Assent Process with Minors
When minors (under the age of 18 in most states) are involved in research, the regulations require the assent of the minor and the consent of the parent(s) or legally authorized representative. There are four components in achieving this goal when research involves minors: the consent process and the consent form for parents; and the consent process and assent form for minors.
While children may be legally incapable of giving informed consent, children should be asked whether or not they wish to participate in the research. The child should be given an explanation of the proposed research procedures in a language that is appropriate to the child's age, experience, maturity, and condition. This explanation should include a discussion of any discomforts and inconveniences the child may experience. If the child objects to the research, the study is stopped immediately.