Texas Tech University

Sean P. Cunningham

Professor and Chair
Modern American Politics and Political Culture

Email: Sean.Cunningham@ttu.edu

Office: 131 Holden Hall 

Website: http://myweb.ttu.edu/secunnin

Ph.D., University of Florida

Sean P. Cunningham is Chair of the Department of History. He teaches broadly in twentieth-century U.S. history, while specializing in the history of modern American political culture. His geographic emphasis is on the Sunbelt, Texas in particular.

Cunningham has authored three books: Bootstrap Liberalism: Texas Political Culture in the Age of FDR (University Press of Kansas, 2022); American Politics in the Postwar Sunbelt: Conservative Growth in a Battleground Region (Cambridge University Press, 2014); and Cowboy Conservatism: Texas and the Rise of the Modern Right (University Press of Kentucky, 2010), which won the Texas Tech University President's Book Award (first place) in 2012.

In addition to his responsibilities as Department Chair, Cunningham has served on the Board of Directors for both the Texas State Historical Association (TSHA) and Humanities Texas – the state's affiliate to the National Endowment for the Humanities (NEH). At Texas Tech, he has served as a "Chair Mentor" for the university's National Science Foundation (NSF) ADVANCE Grant, is Title IX Liaison for Academic Affairs, is Chair of the Editorial Board for Texas Tech University Press (where he is also Editor for a book series on "Politics of the Modern Southwest"), has been a member of the Provost's Faculty Success Task Force and Advisory Committee since 2017, and helped coordinate a program known as "Civil Counterpoints" - a campus conversation series designed to model and stimulate thoughtful, professional, and respectful dialogue on volatile issues of contemporary interest.

Cunningham is also a decorated teacher. In 2021, he received the university's "Integrated Scholar Award" in recognition of "faculty who dedicate themselves to a course of lifelong learning and advance Texas Tech's role in educating, serving, and inspiring others to do the same." In 2020, he was elected to membership in the university's prestigious Teaching Academy. Additionally, Cunningham has won the President's Excellence in Teaching Award (2013), the Professing Excellence Award, presented by University Student Housing (2012), the Department of History's Distinguished Faculty Award (2010 and 2008), and was named the College of Arts & Sciences winner of the Texas Tech Alumni Association's New Faculty Award (2010). Finally, before joining Texas Tech's faculty in 2007, Cunningham was awarded the Calvin A. VanderWerf Award in recognition of his selection as the outstanding Graduate Teaching Assistant at the University of Florida, where he earned his Ph.D.

Prior to his graduate work in Gainesville, Cunningham completed his B.A. in Public Relations from Texas Tech University in 1999, before earning his M.A. in History and his M.Ed. in Higher Education, also at Texas Tech, in 2002.

Sean P. Cunningham

Select Publications

Bootstrap Liberalism: Texas Political Culture in the Age of FDR

Sunbelt Politics, Reaganomics, Southern Conservatism, History of Republican PartyHas Texas always been one of the United States' most conservative states? The answer might surprise you. Bootstrap Liberalism offers a glimpse into the world of Depression-era Texas politics, revealing a partisan culture that was often far more ideologically nuanced and complex than meets the eye.

The Lone Star State is often viewed as a bastion of conservative politics and rugged “bootstrap” individualism, but that narrative overlooks the fact that FDR's New Deal was quite popular in Texas, much more so than previous histories of the era have suggested. While it is true that many Texas Democrats remained staunchly conservative during Franklin D. Roosevelt's presidency, and it is also true that many of these conservatives formed the basis of an established majority that would grow stronger in the decades that followed, it is simultaneously true that ordinary voters—and a good many politicians—embraced New Deal policies, federal experimentation, and direct economic aid, and often did so enthusiastically as liberal Texas Democrats rode FDR's coattails to electoral success.

Texas political leaders recognized the popularity of the New Deal and identified themselves with FDR for their own political advantage. Using original resources mined from six research archives, Bootstrap Liberalism explores campaign strategies and policy debates as they unfolded at the local, state, and national levels throughout the Great Depression and World War II eras, revealing a consistent brand of pro-New Deal messaging that won favor with voters across the state. Most Texas Democrats did not apologize for supporting FDR. Rather, they celebrated him and often marketed themselves as New Deal Democrats. Voters endorsed that strategy by electing liberals throughout the 1930s and early 1940s.

American Politics in the Postwar Sunbelt: Conservative Growth in a Battleground Region

Sunbelt Politics, Reaganomics, Southern Conservatism, History of Republican PartyThis book analyzes the political culture of the American Sunbelt since the end of World War II. It highlights and explains the Sunbelt's emergence during the second half of the twentieth century as the undisputed geographic epicenter for conservative Republican power in the United States.

The book also investigates the ongoing nature of political contestation within the postwar Sunbelt, highlighting the underappreciated persistence of liberal and progressive influences across the region. Cunningham argues that the conservative Republican ascendancy that so many have identified as almost synonymous with the rise of the postwar American Sunbelt was hardly an easy, unobstructed victory march. Rather, it was consistently challenged and never foreordained. The history of American politics in the postwar Sunbelt resembles a rollercoaster of partisan and ideological adaptation and transformation.

Cowboy Conservatism: Texas and the Rise of the Modern Right

Cowboy Conservatism: Texas and the Rise of the Modern Right by Dr. Sean CunninghamThis book explores the major moments, issues, personalities, and creative forces that coalesced during the 1960s and 1970s to reshape the political landscape and culture of Texas, thereby transforming the Lone Star State into the nation's most powerful Republican stronghold.

Utilizing extensive research drawn from the archives of four presidential libraries, gubernatorial papers, local campaign offices, and oral histories, Cunningham reveals a vivid portrait of modern conservatism in one of the nation's largest and most politically powerful states.