Teaches about explorers such as Pierre Charles L'Enfant, Christopher Columbus, Rene Auguste Chouteau, and others who created new communities. Leads into a study of government, including its purpose; structure of local, state, and national government; democratic principles and processes; patriotic identity; and the importance of civic responsibility. Also teaches climate, landforms, and natural resources. Students learn to use scale, compass rose, grid, and symbols to locate places on maps and globes. Focuses on cultural celebrations in the United States and other nations and human relationships between and among cultures. View TEKS.