The West Texas Mesonet (WTM) provides meteorological observations from 115 stations
distributed across West Texas and covering 74 counties in the Texas Panhandle, South
Plains, Rolling Plains, Permian Basin, Trans Pecos, Concho Valley, Big Country, Edwards
Plateau, Hill Country, eastern New Mexico and southwest Colorado.
The WTM provides real-time data including wind speed and direction at different levels,
air temperatures at different levels, humidity and dew point, solar radiation, rainfall,
barometric pressure and climate histories. Agricultural data include soil temperature
and moisture at different levels, leaf wetness and evapotranspiration.
SOnic Detection and Ranging (SODAR) units have been integrated with WTM to provide
elevated measurements for high-resolution, short-term ensemble wind forecasts. SODAR
is an acoustic radar used to evaluate low-level atmospheric stability and wind characteristics.