Texas Tech University

Paul B. Ingram, Ph.D.

Assistant Professor
Psychological Sciences, Counseling Program

Email: paul.ingram@ttu.edu

Phone: (806) 834-3354

CV: Click here
Office hours: Monday 1-3 via Blackboard Collaborate
Lab: 401

Lab Site: ingramlab.wordpress.com

B.A., University of North Carolina at Asheville
M.A., Western Carolina University (Clinical)
Ph.D., University of Kansas (Counseling)
Internship, Eastern Kansas Veteran Affairs


Research Interests

My research focuses on two areas. First, my research focuses on improving diagnostic efficiency. Much of this work has centered on individuals who served in the military or who are active duty currently using personlity assessment inventories like the MMPI-2-RF or MMPI-A-RF. My research in these populations is on diagnostic effectiveness in issues related to trauma/posttraumatic stress disorder, symptom exaggeration/denial/misrepresentation detection, and depression. Broadly speaking, the goal of that work is to effectively identify individuals with substantive clinical concerns that may necessitate additional services. Secondly, I also conduct research in on treatment utilization with a focus on predicting who starts/drops-out of  clinical services and examining  the effectiveness of psychological treatments (generally those related to trauma/depression). My work on treatment engagement is aimed at predicting factors influencing attitudes about mental health as well as predicting actual treatment behaviors (e.g., early termination, symptom reduction patterns while in therapy, therapy engagement).

Are you taking graduation students this fall?

I currently anticipate taking 1-2 graduate students during the Fall 2020 application cycle. This will update this status at the start of the fall semester as that becomes solidified. Thank you for your interest - feel free to e-mail me with questions.

Undergraduate Research Assistant

Below is a link to my research lab. If you are interested in being part of my team here at Tech, take the time to carefully fill out this application so that you may be considered. I have an amazing team of graduate and undergraduate students and I am regularly looking for more highly qualified students who want to join us. 


Selected Research Articles

Additional information about papers and projects are available on my personal website.
  • Ingram, P.B., Golden, B.L., & Arminstead-Jehle. (2020). Evaluating the Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory-2-Restructured Form (MMPI-2-RF) over-reporting scales in a military neuropsychology clinic. Journal of Clinical and Experimental Neuropsychology
  • Ingram, P.B., Tarescavage, A.M., Ben-Porath, Y.S., & Oehlert, M.E. (2019). Comparing MMPI-2-Restructured Form Scores by Service Era for Veterans assessed within the Veteran Affairs Healthcare System. Journal of Clinical Psychology in Medical Settings. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10880-019-09650-2
  • Ingram, P.B., Tarescavage, A.M., Ben-Porath, Y.S., & Oehlert, M.E. (2019). Descriptive characteristics of the MMPI-2-Restructured Form (MMPI-2-RF) substantive scores across a national sample of four Veteran Affair treatment settings. Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment41, 329-340. doi: 10.1007/s10862-019-09727-0
  • Ingram, P.B., Tarescavage, A.M., Ben-Porath, Y.S., & Oehlert, M.E. (2019). Validity scales: Patterns observed across Veteran Affairs settings [Measurement-Based Care and Psychological Assessment in Mental Health Services]. Psychological Services. Advanced Online Publication. doi: 10.1037/ser0000339
  • Ingram, P.B., Schmidt, A.T., & Cribbet, M. (2019). Trends in training and trainee competence in personality assessment in Health Service Psychology doctoral students: A pilot study. Training and Education in Professional Psychology. Advanced Online Publication. doi: 10.1037/tep0000249 

  • Ingram, P.B., Mosier, N.J., Sharpnack, J.D., & Golden, B. (2019). Evaluating symptom endorsement typographies of trauma-exposed veterans on the Personality Assessment Inventory: A latent profile analysis. Current Psychology. Advanced Online Publication. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12144-019-00486-5

  • Cole, B.P., & Ingram, P.B. (2019). Where do I turn for help? Gender role conflict, self-stigma, and college men's help seeking for depression. Psychology of Men and Masculinities. Advanced Online Publication. https://doi.org/10.1037/men0000245
  • Ingram, P.B., Lichtenberg, J.W., & Clarke, E. (2016). Self-stigma, personality traits, and willingness to seek treatment in a community sample. Psychological Services, 13, 300-307. doi: 10.1037/ser000008