Texas Tech University

Paul B. Ingram, Ph.D.

Assistant Professor
Psychological Sciences, Counseling Program

Email: paul.ingram@ttu.edu

Phone: (806) 834-3354

CV: Click here
Office hours: 9-11am Tuesday (Fall 2019)
Lab: 401

Lab Site: ingramlab.wordpress.com

B.A., University of North Carolina at Asheville
M.A., Western Carolina University (Clinical)
Ph.D., University of Kansas (Counseling)
Internship, Eastern Kansas Veteran Affairs


Research Interests

My research focuses on two areas. I am interested in personality measurement using the MMPI-2-RF/MMPI-3, particularly factors influencing measurement of military and veteran relevant issues (e.g., both substantive clinical presentation [such as PTSD and TBI] as well as issues related to validity scale functioning). This is the area where a majority of my work is done.  I also study mental health treatment seeking and the role of attitudinal process on service engagement and continued utilization. My work on treatment engagement is aimed at predicting factors influencing attitudes about mental health as well as predicting actual treatment behaviors (e.g., early termination, symptom reduction patterns while in therapy, therapy engagement).

Undergraduate Research Assistant

Below is a link to my research lab. If you are interested in being part of my team here at Tech, take the time to carefully fill out this application so that you may be considered. I have an amazing team of graduate and undergraduate students and I am regularly looking for more highly qualified students who want to join us. 


Selected Research Articles

Additional information about papers and projects are available on my personal website.
  • Ingram, P.B., Golden, B.L., & Arminstead-Jehle. (2020). Evaluating the Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory-2-Restructured Form (MMPI-2-RF) over-reporting scales in a military neuropsychology clinic. Journal of Clinical and Experimental Neuropsychology
  • Ingram, P.B., Tarescavage, A.M., Ben-Porath, Y.S., & Oehlert, M.E. (2019). Comparing MMPI-2-Restructured Form Scores by Service Era for Veterans assessed within the Veteran Affairs Healthcare System. Journal of Clinical Psychology in Medical Settings. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10880-019-09650-2
  • Ingram, P.B., Tarescavage, A.M., Ben-Porath, Y.S., & Oehlert, M.E. (2019). Descriptive characteristics of the MMPI-2-Restructured Form (MMPI-2-RF) substantive scores across a national sample of four Veteran Affair treatment settings. Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment, 41, 329-340. doi: 10.1007/s10862-019-09727-0
  • Ingram, P.B., Tarescavage, A.M., Ben-Porath, Y.S., & Oehlert, M.E. (2019). Validity scales: Patterns observed across Veteran Affairs settings [Measurement-Based Care and Psychological Assessment in Mental Health Services]. Psychological Services. Advanced Online Publication. doi: 10.1037/ser0000339
  • Ingram, P.B., Schmidt, A.T., & Cribbet, M. (2019). Trends in training and trainee competence in personality assessment in Health Service Psychology doctoral students: A pilot study. Training and Education in Professional Psychology. Advanced Online Publication. doi: 10.1037/tep0000249 

  • Ingram, P.B., Mosier, N.J., Sharpnack, J.D., & Golden, B. (2019). Evaluating symptom endorsement typographies of trauma-exposed veterans on the Personality Assessment Inventory: A latent profile analysis. Current Psychology. Advanced Online Publication. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12144-019-00486-5

  • Cole, B.P., & Ingram, P.B. (2019). Where do I turn for help? Gender role conflict, self-stigma, and college men's help seeking for depression. Psychology of Men and Masculinities. Advanced Online Publication. https://doi.org/10.1037/men0000245
  • Ingram, P.B., Lichtenberg, J.W., & Clarke, E. (2016). Self-stigma, personality traits, and willingness to seek treatment in a community sample. Psychological Services, 13, 300-307. doi: 10.1037/ser000008