Texas Tech University

Student Organization's Constitution & By-Laws

For a PDF version of the Constitution & Bylaws click here.

To watch the Constitution & Bylaws presentation click here.


This document is intended to serve as an example when you are drafting your Constitution. The Student Involvement staff will review all new and revised Constitutions and By-Laws. The Constitution of your organization can be more detailed than this example. For additional questions regarding your Constitution or By-Laws, please contact Student Involvement at 806-742-5433 or studentorgs@ttu.edu.

The Constitution of an organization contains the fundamental principles which govern its operation. A constitution will serve to clarify the organization's purpose, outline its basic structure, and provide a cornerstone for building an effective organization. It will also allow members and potential members to have a better understanding of the organization's purpose, and mission and how the organization functions.

Article I - Name

Section 1 The Name of the organization shall be ________________.

Special Note: The name of the organization cannot include Red Raiders, Texas Tech, TTU, or Texas Tech University. The name can include "Raiders" or "Tech."

Section 2 Identify any affiliations with national, regional, etc. groups and specify what the relationship is between the Texas Tech student organization and the other groups.

Article II - Purpose

Section 1 The purpose of the organization shall be to ______________. Special Note: Be as detailed as possible because your group will be limited to those actions listed here.

Article III - Membership

Section 1 Membership Requirements/Selection (list the requirement for membership; include explanation of selection process, member rights and responsibilities, and explanation of member dues).

Special Notes: Student organizations need to have at least five member in order to be registered at Texas Tech University.

Section 2 Membership Removal Process (this process should outline steps to hold organization members accountable and to remove members from the organization).

Section 3 Anti-discrimination Statement

Special Notes: An example of this could be: [Organization Name] does not deny or define membership on the basis of race, color, religion, national origin, gender, age, disability, citizenship, veteran status, sexual orientation, gender identity, or gender expression

Special Notes: The only exception to defining membership in a student organization is if a registered student organization is created primarily for religious purposes, they may restrict the right to vote or hold office to persons who subscribe to the registered student organization's religious beliefs. All student organizations registering as a single-sex social fraternity or social sorority also have an exception to defining their membership if the can show proof of their Title IX to Student Involvement by providing their letter of exemption from their national affiliate with their IRS 501(c)7 number.

Article IV - Officers

Section 1 The officers of the organization will be made up of _____________. Special Note: The following officers/positions must be listed in the Constitution: President, Treasurer & Student Organization Representative Council (SORC Rep), and Faculty/Staff Advisors and/or Additional Advisor. All officers must be Texas Tech students.

Section 2 List the qualifications for each officer.

Article V - Meetings

Section 1 Regular meetings of this student organization shall be held (monthly, bi-monthly, quarterly, etc.)

Section 2 Quorum will consist of a _______ % of members who are present at the meeting. Special Note: Often listed as either two-thirds or three-fourths of active membership.

Article VI - Relationship with Other Organizations*

Section 1 State any present or intended relation the organization may have to other local, state, or national organizations. Special Note: Some organizations do not have a relationship with other local, state, or national organizations. In this case, please explicitly state the situation of non-affiliation.

Article VII - Committees (Not required by Student Handbook; Optional Section)

Section 1 Structure of the Committees

Section 2 Standing Committees and responsibilities for each committee. This would also describe the make-up of each standing committee, and how members of the committee are selected.

Article VIII - Advisor

Section 1 There will be one faculty/staff advisor of the student organization. The faculty/staff advisor will not have any voting privileges and be an ex-officio member. Special Note: All changes to faculty/staff advisors must be made within ten business days in TechConnect and a new university advisor agreement form must be uploaded to the org's "Documents" on their TechConnect page.

Section 2 The process of selecting a new advisor. Special Note: Student Involvement has a list of faculty/staff members who have indicated they would like to serve as an advisor of student organizations.

Section 3 Responsibilities of the advisor. Special Note: Organizations should talk to their advisors about the role and responsibilities they want to have in the organization. Student Involvement has resources to help organizations talk to their advisors about their role in advising the student organization.

Article IX - Legal Agreement

Section 1 The organization agrees to abide by all federal, state, and local laws; and by Texas Tech University Policies and Procedures.

Article X - Amendments

Section 1 Amendments to the Constitution can be passed by a vote of _______________ (majority, two-thirds, three-fourths, etc.).

Section 2 Process of purposing the amendment to the Constitution.

Include the date of creation or last revision.


The By-Laws establish specific rules of guidance by which the organization is to function. The Constitution covers fundamental principles, bot not procedures for operating the constitution. By-Laws set forth in detail the procedures the organization must follow to conduct business in an orderly manner. They provide further definition to the Constitution and can be changed more easily as the needs for the organization change. By-Laws must not contradict provisions in the Constitution. 

Student Involvement accepts Constitution and/or By-Laws. They can be included in the same document. The Consitution/By-Laws must meet the requirements of the Student Handbook.

Other Recommendations

It is the recommended that the Constitution and By-Laws of the student organization be reviewed regularly. The needs of the organization will change over time, and it is important to review the Constitution and By-Laws on a regular basis.

Student Involvement recommends that your organization upload a copy of the latest Constitution and By-Laws to the "Documents" section of the student organization's TechConnect page so all members can review it. A review and study of the Constitution and By-Laws should be included when officer transition is conducted.