Texas Tech University

Export Controlled Items

Types of export controlled item and their listings, including the US Munitions List (USML), the Commerce Control List (CCL) and controlled pathogen/toxin.

US Munitions List | Commerce Control List Pathogens and Toxins | Chemicals, Chemical Agent Precursors, Propellants, Explosives, and Energetic Materials

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Munitions and Dual-Use Items

Items, information, and software subject to US Export Control Laws and used in a university environment are generally categorized on the following two lists:

US Munitions List (USML)

Published by the US State Department in its International Traffic in Arms Regulations (ITAR)

  • Category I
    Firearms, Close Assault Weapons, and Combat Shotguns
  • Category II
    Guns and Armament
  • Category III
  • Category IV
    Launch Vehicles, Guided Missiles, Ballistic Missiles, Rockets, Torpedoes, Bombs, and Mines
  • Category V
    Explosives and Energetic Materials, Propellants, Incendiary Agents, and Their Constituents
  • Category VI
    Surface Vessels of War and Special Naval Equipment
  • Category VII
    Ground Vehicles
  • Category VIII
    Aircraft and Related Articles
  • Category IX
    Military Training Equipment
  • Category X
    Personal Protective Equipment
  • Category XI
    Military Electronics
  • Category XII
    Fire Control, Range Finder, Optical, Guidance, and Control Equipment
  • Category XIII
    Materials and Miscellaneous Articles
  • Category XIV
    Toxicological Agents, Including Chemical Agents, Biological Agents, and Associated Equipment
  • Category XV
    Spacecraft Systems and Associated Equipment
  • Category XVI
    Nuclear Weapons Related Articles
  • Category XVII
    Classified Articles, Technical Data, and Defense Services Not Otherwise Enumerated
  • Category XVIII
    Directed Energy Weapons
  • Category XIX
    Gas Turbine Engines and Associated Equipment
  • Category XX
    Submersible Vessels and Related Articles
  • Category XXI
    Articles, Technical Data, and Defense Services Not Otherwise Enumerated


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Commerce Control List (CCL)

Published by the US Commerce Department in its Export Administration Regulations (EAR)

  • Category 0
    Nuclear Materials, Facilities & Equipment (including Miscellaneous Items)
  • Category 1
    Materials, Chemicals, Microorganisms, and Toxins
  • Category 2
    Materials Processing
  • Category 3
    Electronics Design, Development and Productions
  • Category 4
  • Category 5
    Part 1: Telecommunications
    Part 2: Information Security
  • Category 6
    Sensors and Lasers
  • Category 7
    Navigation and Avionics
  • Category 8
  • Category 9
    Aerospace and Propulsion


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Pathogens and Toxins

The Export Administration Regulations (EAR) and the International Traffic in Arms Regulations (ITAR) contain provisions that control pathogens and toxins. The level of control is different depending on which regulations control a particular item. Genetic elements containing nucleic acid sequences associated with the pathogenicity of listed microorganisms or for any of the toxins are also regulated.

Pathogens and toxins on the Commerce Control List can be found at ECCNs 1C351 through 1C360 (click on Category 1, pages 64-73 of the .pdf) If a researcher wants to ship an EAR controlled pathogen or toxin outside the U.S., or wants to provide confidential, proprietary or export controlled information about development or production of an EAR controlled biological, the PI may need either an export license or a "deemed" export license. For information regarding licenses contact william.wells@ttu.edu.

The International Traffic in Arms Regulations regulate "biological agents and biologically derived substances specifically developed, configured, adapted, or modified for the purpose of increasing their capability to produce casualties in humans or livestock, degrade equipment or damage crops." Equipment used with biological materials may be included under this category if they are specifically designed or modified for military operations.


Chemicals, Chemical Agent Precursors, Propellants, Explosives, and Energetic Materials

The ITAR controls certain military-related chemicals, chemical agent precursors, propellants, explosives and energetic materials at Category V and Category XIV of the US Munitions List (USML). In addition, under the provisions of the International Chemical Weapons Convention, the United States may require special declarations related to chemical shipments under either the ITAR or the EAR. 

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