Texas Tech University

Definitions and Acronyms

Here you will find many of the acronyms you may come across in Export Controls as well as the resources for each individual term. 

BIS: Bureau of Industry and Security 
  • A division of the US Department of Commerce that enforces export administration regulations and anti-boycott law
CCL: Commerce Control List
  • An alpha numeric code that describes an item and indicates licensing requirements for export. The CCL is divided into ten broad categories with all subdivided into product groups.
CFR: US Code of Federal Regulations
  • US federal regulations that provide rules affecting export administration.
CJ: Commodity Jurisdiction
  • A commodity jurisdiction request is made to the US Department of State to determine if an item or service is covered by the U.S. Munition List and is therefore subject to export controls. Commodity jurisdictions must be requested by the Office of VP for Research.
Deemed Export
  • An export is "deemed" to have taken place when it is available for visual inspection, when information on technology is provided orally, or when technology is made available by practice or application to a foreign national within the U.S. If export-controlled technology is used on a project, a deemed export license may be required for foreign nationals to access the technology.
DDTC: Directorate of Defense Trade Controls
  • A division of the U.S. Department of State, which controls the export and temporary import of defense articles and defense services covered by the U.S. Munition List.
Dual Use Items
  • An item that has commercial and military applications. The U.S. Department of Commerce Bureau of Industry and Security regulates the export of these items. Export of such items may require a license.
EAR: Export Administration Regulations
  • The regulations published by the Bureau of Industry and Security that govern exports from U.S.
ECCN: Export Control Classification Number
  • An alpha numeric code assigned by the federal government to items which define whether a license is required for export. Items which are classified as EAR 99 generally do not need a license.
FACR: Foreign Assets Controls Regulations
  • Administers and enforces economic and trade sanctions based on US foreign policy and national security goals against targeted foreign countries and regimes, terrorists, international narcotics traffickers, those engaged in activities related to the proliferation of weapons of mass destruction, and other threats to the national security, foreign policy or economy of the United States
Foreign National or Foreign Person
  • Anyone who is not a U.S. Person. (See definition below.) Any foreign corporation, or business entity not incorporated to do business in the U.S.
ITAR: International Traffic in Arms Regulations
  • Control the export and import of defense related articles and services on the United States Munitions List.
MTCRA: Missile Technology Control Regime Annex
  • Produced by the United States Government for the purpose of facilitating effective export controls on MTCR Annex items.
NISPOM: National Industrial Security Program Operations Manual
  • National Industrial Security Program Operations Manual - The Department of Defense manual that provides baseline standards to protect classified information released or disclosed to industry and researchers in connection with classified DOD contracts.
NLR: No license required
  • A designation generally referring to EAR99 items on the Commerce Control List that do not require a license for export. Exports of an EAR99 item to an embargoed country, an end-user of concern or in support of a prohibited end-use may require an export license.
OFAC: Office of Foreign Assets Controls
  • An office of the U.S. Department of the Treasury that administers and enforces economic and trade sanctions based on U.S. foreign policy and national security concerns.
ORS: Office of Research Services
  • The ORS supports the mission of Texas Tech by providing administrative and management services for sponsored projects. Sponsored projects include grants, contracts, and cooperative agreements–from both the public and private sectors–which support research, instructional and service projects.
TCP: Technology Control Plan
  • The purpose of a technology control plan is to control the access and dissemination of export controlled information, materials, technology, data, etc. in compliance with federal export regulations. It assures that everyone working on a project understands the obligations under the export control law and regulations.
USML: United States Munitions List
  • A list of articles, services and related technical data designated as defense articles and defense services under the Arms Export Control Act. The Directorate of Defense Trade Controls classifies these items and publishes information in the Federal Register when designations are changed. Export and import of these items are controlled by International Traffic in Arms Regulations.
U.S. Person
  • A U.S. citizen, or a lawful permanent resident alien of the U.S. (a "green card" holder), a refugee or someone here as a protected political asylee or under amnesty. It includes organizations incorporated in the U.S. including universities.