A&S Faculty News
D'Auria Looking to Make Meds in Space
John D'Auria, an assistant professor in the Department of Chemistry & Biochemistry, is looking for ways to make plant-based medicines in outer space—an environment decidedly hostile to plants: no soil, no water, no oxygen, no sunlight. Many medicines used on Earth depend on chemicals that come from plants, so any realistic chance for future space exploration will require a way to treat illnesses without making a pharmacy run back "home." According to a study published Dec. 11 in the online journal Nature Communications, D'Auria and his colleagues report that, by discovering the genes and enzymes plants use to form the second ring in tropane alkaloids' core structure, they will be able to develop new, novel ways to produce these important chemicals. "The bigger picture here is certainly the ability to start making these compounds in organisms that usually don't make them, for example bacteria, yeast and other plants," D'Auria said. "Compounds like this are great candidates for engineering in yeast or bacteria because we can then use them as substitutes for classical organic synthesis for the prospects of space exploration." He went on to add that space has no petrochemicals, either. "That means if we want to make complex organic molecules, we will need to use bacteria, yeasts and plants to make them for us. This is the ultimate goal of our grant, and the paper is a major step on that road." Also working in the research team are Horn Professor Guigen Li and associate professor Michael Findlater, both from Texas Tech; and Cornelius Barry, Matt Bedewitz and Daniel Jones from Michigan State University.
Lima Named Poet of The Year
Rossy Evelin Lima, a visiting assistant professor in the Department of Classical & Modern Languages & Literatures, received the Poet of the Year Award at the Instituto Cervantes in New York, The Americas Poetry Festival of New York (TAPFY) on Oct. 12, 2018. The director of TAPFNY, Carlos Aguasaco, and orgranizers Yrene Santos and Carlos Velásquez Torres, granted Lima the award "in recognition for her literary achievements and for her poetry that reflects the dreams of her generation and the true spirit of the Americas." She was selected from a roster of 43 distinguished poets from around the world representing 18 countries and seven languages. Lima is the author of the bilingual poetry collection "Migrare Mutare / Migrate Mutate" (Artepoetica Press, 2017) and the trilingual children's book "Noyolkanyolkej." Her work has been published in numerous journals, magazines and anthologies in nine countries. Lima's other recognitions include the Premio Internazionale La Finestra Eterea award (Milan, Italy, 2017); the Premio Orgullo Fronterizo Mexicano award by the Institute for Mexicans Abroad (Texas, 2016); the Premio Internazionale di Poesia Altino award (Venice, Italy, 2015); and the National Gabriela Mistral Award by the Hispanic Honor Society (USA, 2010), among others. She is the president and founder of the Latin American Foundation for the Arts, the founder of the International Latin American Poetry Festival (FeIPoL), and the founder of Jade Publishing. More information about the award and Lima's achievements may be found at this link.
Hayhoe to Speak at Nobel Peace Forum in December
Katharine Hayhoe, professor in the Department of Political Science and co-director of TTU's Climate Science Center, has been invited to participate in one of the most distinguished forums in the world by the Norwegian Nobel Institute. Hayhoe will join other world leaders on climate science, policy and solutions as part of the 2018 Nobel Peace Prize Forum Oslo at the University of Oslo, Norway. The forum, scheduled for Dec. 11 and titled "How to Solve the Climate Crisis in Time," will follow the keynote speech delivered by former U.S. vice president and 2007 Nobel Peace Prize laureate Al Gore. "I'm honored to participate in this event, and I appreciate the decision of the Nobel Peace Prize Forum to use this event to highlight the urgency of a changing climate," Hayhoe said in an Oct. 11 Texas Tech Today article. "Just last week, the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change released its latest report, detailing in stark terms the future of our world if we don't take immediate action to reduce carbon emissions. A global conversation about how we can sensibly and safely accomplish this goal is exactly what we need right now." Past keynote speakers for this event have included former U.S. Secretary of State Henry Kissinger, former U.S. National Security Advisor Zbigniew Brzezinski, and Riboberta Menchú Tum, a human rights activist from Guatemala. The forum will be streamed live by Nobel Media and will be accessible on YouTube.
Lewis Speaks on 'Civil Counterpoints' Panel
Col. David Lewis, USAF (Retired), director of the strategic studies graduate program in the Department of Political Science, headed a panel of guest speakers Oct. 1 at "Global (Dis)order? The U.S. Role in International Affairs." This was the sixth installment of the Civil Counterpoints series, held at Texas Tech University. Discussion, like all in the series, was designed to encourage civility and open-mindedness in public discourse of controversial topics. The evening's program addressed questions such as, "Is 'America First' America's best? Do traditional alliances still matter? Does 'free trade' promote international partnerships and peace or inequality and class warfare? Can the United States be a world leader without securing its own borders?" Joining Lewis on the panel were Jamie Bologna Pavlik, a research fellow at TTU's Free Market Institute and an assistant professor of agricultural and applied economics in the College of Agricultural Sciences and Natural Resources(CASNR) Robert Murphy, a research assistant professor in TTU's Free Market Institute; and Mark Tokola, vice president of the Korea Economic Institute of America in Washington, D.C. Jorge Ramírez, the Walter and Anne Huffman Professor of Law in the Texas Tech School of Law, served as moderator.
Weiss Receives $700,000 Tornado Research Grant
Chris Weiss, professor of atmospheric science in the Department of Geosciences, has received a research grant of almost $700,000 from the National Science Foundation. The money will fund "Targeted Observation by Radars and Unmanned Aircraft Systems of Supercells" (TORUS). According to a Sept. 18 article originally published by Texas Tech Today, this research will take place during May-June of 2019 and 2020, and is the third step of an intercollegiate project with the University of Colorado and the University of Nebraska. The effort focuses on the development of new technologies and strategies that can be used to intelligently sample the atmosphere with novel in situ and radar measurements. The TORUS project will take the developed technologies and use them to gather an improved understanding and prediction of tornadoes within severe thunderstorms.
Anderson May Hold Record for Service
Todd Anderson, professor in the Department of Environmental Toxicology, received the Outstanding Regional Chapter Member Award for 2018 from the Society of Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry (SETAC). Anderson served the South Central Regional Chapter as treasurer for 17 years and organized/chaired three regional meetings during that time: one in Lubbock and two at TTU-Junction. The award has been presented annually since 2007 to a regional chapter member of SETAC who has consistently contributed to the development or functioning of the Society at the regional chapter level. Also, Anderson has stepped down as chair of the Awards Committee in the Environmental Chemistry Division of the American Chemical Society (ACS). He served in that capacity for 21 years. The Awards Committee exists to administer the division's award programs, which are heavily focused on graduate students. "I don't think they keep records of such things, but if they did, that would be a record," Anderson said of his length of service, adding that before his tenure, the normal service as chair of that committee has historically been three to four years. "My record may stand for a while—at least for the next 21 years," he said.
Wenthe Reading Launches This Year's Series
William Wenthe, professor in the Department of English and Lubbock's first poet laureate, read from his recent works on Sept. 6, as the Department of English began its 2018-19 TTU Creative Writing Program Reading Series. Wenthe has authored four books of poems: "God's Foolishness" in 2016; "Words Before Dawn" in 2012; "Not Till We Are Lost" in 2003; and "Birds of Hoboken" in 1995. "Not Till We Are Lost" won the Best Book of Poetry Award from the Texas Institute of Letters. His awards include fellowships from the National Endowment for the Arts and Texas Commission on the Arts, and two Pushcart Prizes. Wenthe has published poems in journals including Poetry, The Paris Review, The Georgia Review, Tin House, Orion, TriQuarterly, and The Southern Review. In addition, he teaches 20th Century British Poetry and has written articles on Yeats, H. D., poetic form and literary theory. Jessica Smith, a PhD student in English & Creative Writing, also read from her works at the event, as did Robby Taylor, a PhD student in Literature & Creative Writing.
Corsi Team Detects Superfast Jet Material from Neutron Star Merger
Alessandra Corsi, an associate professor in the Department of Physics & Astronomy, is on the team of astrophysicists who are the first to use both gravitational waves and electromagnetic waves to detect a superfast jet of material from a neutron star merger. Their findings, published Sept. 5 in the online version of the journal Nature, were confirmed by radio observations. "After our very first detection of a radio glow from the neutron star, our team continued to monitor this fantastic event for months," Corsi was quoted as saying in a Sept. 5 Texas Tech Today article. "We not only continued to track the evolution of the radio light curve, but also employed techniques such as radio polarimetry and Very Long Baseline Interferometry (VLBI) to probe the structure of the ejecta in detail. This VLBI result is particularly exciting as it reveals that jets formed in binary neutron star mergers can have a more complex structure than previously thought." The neutron star merger gave rise to the gravitational wave event GW170817, which was observed by orbiting and ground-based telescopes around the world. Scientists watched as the characteristics of the received waves changed with time, then used the changes as clues to reveal the nature of the phenomena that followed the merger. The detection of a fast-moving jet in GW170817 greatly strengthens the connection between neutron star mergers and short-duration gamma-ray bursts, the scientists said. They added that the jets need to be pointed relatively closely toward the Earth for the gamma-ray burst to be detected. "We were lucky to be able to observe this event, because if the jet had been pointed much farther away from Earth, the radio emission would have been too faint for us to detect," said Gregg Hallinan of Caltech, one of the astrophysicists on the research team.
Akchurin Becomes Associate Dean for Research
Nural Akchurin, professor and high-energy particle physicist, moves from his position as chair of the Department of Physics & Astronomy to become the College of Arts & Sciences' new associate dean of research, effective Sept. 1. He has been working on the Compact Muon Solenoid experiment using the Large Hadron Collider at CERN, the European Organization for Research, since 1994. One of the highlights of his work there was the 2012 discovery of the Higgs boson, a fundamental particle and a game-changer in particle physics because all particles acquire their masses via the Higgs boson. The discovery was awarded the 2013 Nobel prize in physics. Akchurin's current research focuses on uncharted territories at the high-energy frontier, including dark matter and dark energy. He also is leading the high-granularity silicon detector development for the next-generation experiments at CERN.
Bradatan Becomes Chair of SASW
Cristina Bradatan, associate professor of sociology, returns from a Fulbright Scholarship in Romania to become chair of the Department of Sociology, Anthropology & Social Work, effective Sept. 1. She specializes in migration and human-environment interaction and also is a faculty member in the Texas Tech Climate Science Center. Bradatan spent the spring semester interviewing farmers in three rural Romanian communities and collecting literature to understand what makes people cooperate when faced with environmental problems, specifically drought.
Mulligan Becomes Chair of Geosciences
Kevin Mulligan, associate professor of geography, becomes chair of the Department of Geosciences, effective Sept. 1. He is a faculty member in the Center for Geospatial Technology and adviser for the graduate certificate program in Geographic Information Science and Technology. Mulligan specializes in the environmental and geographic issues of West Texas and the southern Great Plains, with research projects including mapping the Ogallala Aquifer and projecting its usable lifetime, mapping changes in agricultural land use, and mapping the development of wind energy across the region.
Lee Becomes Interim Chair of Physics & Astronomy
Sung-Won Lee, professor and high-energy particle physicist, becomes interim chair of the Department of Physics & Astronomy, effective Sept. 1. Lee is a member of Texas Tech's experimental High Energy Physics group. Lee works with the Large Hadron Collider at CERN, the European Organization for Research, to try to discover the fundamental building blocks of the physical world and answer some of the most profound questions about the structure of matter and the evolution of the universe. His approach combines two main lines of research: improving the detector's sensitivity and using the detector in detailed studies of the Standard Model Higgs boson, in precision measurements of Standard Model physics and in searches for physics beyond the Standard Model at the energy frontier.
Pereira-Muro Becomes Chair of CMLL
Carmen Pereira-Muro, professor of Spanish language and literature, will becomes the new chair of the Department of Classical & Modern Languages & Literatures, effective Sept. 1. She has served as recruiter for the Spanish graduate program, a fellow of the Texas Tech Humanities Center and associate department chair since 2015. Pereira-Muro's research focuses on Spanish 18th- and 19th-century literature and culture, Romantic and post-Romantic poetry, gender and nationalism, Spanish cultural studies and Galician studies.
Zak Becomes Interim Chair of Biological Sciences
John Zak, professor of biology, moves from his position as associate dean of research for the College of Arts & Sciences to become the interim chair of the Department of Biological Sciences, effective Sept. 1. He also is co-director of the Texas Tech Climate Science Center and Texas Tech's principle investigator for the regional South Central Climate Adaptation Science Center. Zak is a soil microbial ecologist whose research seeks to understand how climate variability and human disturbances regulate soil microbial diversity and activity from the cotton fields of West Texas to the Chihuahuan Desert at Big Bend National Park. His lab is focused on understanding how soil microbial dynamics and processes are critical for ensuring that these systems are sustainable for future generations.
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2016 FACULTY NEWS
"Moments of Joy and Heartbreak: 66 Significant Episodes in the History of the Pittsburgh Pirates"
Jorge Iber, Associate Dean of the College of Arts & Sciences and Professor in the Department of History, leads as author and editor in this 208-page paperback, "Moments of Joy and Heartbreak: 66 Significant Episodes in the History of the Pittsburgh Pirates." The Pittsburgh Pirates have a long history, peppered with moments significant both to Pirates fans and Major League Baseball. While the Pirates are recognized as fielding the first all-black lineup in 1971, the 66 games in this book include one of the first matchups in the majors to involve two non-white opening hurlers (Native American and Cuban) in June 1921. We relive no-hitters, World Series-winning homers, and encounter the story of the last tripleheader ever played in major-league baseball. Some of the games are wins; some are losses. All of these essays provide readers with a sense of the totality of the Pirates' experiences: the joy, the heartbreak, and other aspects of baseball (and life) in between. This book is the work of 37 members of the Society for American Baseball Research (SABR), SABR Digital Library, Vol. 46, paperback. (Society for American Baseball Research, March 2018)
"True Sex: the Lives of Trans Men at the Turn of the Twentieth Century"
Emily Skidmore, Assistant Professor in the Department of History, uncovers the stories of 18 trans men who lived in the United States between 1876 and 1936 in "True Sex, the Lives of Trans Men at the Turn of the Twentieth Century." At the turn of the 20th century, trans men were not necessarily urban rebels seeking to overturn stifling gender roles. In fact, they often sought to pass as conventional men, choosing to live in small towns where they led ordinary lives, aligning themselves with the expectations of their communities. They were, in a word, unexceptional. Despite the "unexceptional" quality of their lives, their stories are nonetheless surprising and moving, challenging much of what we think we know about queer history. By tracing the narratives surrounding the moments of "discovery" in these communities—from reports in local newspapers to medical journals and beyond—this book challenges the assumption that the full story of modern American sexuality is told by cosmopolitan radicals. Rather, "True Sex" reveals complex narratives concerning rural geography and community, persecution and tolerance, and how these factors intersect with the history of race, identity and sexuality in America. (NYU Press, September 2017)
"The Restless Indian Plate and Its Epic Voyage from Gondwana to Asia"
Sankar Chatterjee, Horn Professor in the Department of Geosciences, writes that the fossil history of animal life in India is central to our understanding of the tectonic evolution of Gondwana, the dispersal of India, its northward journey, and its collision with Asia in "The Restless Indian Plate and Its Epic Voyage from Gondwana to Asia" . According to a review in Phys.org, "This beautifully illustrated volume provides the only detailed overview of the paleobiogeographic, tectonic, and paleoclimatic evolution of the Indian plate from Gondwana to Asia," and quotes Chatterjee and his colleagues as saying, "The tectonic evolution of the Indian plate represents one of the most dramatic and epic voyages of all drifting continents: 9,000 kilometers in 160 million years. ... The extensive reshuffling of the Indian plate was accompanied by multiple temporary filter bridges, resulting in the cosmopolitan nature of tetrapod fauna." The review goes on to conclude that "This thorough, up-to-date volume is a must-have reference for researchers and students in Indian geology, paleontology, plate tectonics, and collision of continents." (The Geological Society of America, July 2017)
"Modern Sport Ethics: A Reference Handbook, 2nd Edition"
Angela Lumpkin, Professor and Chair of the Department of Exercise & Sport Science, offers, in "Modern Sport Ethics: A Reference Handbook, 2nd Edition," descriptions and examples of unethical behaviors in sport that will challenge readers to think about how they view sport and question whether participating in sport builds character—especially at the youth and amateur levels. Sport potentially can teach character as well as social and moral values, but only when these positive concepts are consistently taught, modeled, and reinforced by sport leaders with the moral courage to do so. The seeming moral crisis threatening amateur and youth sport—evidenced by athletes, coaches, and parents alike making poor ethical choices—and ongoing scandals regarding performance-enhancing drug use by professional athletes make sports ethics a topic of great concern. This work enables readers to better understand the ethical challenges facing competitive sport by addressing issues such as gamesmanship, doping, cheating, sportsmanship, fair play, and respect for the game. A compelling read for coaches, sport administrators, players, parents, and sport fans, the book examines specific examples of unethical behaviors—many cases of which occur in amateur and educational sports—to illustrate how these incidents threaten the perception that sport builds character. It identifies and investigates the multiple reasons for cheating in sport, such as the fact that the rewards for succeeding are so high, and the feeling of athletes that they must behave as they do to "level the playing field" because everyone else is cheating, being violent, taking performance-enhancing drugs, or doing whatever it takes to win. Readers will gain insight into how coaches and sport administrators can achieve the goals for youth, interscholastic, intercollegiate, and Olympic sport by stressing moral values and character development as well as see how specific recommendations can help ensure that sport can serve to build character rather than teach bad behavior in the pursuit of victory. (ABC-CLIO, December 2016)
"Introduction to Physical Education, Exercise Science, and Sport" 10th Edition
Angela Lumpkin, Professor and Chair of the Department of Exercise & Sport Science, gives college students a wide-angle view of physical education, exercise science, sport, and the wealth of careers available in these fields in the 10th Edition of "Introduction to Physical Education, Exercise Science, and Sport." The textbook provides the principles, history, and future of physical education, exercise science, and sport. Lumpkin's clear writing style engages the reader while covering the most important introductory topics in this updated introduction to the world of physical education. (McGraw-Hill, July 2016)
William Wenthe, Professor in the Department Of English, explores painful and fleeting emotions within the 96 pages of "God's Foolishness." Here, he mines the feelings of human uncertainty in matters of love and desire, time and death, and uncovers difficult truths with transformative insights. These are poems of crisis. Wenthe examines our conflicting urges to see nature as sustenance and to foolishly destroy it. His poems shift from close observation to panorama with cinematic fluidity, from a tea mug to an ancient monument, from a warbler on an elm branch to the specter of imminent natural disaster. Offering passion and intellect balanced with a careful concern for poetic craft, Wenthe's "God's Foolishness" gives us fine poems to savor and admire. Watch the YouTube video here. (LSU, May 2016)
"Before the Gregorian Reform: The Latin Church at the Turn of the First Millennium"
John Howe, Professor in the Department of History, challenges the familiar narrative that the era from about 1050 to 1150 was the pivotal moment in the history of the Latin Church. The status quo states it was then that the Gregorian Reform movement established the ecclesiastical structure that would ensure Rome's dominance throughout the Middle Ages and beyond. In "Before the Gregorian Reform," Howe examines earlier, "pre-Gregorian" reform efforts within the Church—and finds that they were more extensive and widespread than previously thought and that they actually established a foundation for the subsequent Gregorian Reform movement. The low point in the history of Christendom came in the late ninth and early tenth centuries—a period when much of Europe was overwhelmed by barbarian raids and widespread civil disorder, which left the Church in a state of disarray. As Howe shows, however, the destruction gave rise to creativity. Aristocrats and churchmen rebuilt churches and constructed new ones, competing against each other so that church building, like castle building, acquired its own momentum. Patrons strove to improve ecclesiastical furnishings, liturgy, and spirituality. Schools were constructed to staff the new churches. Moreover, Howe shows that these reform efforts paralleled broader economic, social, and cultural trends in Western Europe including the revival of long-distance trade, the rise of technology, and the emergence of feudal lordship. The result was that by the mid-eleventh century a wealthy, unified, better-organized, better-educated, more spiritually sensitive Latin Church was assuming a leading place in the broader Christian world. "Before the Gregorian Reform" challenges us to rethink the history of the Church and its place in the broader narrative of European history. Compellingly written and generously illustrated, it is a book for all medievalists as well as general readers interested in the Middle Ages and Church history. (Cornell University Press, March 2016)
"New Developments in Biological and Chemical Terrorism Countermeasures"
Ronald J. Kendal, Professor of Environmental Toxicology; Steven Presley, Professor of Immuno-toxicology; and Seshadri Ramkumar, Professor of Countermeasures to Biological Threats, all from the Department of Environmental Toxicology, have co-edited the newly published textbook, “New Developments in Biological and Chemical Terrorism Countermeasures.” The volume compiles a decade's worth of research through TTU's Admiral Elmo R. Zumwalt, Jr. National Program for Countermeasures to Biological and Chemical Threats, and updated many changes in the field since an earlier book, “Advances in Biological and Chemical Terrorism Countermeasures,” came out in 2008. “It's not just for college students,” Ramkumar said. “It's a tool for people in the field, from first responders all the way to policy makers.” (CRC Press, February 2016)
"Psychoanalytic Treatment in Adults: A Longitudinal Study of Change"
Rosemary Cogan, Adjunct Professor in the Department of Psychological Sciences, is co-author of "Psychonalytic Treatment in Adults: A longitudinal study of change." The book draws from 60 first-hand case studies to explore the outcomes of psychoanalytic treatment, providing examples of the long-term effectiveness of psychoanalytic and psychodynamic work as it delineates negative therapeutic treatment and discusses crucial changes in care. Outcomes of psychoanalysis, as with other psychotherapies, vary considerably. Cogan and her co-author, J.H. Porcerelli, used the Shedler-Westen Assessment Procedure to describe a patient at the beginning of psychoanalysis and every six months until the analysis ended. This allowed the authors to learn about changes over analysis and, in turn, improved treatment planning and practice for the well-being of other patients. Findings will be of interest to researchers and academics in the fields of psychoanalysis, psychotherapy, psychodynamic therapy, psychoanalytic education, psychiatry and psychology, and should also help clinicians recognize potential problems early in analytic treatments in order to work more effectively with patients. (Routeledge, February 2016)