themselves for their assaults because they do not remember the assault or they feel guilty for drinking or doing drugs. It is incredibly important to understand that if someone does not give consent to have sex then it is rape.

 

Common drugs used in sexual assaults include:

Drug
Look and Duration
Symptoms

Alcohol

Various colored and flavored liquids. Duration of effects are dependent on amount ingested.
  • Relaxation
  • Impaired memory
  • Impaired judgement
  • Impaired motor skills
  • Drowsiness
  • Confussion

Rohypnol

(i.e. ruffies, roach, rope)

Small white pill that can be dissolved in liquids. Can become effective within 30 minutes and can remain in a person's system for 8 or more hours.
  • Drowsiness
  • Poor memory
  • Muscle relaxation
  • Nausea

GHB

(i.e. liquid ecstasy, grievous, bodily harm, Georgia homeboy)

Clear odorless liquid or white crystal-like powder. Can become effective within 15 minutes and can last for approximately 3-4 hours. Stays in a person's system for 10-12 hours.
  • Severe sedation
  • Drowsiness
  • Impaired mobility
  • Nausea
  • Headache

GBL

Has bitter taste but can be easily placed into a strong alcoholic drink without notice. Can become effective within and hour of indestion and lasts for 6 hours. Stays in a person's system for 24 hours.
  • Amnesia
  • Nausea
  • Feeling lethargic
  • Agitation
  • Confussion

Note: GBL is difficult to detect because victime may appear normal but will not have any memory of the time period in which they were drugged.

Ketamine

(i.e. K, Special K, Kit Kat)

Liquid that is placed is drinks. Can take effect within 1 hour (most likely shorter) and lasts for up to 3 hours. Stays in a person's system for up to 48 hours.
  • Confussion
  • Disorientation
  • Impaired mobility
  • Agitation
  • Unconscious state

Ecstasy

(i.e. X, E, XTC, Roll)

Small pill, powder, or liquid placed in drinks.
  • Relaxation
  • Sensitivity to touch
  • Nausea
  • Hallucinations
  • Unconscious state

 

Final Note:

Sexual assaults are possibly one of the least reported and most misunderstood violent crimes. It is important to remember that victims of sexual assaults are never to blame for what happens to them. The reality is that the perpetrator chose to commit a very violent crime against an individual. Regardless of whether or not the victim fought back, screamed, or said “no,” if there was no consent, then a sexual assault has been committed.

 

Resources

Rape, Abuse, & Incest, National Network

1-800-656-HOPE
www.rainn.org

 

Lubbock Rape Crisis Center

1-806-763-7273
www.lubbockrcc.org

 

Students Against Sexual Assault (TTU)

http://www.facebook.com/group.php?gid=34149439077

 

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