Texas Tech University

Sheila Garos, Ph.D.

Associate Professor; Counseling program director

Email: sheila.garos@ttu.edu

Phone: (806) 834-1344

Office: 311, Lab: 451B

Ph.D., 1998, Arizona State University

Dr. Sheila Garos

Previous Positions

I have over 25 years experience in mental health, working with a variety of chronic populations including the seriously mentally ill, substance abusers, and offenders. As a court investigator in Arizona, I conducted evaluations to determine whether a guardian or conservator should be appointed for incapacitated or abused adults. As an adult probation officer, I managed a caseload of offenders and made sentencing and probation recommendations to the court. I have also worked with federal offenders on pre-release status as well as schizophrenic patients in community placements.


  • My research interests have primarily been in the area of disorders of sexual frequency and control. Thus, my past research focused on the construct of sexual addiction as a diagnostic entity, and whether sexual addiction should be considered clinically distinct from other compulsive sexual behaviors and paraphilias. Related to this interest, I developed the Garos Sexual Behavior Index which is a 70-item scale developed to assess the cognitive, affective, and behavioral dimensions of problematic sexual behavior using the following four subscales: Discordance, Permissiveness, Sexual Obsession, and Sexual Stimulation. The GSBI has been effective in discriminating between incarcerated sexual offenders and non-sexual offenders as well as self-ascribed sex-addicts from non-addicts. The GSBI is currently published by Western Psychological Services. More information about the measure is available at http://portal.wpspublish.com/portal/page?_pageid=53,235419&_dad=portal&_schema=PORTAL
  • More recently, I have conducted studies to examine the effects of temptation bias on one's ability to resist engaging in tempting sexual situations. One of my lab students is investigating whether having a constructivist versus logical positivist world view affects one's ability to accurately judge MySpace web pages. Another is examining temptation bias by using an eye-tracker and asking participants to judge how long they think they would look at certain parts of images that have embedded sexual content, and then measuring how long they actually look. Part of my research has focused on constructs of sexism. My students and I are currently investigating sexist attitudes toward men's and women's sexual behaviors. We have another study looking at infertility and “wishful thinking.” In addition, I conducted past research with the University Medical Center Divisions of Urology that looked at how partner adjustment affected prostate cancer patient care and recovery outcomes. I have a graduate student who is extending this research to hysterectomy patients. In the future I hope to conduct treatment outcome studies to evaluate how various treatment modalities affect sexual function, relationship satisfaction, and overall quality of life for patients with medical conditions that affect sexual function. We also continue to do validity studies with the GSBI. The most current is looking at the relationship between the GSBI and Millon Clinical Multiaxial Inventory-III.
Select Research:
  • Garos, S. (2008). The Garos Sexual Behavior Index. Los Angeles, California, Western Psychological Services, Publishers.
  • Garos, S., Kluck, A., Beggan, J.K., Martindale, J, Easton Wheeler, A., Lowery Zacchilli, T. (2008). Temptation Bias: Can Self-enhancement Limit the Influence of Gender stereotypes? Sex Roles, 58, 311-329.
  • Garos, S., Kluck, A., & Aronoff, D. (2007). Prostate cancer patients and their partners: Differences in satisfaction indices and psychological variables. Journal of Sexual Medicine, 4, 1394–1403.
  • Mandracchia, J. T., Morgan, R. D., Garos, S., & Garland, T. J. (2007). Inmate thinking patterns: An empirical investigation, Criminal Justice and Behavior, 34, 1029-1043.
  • Klontz, B., Garos, S., & Klontz, P. (2005). The effectiveness of multimodal experiential therapy n the treatment of sexual addiction, Sexual Addiction and Compulsivity: The Journal of Treatment and Prevention, 12, 275-294.
  • Garos, S., Beggan, J., Bleckley, K., & Frizzell, J. (2004). The relationship between intrapsychic conflict and deviant sexual behavior in sex offenders. Journal of Offender Rehabilitation, 40, 23-38.
  • Garos, S., Beggan, J., Kluck, A, & Easton, A. (2004). Sexism and pornography use: Toward explaining past (null) results. Journal of Psychology and Human Sexuality, 16, 69-96.
  • Garos, S., Beggan, J., & Kluck, A. (2004). Temptation bias: Seeing oneself as better able than others to resist temptation. Research in the Social Scientific Study of Religion, 15, 235-261.

Teaching Interests and Activities

Graduate courses I teach include:

  • Contemporary Professional Issues (Ethics)
  • Practicum
  • Psychopharmacology of Psychoactive Drugs
  • Group Counseling and Psychotherapy

Undergraduate courses I teach include:

  • Principles of Interviewing Techniques
  • Drugs, Alcohol, and Behavior

In the future I plan to teach a graduate level Human Sexuality, Sexual Disorders, and Sex Therapy course. I would also like to develop a seminar course in Substance Abuse and Treatment of Addictive Disorders.

Applied Interests and Activities

I maintain a small private practice. In addition to general psychotherapy, my clinical specialties include substance abuse and addiction, as well as the treatment of paraphilias, sexual dysfunctions, as well as sex and marital therapy.