Texas Tech University

Paul B. Ingram, Ph.D.

Assistant Professor
Psychological Sciences, Counseling Program

Email: paul.ingram@ttu.edu

Phone: (806) 834-3354

CV: August 2019
Office hours: 9:00-10:00 TWH, or by appointment (Summer 2019)
Lab: 401

Lab Site: ingramlab.wordpress.com

B.A., University of North Carolina at Asheville
M.A., Western Carolina University (Clinical)
Ph.D., University of Kansas (Counseling)
Internship, Eastern Kansas Veteran Affairs


Research Interests

My research focuses on two areas. I am interested in personality measurement using the MMPI-2/MMPI-2-RF, particularly factors influencing measurement of military and veteran relevant issues (e.g., both substantive clinical presentation [such as PTSD and TBI] as well as issues related to validity scale functioning). This is the area where a majority of my work is done.  I also study mental health treatment seeking and the role of attitudinal process on service engagement and continued utilization. My work on treatment engagement is aimed at predicting factors influencing attitudes about mental health as well as predicting actual treatment behaviors (e.g., early termination, symptom reduction patterns while in therapy, therapy engagement).

Selected Research Articles

Additional information about papers and projects are available on my personal website.
  • Ingram, P.B., Tarescavage, A.M., Ben-Porath, Y.S., & Oehlert, M.E. (2019). Descriptive characteristics of the MMPI-2-Restructured Form (MMPI-2-RF) substantive scores across a national sample of four Veteran Affair treatment settings. Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment. Advanced Online Publication. doi: 10.1007/s10862-019-09727-0
  • Ingram, P.B., Tarescavage, A.M., Ben-Porath, Y.S., & Oehlert, M.E. (2019). Validity scales: Patterns observed across Veteran Affairs settings [Measurement-Based Care and Psychological Assessment in Mental Health Services]. Psychological Services. Advanced Online Publication. doi: 10.1037/ser0000339
  • Ingram, P.B., Schmidt, A.T., & Cribbet, M. (2019). Trends in training and trainee competence in personality assessment in Health Service Psychology doctoral students: A pilot study. Training and Education in Professional Psychology. Advanced Online Publication. doi: 10.1037/tep0000249 

  • Ingram, P.B., Golden, B.L., & Arminstead-Jehle. (In review). Evaluating the Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory-2-Restructured Form (MMPI-2-RF) over-reporting scales in a military neuropsychology clinic.

  • Ingram, P.B., Cole, B.P. Heath, P., Ternes, M.S., & Warlick, C.A., (In Review). Self-stigma's relationship to mental health treatment attitudes: Incorporating the pleasant-unpleasant dimension of emotionality
  • Ingram, P.B., & Ternes, M. (2016). The detection of content-based invalid responding: A meta-analysis of the MMPI-2-Restructured Form's (MMPI-2-RF) over-reporting scales. The Clinical Neuropsychologist, 30, 473-496. doi: 10.1080/13854046.2016.1187769
  • Ingram, P.B., Lichtenberg, J.W., & Clarke, E. (2016). Self-stigma, personality traits, and willingness to seek treatment in a community sample. Psychological Services, 13, 300-307. doi: 10.1037/ser000008